Sri Ramanin Padhayil - Episode 01 - April 21 2013 ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்
‘Sri Rama Rama Rameti Rame Rame Manorame;
Sahasra nama tattulyam Rama nama varanane!’ Slogam from SriVishnuSahasranamam, Shiva's answer to Parvati on Rama Nama mahatvam.
Ram's travel route
Sriram travelled from Ayodhya to various places in India, Nepal and Srilanka like Chitrakut, Nasik, Kishkinthai, Mahendragiri, Rameshwaram and SriLanka.
What does "Sri Ramanin Padayil" mean ?
Meaning 1 : Sri Ramanin Padayil means following the dharma's and discipline followed by Ram. Ram has lived and explained us various dharma's including Ozhukkam(Discipline), truthfullness(Unmaiyin oruvam), Nermayin oruvam(straight forwardness), Thanthai Thai mathipu (respecting/obeying to parents), helping mind, great warrior and king, Nadathai(good conduct) and panbhu. So ramanin padayil means "Sriramanin ozhukka(way to live) pathai, naan nadathai(good conduct) pathai". Ramayanam is Adi kavyam, Venga Kavyam - it is not just a Story (kathai) but also has moral(Karuthu).
We are not just going to listen to the story of ram but from those stories understand the moral and follow the moral in our day to day life. -Kathai ketpom, kathaiyinkaruthai purinthukondu kadaipidipom. We shall learn one ozhukum, learn one uyarntha panbhu and follow.
Meaning 2 - Sriramanin padayil means travelling to all the destinations travelled by Ram. Raman than thiruvadi padarunthu nadantha pathai. Ram has walked from ayodhya till rameshwaram/thirupullani..then in lanka. Raman has walked along this path. Ram walks first, follows Sita and then follows Lakshmana.
Key Takeaway 1. Following Ram's footsteps means living life in the path of dharma as lead by Ram. 2. Following Ram's footsteps also means travelling to destinations/ punya kshetram's visited by Ram.
Why did Raman took those two journey/yatra ?
Yatra 1 - To marry Sita when he was 12 years of age. Then Ram stayed 12 years in the kingdom.
Yatra 1 - Following Kaikeyi's order he started on his next journey which was for 14 years.
Ram's journey path
Ram's first journey - Yatra 1
Started from Uttar Pradesh- Ayodhya.
Then to Bihar - Bukshar - siddhashram on the bank of river Ganga.
Then to Nepal - Mithila/Janakpuri where Sita kalyanam happened.
Then back to Ayodhya
It is interesting to note the route map and image looks like bow/arrow - Valaintha Vil.. nerkotil Naan.
Ram's Second journey - Yatra 2
Started from Ayodhya - UP
Then via Madhya Pradesh to all the three ashram.. Sutheek shashanaa ashram,Sarabhang ashram,Agastyaashram
Then to Maharashtra Nasik /Panchavati
Then to thaketh in maharashtra
Then to tungabadra - near hampi/hospet kishkintai
Then near mysore near coorg - lakshmana thirthanam
Then thirukurungudi in TN - Mahendragiri parvam
Then turning towards kanyakumari.. towards rameshwaram /thirupullani
While in Rameshwaram all the vanara padai built the palam in 5 days and reached lanka after the victory at Srilanka Ram came in Pushpaka vimana from lanka then to baradwaja asharam
then to nandi gramam
then to ayodhya
Ram has travelled through India (6 states), Nepal, Srilanka. ~8500 KM length
Details on "Sri Rama Anu Yathirai "
In 2006, 2010 under the guidance of Swami Vellukudi Krishnan was organised the "Sri Rama Anu Yathirai" and 500 people participated.
Anu Yathirai means "Pin thodarrunthu selluvathu" - to follow
The journey included yathirai, kathai, upanyasam, parayanam, music based on songs from Kambha ramayanam, Valmiki Ramayanam, azhwar's pasuram and from Ram charitha manas, Sita kalyanam, paduka pattabhishekam,bajanai and understand the significance of the places and clarification of all the doubts.
Mahatvam of Ram Namam
When we say Raman - papam tholainthu puniyam kidaikum.
This is also explained in Sabari and Ram's conversation.
Ram namam is equivalent to 1000 names in Vishnusahasranamam.
Papam tholainthu puniyam kidaipathu. Srirama.. rama nu sonnale puniyam. Siranthathu, anaithukum siranthathu..
Sankarar says - Rama namathin perumai Shivan arivar.. This is explained by Shiva's reply to Parvati in "Sri Rama Rama Rameti... " Slogam.
So let us all view and involve the entire family including the next generation. It is our responsibility to pass on to the next generation and this is a great oppurtunity to get them interested.
What does Yatra mean ?
Yatra means "ithan moolam sellugirom", like minded people travelling with a goal towards a goal is Yatra.
Yatra sellum pothu oru goal/elakku irukka vendum, ellakku(goal) adaiya vendum.
Key Takeaway 3. Yatra means "ithan moolam sellugirom", like minded people travelling with a goal towards a goal is Yatra.
Mahatvam of Ramayanam
Ramayanam muzhuka sollum oru slogam.. Yanthin nyaya pravarthasya thriyan chobita sahayatam apan thanantam Gachchatam soga roopi vimunchathi (need to correct this Slogam : TBD)
Nalvazhiyil, dharma margathil, ner vazhiyil, nadanthal kurangu kuda udavikku varum. Thavarana margathil, adharma margathil, theeya vazhiyil nadanthal kudapiranthavargal kuda vittu viduvargal. Due to dharma Monkeys helped Ram and due to adharma brother Vibhishanan left Ravanan.
Key Takeaway 4. Everyone(even animals) will help us if we follow path of dharma, if not even our own brother will disown us.
In this series we are going to learn the moral(Karuthu) from ramayanam and also see the places as per Ramayanam.
Ramanyanam has been translated in many languages. Based on these books, research has been done..As per Ithihasas these incidences must have happened more than 15 lakhs years ago... whatever the timeline be the time period is not important. This yathirai is not newly found by us, our acharyas(guru's) have already given all the details and we just need to follow them. The first and foremost among them is Valmiki.
Brahma told to Valmiki - Till the existence of sun, moon , river,mountain Ramanyanam's pugazh will be there in this world and till that time Valmiki's pugazh irukkum.
What is the basis for this Series or the Yatra ?
Ramayanam has 24000 slogam, 500+ sargam, 6 kaandam.
Ramayanam is the basis for this series. Tamil poet Kambar based on Valmiki Ramanyanam wrote Kamba Ramanyanam. The place where Kambar released(arangetriya mandapam) is in Srirangam opposite to Thayar sannadhi. Mettu Azhagiya singa perumal listened to all the words as told by Kambar and acknowledged it by saying "yes it all happened" and atta gasamaga siritharam (Laugh). This happened 1000 years ago.
Srirangam - Kamba Ramayana Mandapam
All these are true and one can understand when we see this series.
Why should we go on yatrai ?
In Bhagavat Gita, Krishna explains about Karma yogam. Everyone need to follow Karma yogam in this world. But not everyone like to do things in the same way and hence when they follow karma yogam the way they follow is different. "Loko Binna ruchi" - people have varied interest. Various routes to follow karma yogam like - aradhanai of a vigraham, pranayanam,vedam solluvathu, Veda karuthu(meaning) araichi(research) pannuvathu, dhana dharmam, puniya theerthathil neeraduvathu, kshetradanam and many more. Karma yogathin oru vagai than Yathirai.
Whatever the discipline and dharma followed by Ram in Ramaavataram has been told in the Bhagavat Gita during the Krishnaavataram. Krishna did upadesam of all that he followed(way he lived) in Ramavataram.
Key Takeaway 5. Going on a Yatra is a type of Karma yogam 6. Krishna advised us and gave us "Bhagavad Gita" and that is nothing but all the dharma's which was followed by HIM in Ramaavataram.
All the rivers in Bharatha desam have deep connection to Ithihasam.
During this Yatra 9 holy rivers(punniya theertham) were covered
- Sarayu( runs in ayodhya in UP),
- Gandaki in nepal , salagrama perumal
- Yamunai place where krishna played,
- Mandagini at Chitrakutam,
- Godavari's starting place near Nasik,
- Tungabhadra at Karnataka near kishkinta,
- Cauvery near kodagu,
- Nambhi aaru near Mahendra giri down south
- Sethu snanam at Sethu karai.
Greatness of the letter "Ga" as in Ganga
gItA gangA ca gAyatrI govindeti hrdi sthite |
catur gagAra samyukte punarjanma na vidyate ||
Meaning: To one in whose heart these four 'ga’kArAs, namely, gItA, gangA, gAyatri and govinda are found, has no rebirth.
Ga letters perumai - Ganga, Gita , Gayathri, Govinda - if one has all these 4 Ga's he will attain mukthi.
Ozhukkam-Way of Living
In "Koodarai vellum seer govinda...." Andal also explains the benefit of being together.
Koodi irunthu kuliruvom... Koodi irunthal kuleeralam, kudi irunthal kodi nanmai,thanith thaniye irukka vendam, ottrumaiyodu iruppom, pagu padu parka vendam. All are bhaktas. Koodi iruthal Yathirai yin payan.
What we get when we go on a Yathra ?
Key Takeaway 1. Koodi iruthal yathirai yin payan.
2. Time away from Mechanical, mundane, materialistic life is what we get from Yathirai.
3. During Yathirai Just say rama namam and live a different life..
4. Tolerance comes in automatically when we live together.
5. We are going to places which are filled with Sanithiyam, filled with positive vibration which has been visited and where many rishi's lived.
6. Kootu prathanai, same goal, kootu muyarchi - positive attitude.
7. More than listening ramaynam when we see it in person - then "He is my Rama" attitude comes in. Bhakthi increased.
Interestingly people of age group between 18 to 92 years participated in this yathirai and older people were more energetic. In spite of health problems diabetic, bp, heart surgery patients also participated. More details on how this yathirai was arranged and conducted.. to be continued ............
Seetha Rama Thiruvadigale Saranam.
ஸர்வம் ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்
Sri Ramanin Padhayil - Episode 02 - April 28 2013
Dialogue on SriRamanin Pathayil between Cho and Krishnan Swami.
Cho : Ramayanam is an ithihasam which explains about bharatha desam panbhu, nambhikai, menmaigal. Learning Ramayanam is puniyam.
Why this Yathirai ?
