சனி, 16 ஆகஸ்ட், 2014

Significance of Sri Krishnastami

ராதே கிருஷ்ணா 16-08-2014

1 hr · Edited · 
《《Significance of
Sri Krishnastami》》
》》Sri Krishna Jayanti or Sri Krishna Janmashtami is the birthday of Lord Krishna. It is also referred as Gokulashtami or Krishnaashtami or Sri Jayanti. Like the numerous names of the festival, Sri Krishna Jayanti is celebrated by different Hindu sects on two different days. The true significance of Sri Krishna is that he is relevant in the present and even more relevant for the future. 
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By Sri Ramalayam Harivanam
《《Significance of
Sri Krishnastami》》

》》Sri Krishna Jayanti or Sri Krishna Janmashtami is the birthday of Lord Krishna. It is also referred as Gokulashtami or Krishnaashtami or Sri Jayanti. Like the numerous names of the festival, Sri Krishna Jayanti is celebrated by different Hindu sects on two different days. The true significance of Sri Krishna is that he is relevant in the present and even more relevant for the future.

》A twenty-four hour fast is observed on Sri Krishna Jayanti and this is broken at midnight. The most important mantra recited on the day is ‘Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya.’ How to celebrate or perform rituals on Sri Krishna Jayanti can be found here.

》Temples and Hindu spiritual organizations conduct special bhjans and kirtan sessions. Processions with children dressed as Sri Krishna, Radha and Gopis are held on the occasion. Stories of Krishna are enacted on the day. In a twenty-four hour time span, we remember Sri Krishna superficially and quite often forget his true teachings.

》The significance of Sri Krishna is that he used his life to explain to us the great teachings in Upanishads. In true sense, he is the Upanishad man. He lived in the moment. He was not an escapist from life. He accepted life in its entirety. He made life a celebration. He was the ever smiling god and that smile continues to conquer millions of hearts. Throughout, his life there was music and just before getting killed by the hunter’s bow he was playing the flute. Music and that immortal smile were present in his death.

》But what have we done to Lord Krishna. We are unable to accept him in entirety, so we have compartmentalized Krishna. Some worship and like the young Sri Krishna, some like the Krishna with Radha, some like the Krishna who is delivering the Bhagavad Gita. This is because we are not used to a God who plays prank, dances, plays flute and solves the mysteries of life.

》For many god is a commander, one who grants boons, one who automatically solves problems in life but Sri Krishna will never automatically solve your problems. This he demonstrated in the Kurukshetra while delivering the Bhagavad Gita. Krishna never took up arms but instead gave the right direction to Arjuna. In Kurukshetra, Sri Krishna was trying to make us understand the foolishness in expecting someone above (god) to deliver the goods. We have to perform the actions and each action will have a fruit.

》Sri Krishna is full of life. He showed us the way to live in the modern society. He showed us the concept of Brahman – that life is a continuity. He taught us to remain detached and neutral. Live in the moment and life will be a celebration.


According to the Puranas Krishna took birth on the 8th lunar day (Ashtami) of the waning moon of the month of Smvana at midnight, upon the moon's entrance into Rohini asterism. This day is marked as Janmashtami. Krishna is one of the most worshipped Gods in India and belongs to the Hindu Trinity. He is believed to be one of the eight incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The story of birth of Krishna is an intriguing one. The story goes like this: One day Mother Earth was appalled by the number of sins that were being committed on her surface. She went to Brahma that God of the Gods and appealed to him for help. Brahma, after listening to her, appealed to Lord Vishnu who said that He would take birth on earth and His avatar will destroy every kind of sin that was being committed on earth then.

》During that time, Mathura was in miserable state as Kansa, brother of Devki, had put his father, King Ugrasen in prison and declared himself the new king. To put an end to his evil rule, Lord Vishnu decided to take birth in the human form. As such, at the wedding ceremony of Devki and Vasudev, there was a divine prophecy which proclaimed that Vasudeva's eighth son would kill Kansa. To protect himself, Kansa rushed to kill his sister but gave up the idea of killing after being assured by Vasudev that he will hand over all his children to Kansa. Kansa put his brother-in-law and sister in prison. Kansa killed all the six infants as soon as they were born. The seventh child (Balram) was saved due to divine intervention, when he was transferred from Devki's womb to that of Rohini's (other wife of Vasudev).