Jeevatma's nature is anadamayi(Bliss). Anything we do for the body/sarira is momentary happiness. Manasu rithiya, bhuthiyala if we do anything for Athma anubhav we can recollect those memory and continue to feel the happiness. Gyanathunala(knowledge) varugira sugam. Kannan says in Bhagavat Gita do anything which gives happiness to Athma and not just for the Sarira. This is the basis of Brahma Dyanam or Yogam. Even after 30 minutes of Brahma Dyanam the effect of it remains even after that. If we go for an Arivu poorvamana yathirai, we can recollect the anubhavam's we had during the yathirai even after many years. In the Gita's last athiyayam, Sanjayan says to Dhristhirastra - "Yennaku kannan sonna 18 athiyathin karuthu(meaning) niyabagam irunthatho illaiyo..atha vida avan kattina Vishwaroopam innum niyabagam irukku.. nenaichu nenaichu yen kalathai kazhichiduven...". All the troubles we face during the yathirai are only physical for sarira and not for the athma. Also if we do it together as a group, the positive vibrations are more and it is even more when it is done related to Raman. In spite of age, health issue people enjoyed because the athma anuhavam scored high in front of troubles to the body.
Details on the Ground work done before the Yathirai
1. First took notes from all the sargam in Valmiki Ramayanam which had details about directions.Also checked in Kambar and Rama charitha Manas. Though these three Ramayanam differed in the narration of what happened but they did not differ in where it happened. Since the research team's focus was on the place of the incident, other differences didn't matter. We found the places of where Ram travelled and we wanted to go there and do the parayanam. 2. Then checked on the Ancient india's, medieval india's and contemproray india's geography map to check on the course of the various rivers and how it has changed over a period. 3. Took help of the research publications. Sir George Cunnigham's research in a book called "The ancient geography of india". V.D Ramaswamy wrote "Rama patha Yathirai". Prof Daniel Smith from America(velukkudi's father's friend) has stayed in India some 20 years ago and has done research in various places and has written a travel notes. An email from him also helped a lot. 4. To tie loose ends an Indian youth studying law in london helped by getting references from F.E.Forgetter's book manusscript which was in london library. 5. So we were able to confirm theoretically on all the details that were collected from various places. 6. Then pilot team went to the places and confirmed with the local people, rishi's, archagas in the temple. Then when we fine tuned got a beautiful picture.
Mode of transportation
Bus, train, tractors, we built temporary bridge ourselves. Thakheth - place where Jatayu got the moksham was beautiful with serene atmosphere though there were electricity issues when the group went there.
How did those places didn't get changed along these years ?
It is Ram's grace which is taking care of Ram's places. Raman than yedathai pathu kathukirar. We need to maintain the historic and ancient monuments.
What was the order of travel ?
Same order as travelled by Ram Ayodhya ,Siddhashram,videga raja janakapuri - sita kalyanam, went back to ayodhya stayed for one day. We all felt as if our ponnu mappilai got married when we came back to ayodhya from Janakapuri. Then we started on the next leg. Didn't go to lanka but went till rameshwaram and then came to Srirangam to read the pattabhisheka sargam.
What places in Tamil Nadu ?
Hanuman thavina place is Mahendra Giri southern tip of podhigai malai and rameshwaram. So travel included From Ayodhya, bihar(Siddhashram), Nepal(Mithila), ayodhya,UP MP border is chitrakut, Nasik panchavati, climbed lonavala to enter kishikintha then to Lakshmana theertham near coorg, Thirukurungudi mahendra giri and rameshwaram. Though new name exists people also understand the old names as per the scripts.
Is Ramanyana true story ?
Katha(Story) does not mean karpanai(Imagination) only. It might have happened long ago. One might not have seen it. But that does not mean it didn't happen. Unless one can refute and disapprove it is true. Our great grandfathers and their great grand fathers have told these for many years. We are ready to accept if something is told few hundred years ago. likewise this has been told/seen for many many years ago and many yugas ago and we all should be proud of it. Something has come from Thretha Yuga. Sankaracharya, Veda vysar, Ramanujar, Madhvacharya all told same story and same count w.r.t sargam. Sankaracharya went to Chitrakut and bhadrikashram, Ramanujar has gone to chitrakut and Ayodhya. When we went we also saw the same thing as what we heard from our acharyas and we can feel the positive vibration.
How can we agree ravanan had 10 head, monkey's had intelluctual power ? When we see something beyond what we think as common we think it is abnormal. There were days when what we think as abnormal today were normal those days. I can understand this when i see my grandfather and his physical strength. There are chances of people of those days to be different from what we are today. On seeing bird, vimanas we are inventing many many things. So we have to accept that those days people had all the shakthi's which we think is abnormal and impossible today. We see the missile today and all these can be compared to all the asthra's which were there in Ramanyana's days. Only thing is it is in different form these days. The concept(karuthu) is the same but only the murai(form) is different. So we need to accept the existence of those concepts in those days.
Any kal vettu(Stone monuments) to confirm the Faith ?
Mahabharatha vishyam related Kal vettu is there e.g. Dwaraka. Mahabharatha happened end of dwapara yuga end , close to the beginning of kali yuga. Ramayanam is even one more yuga before that. Kishinkintha has a ramar sannidhi, ramar came there is true and if we follow the route given in the books we are able to locate the place and this cohesiveness is the basis for our trip. More news are sevi vazhi seithigal (what we heard). There are many researches done many hundred years ago in many books. so we need to accept.
How did you manage the group ?
There are many people who want to go. We managed travel, food end to end with god's grace and lots of volunteers. Yathiri Seva Group - Volunteers who went ahead of arrival of the actual yathiri's.
Will people remember though they had great experience ?
They will remember Ram, anjaneya, places visited and the divine experience will be remembered for ever. We had upanyasam and sarga parayanam in the respective places. Had many adventures experience crossing dangerous bridges and also when crossing and reaching Nepal.
Are you planning to do this tour again ?
Need to think that we are not the kartha(Seibhavan) instead we are the karanam(karuvi). Seibhavan Raman, karuvi naan, yendru ninaithal nichayamaga pannalam. When we think, we need to think with gyana,knowledge and athma. when we act we need to think that we are just a tool and it is driven by Ram. AnuBhavavikkum pothu bhakthi yoda anubhavikkanam. If this attitude is there all of us can go again. No need to bother about age or anything. Average age was 68 of the people who travelled. Anyone who has bhakthi can come and one who does not have bhakthi if they come they will get into bhakthi. Key Takeaway 1.Whatever we do, need to think that we are not the kartha(Seibhavan) instead we are the karanam(karuvi).
10 headed Ravanan - Explanation
Ram is God, even for people who don't believe in Ram when they follow the panbhu of what is told in Ramayanam they will automatically understand the Godliness of Ram. Vivega Saram - Vivegam means paguthu arivu - degam and athma is different, sugam/thukkam, think all human's are same. Paguthuarivu is an ambhu(arrow) and if you release that ambhu something will get destroyed. Our manam(mind) is Ravanan. Ravanan had faulty behaviours - pullan(senses) adakam illai, he wished for someone's wife Mandodari says "ravana ram didn't defeat you, only ur pulan adakkam inmai(not controlling your senses) defeated you".
Ozhukkam-Way of Living Manam(Mind) is Ravanan. Antha Manathuku irukkum 10 pulan(senses) than Ravananin thalaigal(head). 10 pulangal(senses) - eyes, nose ,mouth,nose,? and 5 karmenthiriyangal. Viveka Gyanam yennum ambhu kondu Raman, nam Manam mela ambhu yeithugirar, theeya gunathai azhichividugirar. This is what our acharya's are writing. Kathai + karuthu and we need to follow the karuthu. Key Takeaway
2. Not controlling the senses will lead to disaster. Mandodari says this at Ravana's death bed that not controlling his senses killed him and not Ram.
3. Ram uses the arrow called viveka Gyana to remove the 10 bad qualities we Jeevatma possess which includes the 5 karma indriya's and 5 gyana indriya's.
Time duration of the Yathirai
22 days of yathirai. People from Blr, Mumbai,Hyd, calcutta participated and they all came to Bittor near Kanpur. Travelled to all the places till Srirangam and went back to respective home town from srirangam. Tolerance gets built when we go on a yathirai.
Why stop till Pattabhiashekam and not continue on Uttara Gandam ?
Shubhama mudikanum nu Pattabhishekam thoda mudikarom and hence uttara Gandam is not in the parayanam. Irrespective of popularity , it is true and it has many great information. No one can accept sita leaving Ram and it is difficult to accept and hence not in parayanam.
Explanation about instances in Ramayanam where Ram is advicing the Rishi's when they crib
Ram has learnt and he was taught by various rishi's. He has advised Rishi's too like Vashistar, Vishwamithra and even his mother Kausalya. He listens and at times he advices back to them too. Clouds take the water from the sea and it filters it and gives it back as rain. Sometimes it rains in the same sea where it took the water. From the Sea called vashistrar or vishwamithirar, the cloud Ram took all the advice and then filtered it and poured it back to them as advice back to them. Upadesam pannum pothu rishigal, azhwargal, nayanmargal usually cry and crib about all their feelings. Rishi's are scared of samsaram, pulan. Samsara kadal izhukkum nu bayam yellarukkum irukkanam. Pulan thappana vazhila izhukkume nu bayam irukkanum. They all had that fear of getting suck into the samsaram and hence they cried and cribbed.
Yellorum Yathirai la kalanthundu koodi irunthu kuleeranam.
Through Guru / Acharyan's we understand GOD. Like how we pray to our guru and acharyan before praying to GOD, Sriramanin pathayil need to start from Valmiki Ashramam. All the tourists reached Kanpur in UttarPradesh. A book on Rama Anu Yathirai was given to all when they started to journey. On the way all the bhakthas did upanyasam, parayanam and bajanai. From Kanpur railway station, the journey started towards Bittoor the place where valmiki ashram is located. 27 Km from kanpur towards Kanoj there is Kalyanpur and near by is Bittoor.Reached Bittoor and reached Banks of river Ganga. Key Takeaway
1. Through Guru / Acharyan's we understand GOD.
Information on Ganga
Periazhwar pasuram - "Gangai Gangai yennum vasagathunale..." ***TBD** Trivikramanin Sri Patha Thirtham is Ganga. Dharma Devathaiye neerga oruga, kamandalathil iruntha neerai brahma devan trivikramanin pathathai alambha(wash) athuve gangaiyaga vizhunthathu. Nammai nokki vantha Gangai, namma pavathai neeka vantha gangai. After getting ready, people performed Pithru Tarpanam, sandhya vandanam, Nama japam, mantra japam, Surya bhagawan japam on the banks of river ganga. Reached bittor and we have taken holy bath in Ganga. Next is to undertand Bittoor's Mahatiyam.
Greatness of Bittoor
Slogam: वेद वेद्ये परे पुंसि जाते दशरथात्मजे । वेदःप्रचेतसादासीद् साक्षाद् रामायणात्मना ॥ veda vedye pare pumsi jate dasharathatmaje | vedah prachetasadasid sakshad ramayanatmana || Meaning : “When the omni potent omniscient and the Omnipresent Almighty who can be known only through Veda, took birth as a son of Dasharatha, the most precious Veda has been rendered as Ramayana by the sage Prachetasa.(Valmiki).” Veda's took birth as Ramayanam. Valmikam means putru. He came from putru(valmikam) so he is called Valmiki. Now we have reached Bittor. Starting from Brahma till valmiki and till Vedav Vyasar great Rishi's have been related to bittoor. Key Takeaway 2. Sriram is Paramapurusha and SriRamayana is veda
Walkthrough of the ancient map of India
(Note : Watch the video on Vijay TV to understand more on the exact locations) When we see ancient map of India we shall understand more. The map showed all the current places but with different name. Sanatana Dharma was followed and practiced from Iran till cambodia.
# Kamboja Desam - Indo Iranian had lived here and they must have come down and settled in India. # Ghandara desam - Afganistan, Pakistan included here. 3 important places pushkalavathi, Takshashilam taxila, purushapuram. Ram's brother bharathan's Son were names as Pushkalan and Takshashan. Avargal Statpitha places are Pushkalavathi and Takshashilam called as Taxila. # Purushapuram is called as Peshavar. This Ghandara desam daughter is Ghandari who is Durypodhana's mother. Many desam in the west and east of ghandaram. # Then comes Sindhu - Sindhu sama vali and the Sindhu river. # Then is Kekaya Desam - Daughter of this desam is Kekaya Desam. Bharathan's mother. # After kekaya Desam is Madra Desam with capital is sakala(today's siyal court) and from here is Madri who married pandu and gave birth to Nakula Sahadev. # Matsya Desam - this was called virata nagaram where pandavas stayed during agnathavasam. # Kosala Desam - where ayodhya is. Raman pirantha desam # Panchala Desam - Panchali is from here. There is Uttara Panchalam and Dakshina Panchala. # Kuru Jangala Desam - this is in Haryana # Magadha Desam - This is in today's Bihar, patna # Videha Desam - Today's north bihar and some parts of Nepal. This is mithila desam Janaka maharaj's desam. # Kalinga Desam - Today's odissa # Vidarbha Desam - Middle of Bharatham. Nagpur # Sindhu Sauvera Desam - Saurashtra Desam - north of gujarat # In Tamil Nadu - Pandya, Chola, Chera, Pallava's, Thondai Mannavargal yendru palarum vanzhuntha oor. Our Bharatha Desam has such great people and rich history.
More on Bittoor
Now we are in Bittoor which is north of Kanpur. BIttor is the place where Brahma kept his first foot steps. Let's understand more from Bittoor. Rishi and muni's lived for people's spiritual upliftment. Rishi's can be classified into Raja Rishi,Maha Rishi, brahma rishi, Deva rishi. Valmiki is a Maha Rishi. His ashram is in Bittoor. Naradar came here and Valmiki asked 16 questions to Naradar Slogam starting "Kon vasmin..". Valmiki listed 16 great characters and asked Narada "is there anyone with all these 16 characters(uyartha panbhugal) ? ". Naradar said "Valmiki neer ketta anaithu uyarntha panbhu oruthar idathil kana mudiyathu. Slogam - "Ishvaku vamsa prabhavaha ramo nama..." . Ishvagu vamsathil piranthu, anaithu vedangalalum potrappadum ramannidathil than kana mudiyum." One can understand God only through the Veda's, Ithihasa, puranas. "vedaika samthigamyan bhagawan" Bittoor's mahitvam I)- Valmiki ashramam II) - Place where Ramanyana Kavyam was written III) - Raman garbini Sitayai Gangai ku appal vittutu va yendru lakshmanan kitta solla, sita vanthu thangi irunthu lav-kush petru yedutha puniya bhoomi. Holy place where Sita gave birth to Lav-Kush.
Lav Kush Mandapam at Bittoor
1. Lav Kush Janma Bhoomi - Temple at Bittoor Lav-kush's Janma bhoomi has a temple in which there is a chinna vigraha roopam - of lav-kush, Periya vigraham of sita and Karupu thirumeniyil Raman, Next to him is Lakshmanan, next to him is sugreeva maharaja.
2. Hanuman Temple at Bittoor
Hanuman has come here and his thiruvadi patta idam athunala yella pavam tholaika valla red color Hanuman. We can see all these in the lav-kush mandapam
Valmiki Ashram at Bittoor
1. Valmiki Bhagawan in Padmansana
Next if we go to Valmiki ashram, we can see Valmiki bhagawan in padmasanam pose writing Ramayanam.
2. Living Muni
Next to valmiki is a living muni who is 110 years old and is been doing rama nama japam. Like how valmiki is in a sila roopam, this muni is sitting and doing his japam and tapam.
3.Valmiki Bhagawan - while he was a thief
Valmiki was a thief before he became a rishi and there is a black sila roopam of that form of valmiki.
4. Sita with Luv-Kush
We also see small sila(Idol) of Sita and even smaller sila of lav and kush. It's been written Vana Devi Sita Devi. When Sita came to Valmiki Ashram, all the rishi's asked who is she ? Since valmiki didn't want to explain the truth to all he said that a precious Vana devi has come here. So it is written vana devi Sita devi.
5. Tree where Hanuman was tied
Then there is a tree in which lav-kush tied Hanuman. During the Ashwatha yagam of Ram, lav-kush captured the horse of Ram and tied it here. One by one everyone came and lost to Lav-kush. Finally Hanuman came and he didn't feel like fighting with them and he also felt that there had been a deep bhakthi and relation with them. Lav-kush tied Hanuman in this tree and informed Sita about a monkey which they can play with. When sita saw hanuman she was surprised and told "if hanuman wasnt there neither ram, nor me nor you would be here." Once a while this tree grows from inside and the outer bark gets peeled off automatically.
6. Sita Kund
Next is Sita Kund where sita went into mother earth and started her journey from this bhoomi. That must have happened in Naimisaranyam but here as well there is a representation of that historic event.
Sloka Song - "Kujantam rama rameti madhuram madhuraaksharam aaruhya kavitaa saakhaam vande valmiki kokilam" Meaning - "This verse is a salutation to the poet Valmiki, who like a cuckoo bird sitting on the tree of poetry, melodiously repeats the sweet name of Rama. Blessed by Brahma, Valmiki who earlier became a sage, thus became a poet too."
Bittoor's mahitvam continues
IV). Naradar had come to Bittoor and Ramayanam was born here. Slogam - First slogam of Ramayanam to be added here....
Location of Valmiki Ashram in Bittoor
How do we confirm/know that Bittoor is the place where original Valmiki Ashram was located. Valmiki ashram also in Naimisaranyam, Chitrakut and also in BIttor. As per Ramayanam, before entering Chitrakut Ram had met Valmiki. If so, then how is Valmiki ashram in BIttor ? is the question we have. Rishi's don't stay in one place and they keep travelling. When rishi's stay in one place they get attached to the place, people and this will impact the dyanam, yogam and brahmam thedum muyarchi. So when raman was about to reach chitrakut, valmiki was staying near chitrakut. Post that Valmiki relocated to bittoor from chitrakut.
How did we confirm and find the location of Bittoor ?
Uttara Ghandathil oru seithi. While Ram was ruling Ayodhya, a group of people/rishi from today's mathurapuri had come to meet Ram. Mathu yennum arakan, lavanan yennum asuran paduthum padu thanga villai. (Note the first yuga is Kretha yuga and this incidence had happened in thretha yuga. Krishna was in mathura during dwapara yuga). Sathrugnan requested Rama and with his permission he went to help them. Sathrugnan starts from ayodhya and he goes to Bittoor and stays in the ashram for a night and then he travels towards Yamuna to reach Mathura. If we track this route in the map, the location of valmiki's ashram is in today's bittoor. It is also interesting to note tha Sita gave birth to Lav-kush on the day when Satrugnan stayed in valmiki ashram though Satrugnan was not aware that Sita was there. V) - Satrugnan had also come to Bittoor.
Sanatana Dharma - Sanatana means "anadhiyanadhu" meaning "without date of origin". Dharma - Bhagawan he himself is a dharmam. HE is already there and hence HE is "Siddha dharmam" - the dharmam which already exists. Antha Ramanai poojikum dharmam is "Sadhya Dharmam" which explains pooja vidhi and how to worship him. Ramanai pattriyum avarai thozhum(worship) murai pattriyum sollum dharmam is Sanatana Dharmam. Sanatana Dharmam explains about the Siddha Dharma ( GOD himself) and Sadhya Dharma ( Means to Worship GOD). Siddha Dharma is explained in the Vedantam. Sadhya Dharma is explained in the Vedam. Vedam's first section is Rig, Yajur,Sama, atharvana. Vedam's last section is Upanishad also called as vedantam. There are 12 upanishads like Isha,Keno, .......
So vedantam talk about GOD and Vedam talks about Means of worshiping him. This is like a theory and is not enough for us to understand or follow. We need practical knowledge. So Brahma explain's Veda through the Smriti's and explains Vedantham through the Ithihasa,Puranas. Vedantham speaks about Bhagawan. This is furhter explained in Ithihasa purana. Ithihasam rendu - Ramayanam and Mahabaratham. Puranas are 18.
One one side we have the Smriti's to explain the veda. So all these put together is called Vedam, Ithihasa puranangal, pramanas and the root for all these is Bittoor also called as Brahmavartham.
Slogam - "Ithihasa puranam....." To understand GOD, Vedam is the only way. Like how we can see something in front of us, fruit can be tasted , smell a flower, we can easily understand things which can be understood by our senses. But what about athma which cannot be understood by these senses ? Why am i born in this birth with many differences ? Why am i like this ? - how do we understand all these ? How to understand the creator,caretaker and destroyer of this world - The paramatma ? So for things which cannot be understood by our senses Vedam is the means to understand. Vedam explains about para brahmam who is going to take the Ramaavataram. Also Vedam does not talk about the same thing again and again. If i am already aware of something, the vedam will not explain that. Vedam does not explain things which i can learn through my senses (see, hear, taste, touch etc). Vedam talks about new things which i do not know. This is called as "Apoorva artha bhodanam". Though Veda talks/teaches new things, vedam does not talk against truth and it is full of truth. Also vedam does not talk against something which i am already aware of through my senses. For eg. I know that this is stone, mountain etc. Vedam does not talk against them too. Yennaku theriyathathai vedam sollum, anal naan yerkanave therinthu vaithu irukkum ondrai muranpattu(against) vedam sollathu. Puthiyathu sollum anal poi sollathu.
Vedam on one side, vedantham on another side. Vedamtham talks about SriRaman and Vedam talk abouts Raman Pathai i.e means to worship him. So when we look these together - Vedangalil pathai(way) ullathu, vedanthanthathil Sriraman Ullan. Veda's show the way and Vedantham talk about Sriraman. Vedantham and the vedathai serthal - SRI RAMAMANIN PATHAIYIL.
To understand the meaning of the veda's one needs Ithihasa, puranas. If we don't understand Ithihasa puranas it is difficult to practice. we might understand Ram but to understand all the discipline(ozhukam) followed by Ram we need the Ithihasa Purana. How did the Ithihasa Puranas were born ?
Key Takeaway 3. Sanatana Dharma - Sanatana means "anadhiyanadhu" meaning "without date of origin". 4. Sanatana Dharmam explains about the Siddha Dharma ( GOD himself) and Sadhya Dharma ( Means to Worship GOD). 5.Siddha Dharma is explained in the Vedantam. Sadhya Dharma is explained in the Vedam. 6. Ithihasa purana's help us in understanding the meaning of the Veda's so that it is easy for us to practice them.
Birth of Brahma
Brahma recites the veda's thorugh all his 4 faces. Bhagawan- ksheerhabhi nathan who is in the thiru parkadal. From Bhagawan's nabhi arises a lotus and from that lotus comes Brahma and he recites the 4 veda's through the 4 faces.
Bittoor is the place where brahma kept his first foot steps when he came down to earth. This place is Brahmavartham. (VI) - Bittor also called Brahmavartham.) There is a small temple in bittoor on the bank of Ganga and there is brahma's pathugai including the kumizh in the pathugai. Yathrika's did the pooja,pradakshinam for the pathugai.
Brahma's Family Tree
Brahma's Santhathi and details are in Bhagavatha puranam. Brahma's son is Swayambhuva manu. Swayambhuva Manu's had two son's - Priyamvaradhan and Uttana Padhan. Uttana padhan's son is Dhruvan. Dhruvan has done tapas in Bittoor which we shall see soon. (VII - Dhruvan had done tapas at Bittor) Then the family tree continues like Dhruvan -> Angan -> Venan -> Pruthu Maharaja -> prachina bargi -> Prachethas -> valmiki Hence why we say "Veda pracha dasadethu..." referring Valmiki's father Prachethas. Valmiki is 9th generation from Brahma. From Brahma till Valmiki 9 generations have been in Bittoor and hence the mahamityam for Bittoor. (VIII - Bittoor had been a place for 9 generations Brahma till Valmiki)
Note : Another reference says that from Brahma's eyes came Athiri maharishi and Valmiki is Athiri's son. Couple - Athiri Anusuya you must have heard.
Brahma - Heirarchy of Rishi from Brahma. Brahma forms Vashistar the great Rishi. Vashista's son Shakthi, Shakthi son parasarar, Parasarar's son Vedav Vyasar who wrote Mahabaratham. Vedav Vyasar's son is Suka Acharyar who did pracharam of the Bhagavatha Puranam.
With Ithihasas one one side and puranas on the other side we can understand more on Raman. We can also follow the disciplined path and foot steps of Ram.
Bittoor's importance and greatness I)- Valmiki ashramam II) - Place where Ramanyana Kavyam was written III) - Holy place where Sita gave birth to Lav-Kush IV) - Naradar had come to Bittoor. V) - Satrugnan had visited Bittoor and stayed one night VI) - Bittor also called Brahmavartham VIII) - Bittoor had been a place for 9 generations of great people from Brahma till Valmiki
Ozhukkam - Way of Living
Key Takeaway 7. Vedam and Ithihasa Puranas are the only way to understand Bhagawan who cannot be understoon through our senses.So lets start appreciating and respecting the Veda's and the Ithihasa Puranas. Veda's and Ithihasa Puranas teach what we don't know and what we don't understand through our senses.Veda's and Ithihasa Puranas are full of truth and they convey the truth in a straight forward manner.
So let us all learn Ramayana and soon we are going to learn on Rama's birth. ஸர்வம் ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்
Sri Ramanin Padhayil - Episode 04 - May 12 2013
‘Sri Rama Rama Rameti Rame Rame Manorame;
Sahasra nama tattulyam Rama nama varanane!’ Anaivarukku vanakkam we are at Bittoor - Valmiki Ashram.
Once a upon a time Valmiki was a thief. We might have been doing wrong deeds and we would have been travelling in a wrong path. Should one die as a wrong person just because he was a bad person earlier ? Is there no way where one can come out of it and get on correct path ? Yes there is a way to make course correction mid way. Valmiki sung Ramayana. From Valmiki story one can understand that a person who has been into wrong deeds can become a great noble person.
Valmiki robing a Sage
Valmiki was a robber(road side robber). Valmiki once saw an old sage and was about to rob him. But the old sage was very tired and hence Valmiki decided to help him since valmiki was very courteous(Karunai). The old sage asked him "what do you do ?" Valmiki replied boldly "I rob". The Sage suggested him to mend his ways. Valmiki replied that since he didn't know any other option to take care of his family other than robbing he has been into this. Sage said "Check with your family if they are ready to share the papam(demerits) from this robbery like the way they are ready to consume/share the items you rob."
Valmiki was bold and thought he would check the same with his family. His family members replied "Taking care of us is your duty and if you acquire any papam during that we are not ready to accept that papam". Valmiki came back to the sage and told the reply he got from his family. The sage said "Did u understand that people are ready to consume your wealth but not your sorrow or papam. You can rob but tell the Rama Nama which i am telling you while you rob". Suggesting this the Sage went away.
Rama Namam transforming Valmiki
Valmiki was saying "Rama" Namam while he continued to rob. Namathin magimai methu methuve avaridam panbhattai valarthathu, samskarathai yerpaduthiyathu. Valmiki was already courteous. Due to rama namam the change happened and thief became a Yogi and then became a Rishi and Valmiki Rishi who wrote the Ramayanam.
1. Rama Nama mahimai which can transform a thief to a great Maharishi.
All this has happened in this place called Bittoor.
Song on slogam - "Kujantam rama rameti madhuram madhuraaksharam aaruhya kavitaa saakhaam vande valmiki kokilam " Meaning - "This verse is a salutation to the poet Valmiki, who like a cuckoo bird sitting on the tree of poetry, melodiously repeats the sweet name of Rama. Blessed by Brahma, Valmiki who earlier became a sage, thus became a poet too."
Qualities of a Yogi - Ozhukkam -Way of Living
We also want to become a good yogi. The basic quality to become a yogi 1.Poi pesamai, satyam pesarthu - don't lie 2.Thirudamai - don't steal If we follow these two principles automatically one will become polite and he will be lead to good path. - (Ozhukkam-Way of Living)
2. Don't lie and Don't steal -> these are basic quality of a yogi
Naradar at Valmiki Ashram
Once Narada came to Valmiki's ashram.
Valmiki had a doubt which he wanted to get clarified from Narada. Valmiki saw the transformation in him and how he acquired many good qualities. Valmiki wanted to know if there is someone who has all the good qualities. Valmiki did namaskaram to Narada and asked this question to Narada.
Tapas means aalochitthal - melum melum visarithal(enquire) and asai to learn - inquistiveness/willingness to learn more and more. Though Valmiki was a wrong person earlier that didn't matter to Narada and all that mattered was he has become a noble rishi now. More than that he has the willingness to learn. Virupame(willingness to learn) thagudhi, aasaiye thagudhi. This is want we need to understand in anmigam. Intelligence is immaterial to reach GOD. It is just wish/willingness to learn.
Key Takeaway 3. Intelligence is immaterial to reach GOD. It is just wish/willingness to learn.
Ramanujar also had the same thought when he climbed the mountain in Thirukottiyur to reveal the secret to all those who are willing and not to people who are intelligent. One need not be intelligent but need to have the willingness.
Inspite of Valmiki's past status, Narada was kind enough to answer him saying slogam "Ishvagu Vamsa prabhava Ramo nama....." meaning "Ishvagu kulathil pirantha Raman".
Valmiki, two birds and a hunter near the banks of River Tamasa
Valmiki wanted to go for a bath and then started with Bharadwaja Munivar(Valmiki's Shisyar) to a near by river called Tamasa. He went to a river called Tamasa and he took bath. (Note : Today when we travel to Bittoor we can see Tamasa river).
On the way back from the river after his bath, he saw a beautiful solai/thottam and went there. In that garden there were two birds.
One hunter killed one of the bird. Valmiki was upset seeing one of the two birds being killed. Immediately he said a beautiful slogam - "Manishaatha".
मा निषाद प्रतिष्ठाम्त्व | मगमः शाश्वतीः समाः |यत् क्रौङ्च मिथुनात् एक | मवधीः काम मोहितम् || १-२-१५ - slogam : 1-2-15
Intha slogam lerunthu than Ramanyanam vitthittathu. This is the slogam which was the seed for Ramanyanam. "Manishaatha..." - First slogam written by Valmiki.
On seeing one of the bird being killed, Valmiki said "Vedane nangu iruntha paravaiyai poi adithaye. Unnaku yella amangalam, theemai yellam undagattum " nu sabhithuvittar. For just a birds sake, a great Rishi had irakkam and karunai.
Sanatana Dharma - Basic is Irakkam - Ozhukkam - Way of Living
As per sanatana dharma what we say "Ahimsa" is one of the dharma - Manathalo, udalalo, sollalo yaraiyum thunbhuruthakkoodathu. If we follow this, slowly yogam valarum. We all wanted to do yogam/dhyanam(Mediate), but we are unable to mediate due to lack of concentration. If we follow the basics automatically yogam and dynam kai koodum. Thirudar became a Rishi. How did this happen ? From the beginning he did not tell lies, then later he stopped stealing/robbing from others. He was full of irakkam to all jeeva rashi's, Daya, manitha neyam, jeeva Karunyam. Don't trouble any living being.. even a bird. A rishi who has left everything. The dharma's basic is IRAKKAM. Kovam padama, bayam padama,thittuvathuillai, adikarthillai,iniya sol than pesanunum,manam nenainthu irukkanam, kadumaiyana sol pesakudathu, Varattu thanama irukka kudathu, Yerangi urangaravan than bhaktan. Iyarkaiyaga vara thunbham parthu oru bhakthan bayapadamatta, rombha uruthiya iruppan. Ana intha mathiri oru paravaikaga karunai yoda urugugirar Valmiki.
Key Takeaway 4. The basic of all dharma is irakkam.
Valmiki back at his Ashram in Bittoor
Valmiki came back to his Ashram from the thottam with baradwajar. We can visit this Ashram of Valmiki where he came and sat down.
If we climb the tall tower at Valmiki ashram, we can see the entire bittoor from there - ganga river, tamasa river and in the ashram - Valmiki, Sita devi, Lav-kush.
Valmiki upset since he wasn't polite
After coming back Valmiki was little upset because the first slogam he sung was full of amangalam. Instead of saying "Mangalam Undaguga" he had to say "Amangalam Undagattum" in his first slogam. He checked and found that the slogam is perfect with respect to grammar - Yezuthu, Seer, Thalai, adi , thodai. So valmiki was very upset that he ended up writing a slogam scolding someone instead of using good words.
Brahma at Valmiki's Ashram
At that time 4 faced Brahma entered the Valmiki ashram in Bittoor. Earlier when Brahma was forming the earth, Brahma came to earth and kept his first step on earth at bittoor and the place is called "Brahmavartham" which we saw earlier.
Now Brahma came again to meet Valmiki and this time he wanted to give Ramayanam which is nothing but the 4 veda's. Brahma asked - "Valmiki ..why are you upset ? what is the reason for your sadness. You are a great rishi and you sing well. What is the problem ?". Valmiki said - "I sung a slogam and it is perfect as per grammar, but it does not contain polite words"
Ramanin Padayil - what does it mean ? (Ozhukkam - Way of Living)
Mangalamana Iniya varthai solla vendum that is what Ram likes. Ramanin padayil means - 1 - Unmai pesa vendum 2 - Thiruda kudathu 3 - Pirar porulukku asai pada kudathu 4 - Yella jeeva rasigalodeyum irrakathoda irukkanam 5 - Iniya sorkkal than pesa vendum If we follow these basic principles we shall raise to great heights. Santana Dharmam explains many things like going to temple, rituals etc. But the basics of Sanatana Dharmam is to follow individual man's discipline as explained by the above principles. Then only one shall attain great heights and azukku(wrong intentions) in our hearts will go. Slogam at Thamasa river by Valmiki - "Ramaneeyam.." अकर्दमम् इदम् तीर्थम् भरद्वाज निशामय |
रमणीयम् प्रसन्न अम्बु सन् मनुष्य मनो यथा || १-२-५ Slogam 1-2-5
Meaning of the above slogam explained as follows. Virtuous people's mind is clear like the river water in Ganga, tamasa. This clarity in mind is because of Irakkam and the intention that everyone needs to be good.
Key Takeaway 5. Following foot steps of Ram means the following
Valmiki was upset since he said "Amangalam Yerpadattum". Brahma said "Due to my blessings and as per my order Saraswati sat on your tongue and guided you to say those slogam". Valmiki said "Why did you make her to say the slogam which had impolite words." Brahma said "You are thinking it has wrong intention and impolite words.. wait i will tell you the meaning of that slogam"
Meaning which Valmiki thought "Vedane, ne yeppa rendu paravaigalil ondrai adithayo 100 100 aandugalukku unnaku nanmaiye undagamal pogatum"
Meaning explained by Brahma "Mahalakshmiyai thiru marbil kondu irukkum Srinivasa Perumalluku vanakkam. Intha slogam Kadavul vanakkam, bhagavad vandanam. Neer yen sapam nu ninaitheer. Ramanum Seethaiyum rendu paravaigal, oru paravaiyai adika vanthan Ravanan yennum vedan, antha Ravananai azhithar Lakshmi yai thiru marbil kondu irukku Srinivasan SriyaPathi Thirumal. Antha thirumalluku vanakam".
Vadamozhi surprises us with such great meanings for those slogam.
Brahma asked Valmiki to treat this slogam as the first slogam and start writing Ramayanam with 24000 slogam with 7 kandam. 600 + sargam.
Brahma says Slogam - "Yaavath..."
यावत् स्थास्यन्ति गिरयः सरितः च महीतले || १-२-३६
तावत् रामायण कथा लोकेषु प्रचरिष्यति | Slogam - 1-2-36
यावत् रामस्य च कथा त्वत् कृता प्रचरिष्यति | १-२-३७
meaning "Suryan Chandran, himachalam, Gangai yevvalavu naal logathil irukkumo, neer padum ramayanamum umathu pugazhum mangamal irukkum. Sing Ramayanam" said Brahma. As per Brahma's order and blessings Valmiki started to sing Ramayanam.
Lav-Kush learning Ramayanam from Valmiki
Later Valmiki taught them to Lav and Kush - Sita's sons. He taught them with 7 swaram with veenai in a manner to sing and talk and meditate. Both the kids went around singing Ramayana. Ramanyanam is famous for the isai, saptha swaram, gana sirappu.
Doubts we have
Now the doubts we have in our mind are below. 1-Did music exist those days ? 2-Is Ramayanam Iyal(prose) or Isai(music) ? 3-What is the greatness of the music in ramayanam ? Let us try to find answers through from a discussion between Velukkudi Krishnan and Sri Vijaya Shiva.
Question and answer session with Sri Vijay Shiva - Singer Carnatic Music
Q - First doubt is Ramayanam Iyal la or Isai ya ?
Ans - Doubts need to arise and only when doubts are clarified it would give way to great thoughts. Slokam -"Patye Keye sa..."
Paduvatharku migavum yelimaiyaga irukkum Sanatana Dharmathai Valmiki iyattrinar. Sanathana Dharmam's basic is bhakthi and music. So Ramayanam was created in musical form. But we do parayanam in Iyal form for convenience related to time. It was taught to Lav-kush in musical form only. Lav - kush were great musicians. All the sages who heard them singing blessed the kids understanding the meaning of the songs they sung. Ramayanam and music is something which cannot be separated.
Q - What is the relationship between isai and bhakthi Ilakiyam's ?
Ans - As per Veda, Sanatana Dharma's Crux is Mukthi through Bhakthi. Sanatana means Anadhi(no beginning) similarly bhakthi, mukthi, atma are also anadhi. Bhakthi will lead us to mukthi only when it helps one person to concentrate towards bhagwan. Music is a great way to help in concentration. This can be seen for both the musician and the audience. One can feel the positive vibration when listening to a kutchery and the divine feeling. After the kacheri is over that divine feeling drops. But if our way of life is itself inline with music then that drop in the diving feeling woudn't be there. The mind will be in that excited state of thinking bhagawan always because of the music. Key Takeaway 6. Sanatana Dharma's Crux is Mukthi through Bhakthi
Q - How did Lav-kush sang those 24000 songs ? How much time did it take for them ? How did they learnt it ? Who all sat and heard that ? Did people listen to it with patience ?
Ans - Ram along with all the people in his kingdom, ministers, Rishi, Senapati listened to Lav-kush when they sang in the Raj Darbar.
As Ram was listening, he started to miss Sita(Sita was in Valmiki ashram). Kama Sugam is experienced in privacy. But music, upanyasam, perumal sevikarthu all these are joyful only when experienced in public as a big crowd. Even andal says "koodi irunthu kuleerinthu..." Everyone is listening and Ram is sitting alone on the thrown. Ram is sad that Sita is not around and he could not enjoy this great music with her. Valmiki explains this in a sloga on how Ram listened to Lav-kush "sa sabi ramaha..."
Ram slowly moved from his simhasan in a manner that no one noticed and he went and sat along with the people between them. Ram was playing the thalam on another person's thigh, another person was playing the thalam on Ram's thigh. After the kutchery was over, Ram wasn't there in the simmasanam. With such great joy, happiness they have all listened to that kutchery. Because of the happiness that kutchery brought, the patience comes automatically. One needs patience only when they have to do something which is difficult. But when one is experiencing joy why do they need patience. Everyone forgot about the sarira/body and were filled with athma Sugam while they were listening to lav-kush. Valmiki tells this in Uttara kandam sloka "Divase vimsat i..." oru nalakkaiku 20 sargam, 32 days 645 sargam was sung. Duration of the Kutchery - Everyday after finishing his rajya karyam Ram and everyone used to assemble at 9 AM and listen till lunch
and again the kutchery continued next day morning. This is the way Ramayanam was sung and everyone had experienced that joy. This is possible even today to do ramayana parayanam in 32 days.
Q - All the carnatic composers have sung about Ram. Arunagiri nadar a great murugan devotee has sung about ram in his first thirupugazh, Ramalinga adigalar devotee of Parameshwaran has sung about ram. Why Ram didn't sing ? There are references that he enjoyed music as Ram was referred as "gana lola, sangeetha lola" but why didn't Ram sing or play any instrument ?
Ans - Ram enjoyed the music is something we understood from the above story. Ram did knew Sangeetham. Valmiki says that when Ram talks it is like singing. For example - when a great singer cries too, it will be suswaram and will not be abaswaram. This is explained here. Gopika's missed Kannan and they were looking for him and they cried but that sound was full of suswaram. Even the crying sound had all the musical elements and was a suswaram not abaswaram. "Pattu therinthava azhutha swarathoda padinapola irukkum. Pattu theriyathavan padinale azharapole irukkum" used to say my father. Ram was a chakravarthy. So he enjoyed the music. Even kannan played pulanguzhal while he was in Gokulam and not when he was king of Dwaraka. One cannot perform two responsibilities successfully at the same time. There are instances of Raja who were great singers but they concentrated in one at any point of time. Hence Raja Raman didn't sing. He appreciates Hanuman singing, lav-kush singing. He is Chakravarthy Thirumagan and "Rajya karyam" taking care of his people is important. So he was concentrating more as a Raja.
Q - Has Raman prescribed anything for musicians like us ? Are there any references in Ramayna on how should a Raja treat his musicians ?
Ans - Raja needs to respect and take care of his great musicians. Kambar and Valmiki in the beginning of Ramayanam explains about ayodhya. They say that Ayodhya was a kingdom which appreciated and took great care of its musicians. Bharathan comes to Chitrakut to request Ram to come back to Ayodhya. Bharathan hasn't yet told about the demise of his father to Ram. Ram assumes that Bharathan's pattabhishekan has happened and in the Ayodhya kandam 100th sargam Ram questions Bharathan on how he is taking care of the kingdom. The questions asked by Ram to Bharatham includes the following .. 1 - Are you continuing with same mantri's or changing them often ?. 2 - Are you refraining talking about the anthapuram details in the RajyaSabha ? 3 - Are you leaving the matters related to RajyaSabha in the RajyaSabha before going to anthapuram ? 4 - Are you talking to ministers first as a group to get collective opinion and then speak to them separately to understand individual opinion ? 5 - Are you continuing with the same servants without changing them often ? 6 - Do you have atleast 4 people who are loyal to you and are ready to even sacrifice their life for you without asking any question ? So many questions like this are asked by Ram to Bharathan thinking he has been crowned. 7 - Do the artists in your kingdom, sing with devotion and bhakthi for bhagawan, with unselfish attitude ? 8 - Does your kingdom have all artists ? 9 - Is the money in your gajana(treasury) spent for those artists and does those artist without expecting anything in return do they sing/dance with pure mind ? From those questions asked by Ram it is clear that music means mind need to concentrate, with purity, without expecting anything in return, with happiness, without selfishness. This kind of music will automatically turn into bhakthi and will lead to mukthi.
Q - Natham is an important terminology with musicians. A kutchery is also described "natha maiyamai irunthathu intha kutchery". Natham is usually compared and explained as Shiva or to Sankarar(Natha thanumausham..) , some places to ambal in Lalitha Sahasranamam, To murugan (Natha vinthu kalathi namo namo..) and it is not seen much for Ram. Why is Rama not seen in Nada vadivu or described as Nada vadivu?
Ans - Ram is not described as Nada vadivam, instead Rama Namam is described as Nada vadivam.
Sankaracharyar in the slokam "Janathi..thava
.."says "Parameswarane Rama naamathin magimai umakku than theriyum." this was the reason when Parvathi asked "keko payena .." Shiva said "Sri Rama Rama Ramethi..." Note that Shiva didn't say "Raman thiruvadiyai patru" instead he said "Rama namathai Sollu" . So more than Raman, Rama namam has more magimai. Rama Namam has the capability of even stopping life moving away from a body( Pora Uyirai Rama namam thaduthu niruthumam) Hence they say MrithaSanjeeviniyana rama namam. The Pramanam for this is in the Dyana Slogam of Ramayanam - "Kujantam rama rameti madhuram madhuraaksharam aaruhya kavitaa saakhaam vande valmiki kokilam "
which says "Rama Kathai rama namam ithai keta yar than mukthi adaiya mattan". So Rama kathai, Rama Natham , Rama Namam. So Rama Kathai and Rama Namam is Natham.
7. More than Raman, Rama namam has more magimai.
Q - Thyagaraja swamy was born and he lived for Ram. What does he talk about Ramayanam and these songs and about Ram ?
Ans - Thyagarajar does ramayanam parayanam every day. We beleive that Thyagarajar is Valmiki's avatharam. Valmiki wasn't satisfied of writing those 24000 slokas and he wanted to spread Ramayanam in the form of Keerthanai so Valmiki took an avatharam as Thyagaraja. The pramanam for this belief is found in his keerthanai itself. In the song "Seethamma.." he talks about all the relatives but does not talk about valmiki because he is none other than valmiki. Each of his Keerthanai is based on an incident. For e.g. Lava kush natha maiyama Ganam panna.. this is explained "Natho pastha.." same words as in Ramayana is used as "Thanthri nila swara raga ...".Sabari moksham "Yentha inne... bhagyamo Sabari" , Raman yeppadi Ravananoda sandai pottar in the song " thatti katti kara..." Ravananai thirutha panna yukthi la "Sarasa madanam..." the song meaning goes like "Hitama solli parthen ne ketkalai, ayodhya unnaku tharen dhanama, Un sagodharanukku adaikalam kuduthen athu mathiri unakku kodukaren, ithu yethuvum ketkalai athunala dhandanai kuduthen". Each of his keerthanai will be a reference to an incident in Ramayanam. This is Thygarajar's major contribution. That is why in a kutchery if we listen to Thygaraja Kriti's we are happy as if we have listened to Ramayanam.
Q - Ramayanam hindustani isai la pada pattu irukuma ? or carnatic music la pada pattu irukuma ? "Pramanes thribhi ranthitham" are the words in Ramayanam and commentators explain this as "vilambith, dhruth, madyam" which seem to be familiar words in Hindustani. So does this mean that Ramayanam used hindustani music ?
Ans - These words are common to indian music. "Vilamb kal" means slow speed, "madyama kal" means medium speed, Dhrutha kal means high speed. The hindustani and carnatic difference came in only after the Mughal invaded India. Muslims brought in the Persian influence and that got mixed to the music in northern region and got the name Hindustani. Here in south it came to be known as carnatic .. where carnatakam means "Pazhamaiyana Sangeetham". Ramar kalathula india full la ore music and it has to be carnatic music since persian influence wasn't there at that time. The music which was there during Ramar's time have changed over time which is true. But the entire desam had one music type only.
Q - Do people sing Valmiki or kamba ramayana songs/pasuram in kutchery nowadays ? Will that interest people and will they listen ?
Ans - Singing pasuram from ramayana is not yet in practice. We musicians get the satisfaction of singing ramayanam in these krithi's and yet to explore beyond that.
Ramayanam in various avatar's In Brahma's satyaloka, ramayana was 100 crore slogam. That has come down as 24000 slogam in Valmiki Ramayanam and has been 10000+ songs in kamba ramayanam , great music composers have sung them as many Krithi's. Like how Bhagawan takes many avataram's, even ramayanam takes many forms/avatharams.
Q - In an upanyasam, we try to explain the source slogam's based on many commentaries. In a kutchery you sing the original song as is. The listeners get involved and listen to it with passion. How is this possible in a music kutchery ?
Ans - More than musician making it possible, it is the sangeetham which makes it possible. 4 reasons - purity of the note(Swara sutham), rhythmic content(layam ), Tonal power to deliver which is applicable for human voice or an instrument(Sarira balam), Hrudaya bhavam. Even if two of these four is good then it makes the listeners to sit for more than 4 hours. In addition to it, i would like to add that if the singer sings by understanding the meaning then it would become a deva ganam and as told in Ramayanam music is a Moksha sadhanam for both the listener and the singer. This makes us understand that sangeetham is beyond language.
Let us all get ready to celebrate Rama Jananam in the next episode.
ஸர்வம் ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்
Sri Ramanin Padhayil - Episode 05 - May 19 2013
"Paritranaya sadhunam vinashaya cha dushkritam. Dharma sansthapanarthaya sambhavami yuge yuge" Lines from Bhagvath Gita.. that loosely translate as “For the up-liftment of the good and virtuous, For the destruction of evil, For the re-establishment of the natural law, I will come, in every age”..... This slogam from Gita explains the need for bhagwan's avataram - Sadhukalai rakshikka, Dushtargalai mudippatharkaga.
Sri Ramanin Padayil
Ramavatharam has special mention. Ram means satyam, nermai, nithanam, shanthi, Karunai. This is what comes in mind when we think about Ram. Everyone likes a person with these characters and the life becomes very blissful. To find a good role model and follow his foot steps is a great feeling. To follow Ram's foot steps is the greatest happiness. Ramanin Padhayil meaning - the way he lived and the path he travelled. From Ayodhya till Rameshwaram - Ram has walked. Raman Nadantha Padhayil - Culturally, Geographically, Philosophically - We need to follow Ram along all the above lines. Key Takeaway1. Raman Nadantha Padhayil - Culturally, Geographically, Philosophically - We need to follow Ram along all the above lines
Ram lived in Ayodhya and in the end he took bath in Sarayu river in the place called Guptar Ghat and started his journey back to Vaikuntam. There was no one in Ayodhya since most of them left to Vaikuntam with Ram. Lav-Kush were there in Ayodhya and they happened to rebuild this city. Sarayu river adds greatness to Ram's ayodhya. We are now seeing the river Sarayu and the gopuram behind us is the Guptar Ghat.
Rahasyamaga Raman maraintha idam. Sarayu nadhiyil irangi Raman Vaikuntam pona idam. If someone close to us depart, usually the place is filled with Olam, azhugai and sadness. But when Ram left from Ayodhya that was not the case. People should have been sad on Ram leaving to Vaikuntam. But that was not the case because Ram took everyone who was living in Ayodhya to Vaikuntam with him. This is surprising.
Nammazhvar confirms this by saying in the pasuram Tiruvaimozhi - Centum : 7-5, pasuram 7.5.1 , 3497
Slogam - Apadam apa hantharam datharam dana sarva sampadam,
Lokabhiramam Sriramam bhooyo bhooyo namamyaham.,
I again and again salute that Rama who is ever beautiful,
Who destroys all dangers and gives all sorts of wealth.
As part of Sri Rama Anuyatra in Day 2 we are in Ayodhya. Azhwar padiya Divya Desangalil oru mukiyamana kshetram. Mukthi alikum Kshethrathil Mudal Kshetram. Ayodhya, Madhura, Maya, Kasi, Kanchi, Avanthika, Dwaravathi - Intha 7 Shetrangalum mukthi tharum Kshetram. Ayodhya is the first in the list.
Note : These 7 mukthi sthalam represents different part of the body of Sriman Narayanan. Avanthi is represented as the divine feet, Thiruvadi of the perumal, Kachipuram, represents the waist, Thirudwaraka represents the Nabhi (the lower stomach), Maya represents the Thiru maarbhu (the chest) Madhura represents the neck, Kasi represents the nose and finally, this Ayodhya Kshetram represents the Head of the perumal.
Ayodhya is one of seven holy places for Hindus in India, with Varanasi the most sacrosanct:
Ayodhyā Mathurā Māyā Kāsi Kāñchī Avantikā I Purī Dvārāvatī chaiva saptaitā moksadāyikāh II—Garuḍa Purāṇa I XVI .14A Kṣetra is a sacred ground where Moksha can be obtained. The Garuda Purana enumerates seven cities as sources of Moksha: Ayodhya, Mathura, Māyā (Haridwar), Kāsi (Varanasi), Kāñchī, Avantikā (Ujjain), and Dvārāvatī (Dvārakā). Key Takeaway 2. Ayodhya is one of the 7 mukthi sthalam
Before going inside Ayodhya, Ramanai yethir parthu nindra Sarayu nadhi karaikku vanthullom.Inda Nadhi Ayodhi pattinathuke perumai serkirathu. I antha nadhiyin south side ayodhi pattinam amainthullathu.
Sarayu nadhiyin peyar karanam :
Sarayu Nadhiki 3 mukiyamana Thirunamangal - vashisti, Nethraja, Sarayu. Nethraja : Nethram - Eyes - Bhagawanin thiru kangalil irunthu avanodaiya karunai vellamaga purappataval than intha nadhi. Perumalin Kanngalil irunthu purappattu , brahmavin manathu muzhuka ival nirainthal. Sarayu - Manasarovar - Sarovar means kulam. - This is in HImachal - Another meaning is Oru oru adiyavanin manathilum bhagawanin bakhthi neraigirathu. Athuve Manasarovar. Manase oru kulam athanal athu Manasarovar. Vashisti - The karunai from Bhagawan is with Brahma, athuve Brahma Manasarowar agi adiyargal nainmaikaga vashistarale intha bhooulagukku azhaithu vara pattathu. Brahmavin manasarowathil irunthu piranthathal - Sarayu yendru rendavathu peyar. Vashisti - Vashistacharyar Ishvagu vamsathu seermaikaga ayodhyin sirappugkaga, agayathil irundu kuttikondu vanthathal Vashisti.
Sarayu Nadhi - Sirappu
1. Indha nadhiku thani sirappe rama sambhandam. Ramanukku vegu natkal munbhagave Sarayu nadhi undu. Raman Sarayu nadhiyil niradi avanudaiya anushtanangal anaithaiyum seivanam. We are here at that nadhi today. 2. Indha nadhiyin sirappu - intha nadhi karayil yentha dhanam, dharma panninalum athu pan madangu palan kudukkum. 3. Sarayu nadhi karaiyil seiyum Go Dhanathukku Thani vaibhavam. Oru Pasu, oru Kandrukutti, athan valai pidithu Udagadara poorvagamaga.. athavathu thaneer yeduthu valil serthu nam pithrukalai nenaivil vaithukkondu dhanam maga kodukirom. Ithu nam kudumbathil irukkkum anaivarukkum nanmai seiyum. Bhagawan Dharma Sasthrathil Go Dhanam Seiyavendum yendru Vithikkirar. So dharmathin padi nam seithom yendru perumalin ullathil thiruppthi yerpadum. Bhagawan thiruullam thiruppthi yerpattal pirpadu yethu than nammakku nadakathu. Bhakthi yoda, pitrukalai ninaithu kondu, Sarayu vaibhavathaiyum manathil kondu ingu Go dhanam saivathu siranthathu. Ippadi sarayu nadhiyin sirappugalai pala vithathilum nam parthom.
Sarayu - Path of the river Now lets see where does Sarayu start and where does it go. From North she comes down to south, near ayodhya sarayu turns towards east, runs around ayodhya then runs towards east in full speed... When crossing a place called Chapra, in that place Ganga, Sarayu Sangamam. On the banks of Gautama Ashramam Gangai Sarayu Sangamam happens.
Puniya nadhi Snanam First day we took bath in Ganga, today in Sarayu. Whichever river joins Ganga, after joining it will be referred as ganga only. Today we had the Bhagyam of having darshan of Sarayu. From here let us go inside Ayodhya Nagar and Ramachandranai Seivipom, Ramayanathil irukkum idam yevidam ullathu yendru parpom.
After finishing Parikrama and darshan of Sarayu we are inside Ayodhya. Let us first visit Dasaratha Bhavanam. Ram/Lakshmanai petru kuduthavar - Dasarathan. Called as Dasarath Bhavan or Dasaratha Mahal.
Upanyasam at Dasaratha Bhavan
We are at Ayodhya. "Yothum na shakya ithi ayodhya " No one can fight against ayodhya, ayodhya has not lost. Surya Vamsam is the kulam of ram Surya - vivasvan Kulasegaran pasuram - "Vengathiron kulathikkor ..." Kannan - Chandra kulam, ayarkulathil thondru ani villaku.. Ram was born to Kausalya - "Kausalya supraja..." After 60,000 years Dasaratham and Kausalya had Ram. Vaikuntam's one part ayodhya vaga sthapika patathu. Very Ancient place.. though the buildings have changed but still Ayodhya is Ayodhya. We need to sing "pallandu " just for the name Ayodhya itself. People here chant Rama namam always. Bhagwan selected dasarathan to be his parents. Ram-Sita came to this place first when they came from mithila. Dasarathan means - 10 disaigal leyum than therai seluthakudiya vallamai padaithavan. Dasarathan moksham ponatha charithram illai.. he has only gone to sorgum. None of his 4 sons were there when Dasarathan died. Bhagawanukku thanthaiyaga irunthal kuda avan avan karmathinamaga janmathai yedukiran, pirappum irappum nadakinrana.
We are celebrating Ramanujar thiruavatharam now. We discussed about Ramayanam and the musical connection earlier. Let us try to understand Valmiki Ramayanam.
Valmiki Ramayanam Details
Details on the number of slogam, kaandams, sargam's are as follows. Sundara kaandam - anaivarukkum pidithathu, migavum uyaranthathu. Addition's are also part of the parayanam at times.
Don't get surprised that it is around 24000 slogam. In brahma's Satya logam - "Satha Koti pravishramana " Ramayanam irukkam. 100 Crore slogam konda ramayanam which Brahma can read for his life time and skill. For us that looks impossible.That is why Brahma he himself, triggered Saraswati and pushed Valmiki to write this Ramayanam which is a short form of that Ramayanam which is in Satya Logam which we all can do the parayanam. Brahma intha Sriramanyanathai koduthullar, yeppothum ithan perumai nilaikkum. Ramayanam irukkum varai Valmiki sirappu irukkum nu parthom.
Athe pola Gayathri Ramayanam.. these are slogam's from Valmiki ramayanam. Gayathri is 24 letters.. and Ramayanam slogam is 24000. First slogam is "Tapsaya..." Valmiki Naradaridathe pesa thodangina slogam. This slogam starts with Tha.. Gayatri starts with Tha.. If we count in 1000 and check the first letter of those slogams it would be in the same order of the 24 letters in the gayatri. So people say that Gayatri mantram has born in the form of Ramayanam. More on Gayatri Ramayanam - http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Gayathri_Ramayanam
Tamil - Kamba Ramayanam around 10000 slogam. Therrezhundur .. aa maruvi appanoda aasthanam.
Indrum Kambarukku azhagana Mandapam. Avar kalam - 1180 to 1250. Kambar Valmiki ramayanathai nandraga padithar. Athan adipadayil karuthugalai azhagaga sonnen nu sollugirar. Slogam - " Deva padaiyin .." Deva Bhashayil - 3 per Ramayanam padinargal - Valmiki, Vashistar, Bodhayanar. Of those three the first one written by Valmiki and on that basis i have written Kamba Ramayanam.
Kamba Ramayanam - Iniya thamizh, konjum thamizh, theen thamizh, Sen Thamizh. We all should read Kamba ramayanam. We shall see references to Kamba Ramayanam even in this series. Compose music and one can listen to it too. Kambar Says "Pithar sonnavum, pethaiyar sonnavum, patthar sonnavum, ..." Meaning - pithar sonnathu, kuzhanthai sonnathu, bhakthar sonnathu yellam perisa yeduthuka vendam. Yen Bhakthinala padinen" Naan periya pulavan lam illai.. Naan Seithen yendru periya pular kuda sollarthu illai. Bhagawan arulale seithen.. Naan oru karuvi bhagawan aruli yennaku irukkum bhakthi nala padinen. Migavum achariyamana padalgal and antha kamba ramayanam Srirangam mettu azhagiya singar sannadhiku munnal, thayar sannadhiku munnal arangettrapattadhu.
Vadaku vasal vazhiye ulle nuzhainthal kambar arangetru mandapam parkalam. This happened during Natha muni's time. Kambar came to sing.. but no one listened or accepted it easily. At that time .. last portion -- Vibhishanan ravananukku nallathu yeduthu sollarar.. "ippadithan ravana hiranyakasipu narasinga perumal kitta abhacharam pattar..kadaisila thoonai pilanthu kondu narasinganai piranthar nu hiranyavathai padalam which is there only in Kamba ramayanam and not in Valmiki Ramayanam. During that time - the mettu azhagiya singa perumal ha ha ha nu siricharam. Arugil irunthavargal yellarum ithu pramanam yetrukkola vendum nu ninaitharam. "Yenniya sagaptham 707 mel sadaiyan vazhu... panguni attha naal arangan mune ...." Arangan mune arangetriya Kamba ramayanam.
Rama Charitha Manas
Vadake - Rama charitha manas Thulasi dasar padinathu - time 1532 - 1623 , Born in UP near Rajpur, mostly in varanasi he has written Rama Charitha Manas. Made of Chaupayi - 4 line padal and Doha - 2 line doha. He started writing on SriRama Navami. Rama Charitha Manas - Manas means periya yeri(tank), kulam(pond). Rama Kathai Niranthu irukkum Kulam.
Idan adipadaiyil than in Ramanin padayil parka porom. Though Ramayanam looks big when we go to each places we shall understand it better. Parpom...
ஸர்வம் ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்
Sri Ramanin Padhayil - Episode 06 - May 26 2013
Jai Sita Ram Jai Hanuman
Yatra at Ayodhya. Stay for yatra people at Ayodhya Birla mandir also called as Birla Dharmasala. North india has lot of these public dharmasala with less rent, common pond, well, common place to stay, annadana sathiram, samuga koodam. These help to stay together. Today we are artificially staying in isolated manner. When we go on a yatra what we have found is everyone makes attempt to stay together.
Vashista kundathil vashistachariar Raman, Lakshmanan muthala nalvarukku kalvi karpitha idam. This place is very closer to Ram janma bhoomi. Before the age of 12 the brothers finished their studies. From the first floor if we come down, we see idols of Vashistar and Ram, Lakshman and brothers. Saptha Rishi are here in this places. Vashistar - Ishit means pulan, vashistar means pulan adaka theerinthavar. One who can controls his senses. Arundati his wife - meaning yenga dharma nadakarthai thaduka mattal. One who does not stop dharma activities. If we climb down in that building, we can see the Vashista Kund and the water from Saraya directly comes here. The level of water in Sarayu and Vashista kund is always the same. When we climb up we can see the place where dasarath did the puthira kameshti yagam. There is one Yaga Salai in Vashista kund.
20KM From Ayodhya there is a place called Makauda Ghat. Makam mean yagam. i.e puthira kameshti yagam. This is on the banks of river Sarayu.Yagam nadakarthu - RishyaShringar nadathi vaikirar. Yagathil irunthu oru periya purushar varugirar. Avar kaiyil thanga(gold) kudathil payasam.
Dasarathar distributing the Payasam to his three wives
Dasarathar Payasam vangi than moodru manaiviyarukku kudukirar. Order and quantity of the payasam given... The payam was divided into two portions 1/2 - first Kausalya The remaining was again divided into two portions 1/4 - second Sumithra The remaining was again divided into two portions 1/4/2 - third Kaikeyi 1/4/2 - again sumithra
But that was not the order they ate. the order was they drank was Kausalya - She ate first Kaikeyi - Nammku ilavarasi pattam kattum magan pirakkatum nu undal. Sumithra - She ate both at the same time. Ramanukku thondu puriya oru magan, Ramanukku Bhakthan (Bharathan) avanukku thondu puriya oru magan. iraivanukku thondu puriya oru magan, iraivan adiyarukku adiyarraga thondu puriya mattroru magan. Yenna aval uyarntha yennam. After 12 month of Garba vasam - Rama Jananam.
Ram Janma Bhoomi
Sriraman avatharikka pogiran. Ram janma bhoomi yendru sonna vudan anaivarin mugathilum santhosam. "Ram Lala" yendru azhaika padugiran. Thretha yugathil avatharithavan Ramapiran. Periya aranmanai. Ayodhi pattinam perithaga irunthathu,indru chinnathu. We cannot take camera, mobile phone inside Ram janma bhoomi. In a way better, since our mind can concentrate on Raman. Lot of items to buy related to Ram when we enter Ram janma bhoomi. Lot of security check is done. Ramanidhathil yenna ketpathu - mukthi, bhakthi. We should not ask for materialistic things related to this world. We should ask for more knowledge about Ram. Probably the checking is done to check,for what are we going inside for. Why this thought arise ? If we see the monkeys, they are free and they roam around ayodhya. These monkeys have better freedom, probably Monkeys have pure Ram bhakthi. Lot of security and soldier, probably due to Ram being - Chakravarthy Thirumagan.
Ram LALA - RAM Janma Bhoomi
First is Ram lala - Ram's koodaram. Chinna chinna thirumeni of Bharathan, Lakshmanan, Satrugnan, Dasarathan which has been there for many ages.
Parayanam of Rama Janana Sarkam
Let us all do the parayanam of the Rama Janana Sarkam thinking we are in Ram Janma Bhoomi. Bala Kaandam - sargam 18 - 10 slogam. We should all make neer mor, panagam today because of Rama Jananam. Ram is chakravarthy he already had everything so he kept things simple with neer mor and panagam. Krishna was a playful growing boy so we make all those varied batchanams which we make during Krishna jayanthi.
There us huge difference in the way temples are in south india and north india. South Indian temples have varied architecture(chola,pallava), varied utsavam all through the year (theppotsavam, poochathi utsavam,brahmotsavam, vasanthoutsavam), varied pooja, lots of flower malai ,different types of prasadam and many such things. In North india Dharsanam is same from morning till evening. Sayana arathi, mangala arathi, bhoga arathi, Raj bhog like that various types of arathi during the day. The way of showing bhakthi is different and we don't need to expect all that which is there in south India. Intha bhoomi puniya bhoomi , antha bhoomiyai theenduvathileye nam pavam tholaigirathu. Sarayu - puniya nadhi kulithal puniyam pogum. Intha yennam yathiraiyin pothu rombha mukiyam.
Dhanam during Yatra
Yatirai sellum pothu angange dhanam seiyavendum. Puniya bhoomiyil dhanam seithal, athan palan pala madangu. Key Takeaway 1. Dhanam need to be done during yatra since Dhanam at punya kshetram has many fold benefits.
Is this ram janma bhoomi ?
Doubts will araise asking is this the place lakshman stayed ( lakshman bhavan), is this exactly the place where ram was born ? Can you prove this ? Answer is Irukkalam, kala pokil satru mariyum irukkalam. Athanal yenna vanthathu. Ayodhya place is still the same. It is a puniya bhoomi. If there is a sage in a place.. his impact will be felt for miles like how a flower blossoms and fragrance is spread everywhere. Similarly Ram's fragrance is spread everywhere in ayodhya. Ithu puniya bhoomi and yathiraiku vanthu irukkom. This is more important. We can see lot of sadhu/sanyasi who live there do parikrama, they have no money and they live happily with what they get. Bairagi - Ragam means aasai, Viragam - aasai atra thanmai pattratra thanmai, Bairagi - pattratru irukkumavar. Bharathan is a good example for Bairagi.
Rahasyam behind the birth of the 4 brothers - Ram
There is a rahasyam in the birth of these 4 brothers. Not for killing ravan. Ram jananam is to live by example, to show that one has to be obedient and respectful with elders and follow their orders. One has to follow the orders of his brother, kula guru, father, mother. All these rules had changed and were not followed in Thretha yugam. So Raman was upset and he came down to show to people by being a living example. Appa namma kali yugathai patri pesave vendam, vedikkaiyaga pogum. Kali yugam is worse in following those principles. It is more important and relevant for these days and this yuga to know more about Ramayanam. Raman Avathataram - periyavavar solluvathai illaayar ketkavendum yenbathai nilai nirutha.
Rahasyam behind the birth of the 4 brothers - Bharathan
Bharathan avataram explains parathanthiryam in detail.. "Parathanthriyam" - Bhagawanukku jeevatma adangiyavar. Perumanin thiruvullam padi than jeevatma nadaka vendum. Namathalla sotthu, namai nam kattukollla kudathu(we don't belong to us and we need not take care of us). Peruman yengu irukka sollugiraro angu irukka vendum. Bharathan appadi thane irunthan. Bharathan pirapin ragasiyam athu than, avar appadi than vazhnthar. Bharathan avataram to explain jeevatma to follow orders of paramatma.
Rahasyam behind the birth of the 4 brothers - Lakshmanan
Lakshmananai parthomanal - thondu thondu thondu. Panividai Panividai panividai, Kainkaryame panni kondu irukkavendum - udalal(body), ullathal(mind), mozhiyal(langauge) Rama kainkaryathil idupada vendum. Ithu than lakshmananodaiya avathara karanam - to serve Bhagawan by all means.
Rahasyam behind the birth of the 4 brothers - Satrugnan
Kadaisiyaga kadaikutti - Satrugnan - avanudaiya nokkam Irai adiyavanukku adiyavanaga irukka vendum. Thondarrukku Thondaraga irukka vendum. anaithu thondugalaiyum Bharathanukku satrugnan seithar. Satrugnan - serve the people who serve God. Intha uyarntha achariyamana arthathai purinthu kondom.
Key Takeaway 2. Secret behind Ram’s birth is to lead by example to show us how we should live. He showed us that we should respect elder’s words. 3. Secret behind Bharath’s birth is to show that a jeevatma’s role is to follow the orders of the Paramatma 4. Secret behind Lakshman’s birth is to serve Bhagawan by all means 5. Secret behind Satrugnan’s birth is to serve the people who serve God.
Raman must have thought for how long will Lakshman follow me and my footsteps..For a change let Lakshmanan go first and i will follow him.
Probably that is the reason why Lakshmanan went to Vaikuntam first and then Ram followed him. Raman illa intha poo ulagathil Lakuvanan irunthathu illai. Raman punarvasu natchathirathil pirantha pinnar piranthan Lakshmanan ayilya natchathiram.Purapattu pogum pothu, Ramanai vaikuntathil varaverka vendum yenbadarkaga munne sendran. Lakshman wanted to welcome Ram in Vaikuntam and didn't want to stay in this earth without Ram so he went to Vaikuntam before Ram from Lakshman Ghat and Ram followed Lakshmanan for a change.
Lakshman ayodhi pattinathai neethu, vaikuntam purapatta idam Lakshman Ghat. Sarayu nadhiyil athan karaiyil ippothu naam ullom. intha idathuke sirappu perumanukku thondu puribhavan, adiyavan, adiyavanukku adiyavan yendru yellam sarayu nadhiyin allaigal nam kadthil aabarakinrana. Sarayu nadhiyin ottamo, alaiyin sathamo alla. Perumanukku adimai thanam purivathu yeppadi yeppadi yeppadi yendru namakku solli kudukka kudiya oli than nam kathugalukku yetuginrana. Lakshman ghat til irukkakudiya Raman, Seethai , lakshmanan, hanuman avargalai seivitthu kolluvom.. suvaiyaga kannuku virunthum, kathuku virunthhum kittatum.
Slogam "yatra yatra raGhunAtha keerthanam tatra tatra krta mastakAnjalim | BhAShpavAri paripoorNa lOchanam mAruthim namatha rAkShasAnthakam ||" Wherever the name and glory of lord Shri Ram is chanted, Shri HanumAn, the destroyer of evils and demons, appears there with folded hands and tears of joy
Rama namathai sollikondu, yeppothum "jai ram, seetha ram, Jai jai ram , rama rama hare hare rama rama .." rama namathai sollikondu irukka vendum. Slogam - Snehoma..
"achuvai perinum venden aragama nagarulale.." Thondaradipodi azhwar padal antha hanuman ingu than ippothhum yezhunthu aruliirukkirar. anal migavum kattu kaval(security). Hanumanin intha gatikule sulabhathil sella mudiyathu.. naam poi bhakthargal seivithu varalam. Agaiyal nam anaivarum manasale ulle selvom. Naduvil Anchaneyar yezhunthu arulivullar, migavum achariyamana thirumeni. Anal mugam mattum than namakku darisanam agum, thalayil kireedam, neraiya pusha malaigal sathikondu iruppar.Hanumanukaga inge dina padiye homam nadakarthu. Yagna salai ullathu. Yethanai perukku annadhanam nadakarthu. Niraiya bhogam(Prasadam). Dina padi anchaneya swami sappitundu irukkar. While Hanuman was serving Ram he starved and served him. Probably today he is taking rest with lots of food. Everyone wants to have darshan again and again. There are lots of sweet stall with so many variety of sweets.Athu yellam vangindu mele poi neiveidhyam panni, nambha kitta prasadhamaga thirupi kudukirargal. The travellers who had daibetics too enjoyed those sweets since the walking in the yatra kept the diabetics under control.
We saw Hanuman gadi and many places in ayodhya today and more places like Kanaka Bhavan, ammaji mandhir to be seen next week... Raman thiruvadigal Vazhi, seetha ramargal potri, ini kanaka bhavanathukku nadai poduvom. ஸர்வம் ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்