》As Devki conceived the eighth child, everything around was imbued with benevolence and majestic beauty. Lord Krishna was born in the divine form with lotus like eyes, his palms bearing the signs of a lotus, while his sole has a swastika sign. He was adorned with jewels and was wearing a crown. Just as he was born at midnight, a chain of events astonished Vasudev, when he saw the gates of the cell flow open and all the guards fast asleep. He immediately thought of Nand, his close friend in Gokul and decided to hand over his child to him in order to save him from the clutch of Kansa. Crossing the River Yamuna, Vasudev reached Nand's residence and exchanged his son with Nand's daughter. Upon reaching the prison, the door got locked behind him and he was chained again as if nothing happened in between. The guards also woke up and after hearing the cry of the baby, informed Kansa about the birth of the eighth child. Just as Kansa rushed to kill the baby, it slipped out of his hand and flew towards the sky, proclaiming that the annihilator of Kansa was born and was safe.

Hindus all over India observe fast on this day and recite the life story and teachings of Sri Krishna noted in the form of 'shlokas' in Bhagwad Gita. Temples of Lord Krishna are decorated most beautifully and children are adorned as Lord Krishna and Radhika, his spiritual beloved. Krishna Leela or the plays depicting scenes from Krishna's life, especially childhood, are performed. At midnight, when Lord Krishna was believed to have taken birth, an 'aarti' is performed and people break their fasts by feasting on sweets and delicious dishes prepared especially for the occasion. In many parts, the idol of baby Krishna is installed in a swing and offered sumptuous food, especially 'Makkhan' (butter) and 'Mishri' (sugar cubes).

Sri Krishna Janmashtami, birthday of Lord Sri Krishna, is the most jubilant occasion to watch in world famous Udupi Sri Krishna temple. Extravaganza of Sri Krishna Leelotsav in Sri Krishna Math attracts thousands of devotees from all along Karnataka and surrounding states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Goa.
attracts thousands of devotees from all along Karnataka and surrounding states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Goa.

》》Sri Krishna Janmashtami festival is celebrated on August 17 & 18 in Udupi. At 11:54 in night on August 17th, ‘Arghyapradhana’ is performed to Lord Krishna. Arghya Pradhan is a special ritual in which the clay idol of Krishna is offered milk and holy water in the main temple (sanctum sanctorum).

》》‘Vittal Pindi’, a famous ritual in Udupi Sri Krishna Temple is celebrated on the following day of Janmashtami. In 2014, Vittal Pindi date is August 18.

The next day on August 19, Leelotsav is celebrated. The clay idol of is taken out in a procession around the main street and after that immersed in the temple tank. During the festival of Janmashtami, 50 varieties of laddoos are made in Sri Krishna Mutt for distribution to devotees.

Sri Krishna Leelotsav, as part of Krishna Janmashtami, the significant annual events to be held in the temple town will be celebrated at the famous Sri Krishna temple here on August 17 and 18. As part of the festival, a ten-day religious and cultural programmes would be held. This include competitions, dance, drama, music concerts, religious discourses and painting exhibitions.

On August 28th (on Janmashtami) Sri Krishna Janmashtami competitions will be inaugurated during which Sri Krishna Janmashtami awards will be presented. On the Janmashtami day, Arghya , offering milk and water to the specially made clay idol of Lord Sri Krishna at the sanctorum of the temple will be held at midnight followed by Sri Krishna Leelotsav on the next day in which a colourful procession of the presiding deity will be held in the afternoon in which several fancy and folk and cultural troupes will participate.

A special Tiger dance competition had also bee arranged besides other fancy and folk dances for which a total of Rs eight lakh cash prizes had been kept apart. Over 1.5 lakh Chakkuli (a fried snack) and 75,000 laddus will be prepared and offered to the presiding deity on Janmastami later which will be distributed to the visiting devotees and 32,000 students from 132 schools in Udupi coming under mid-day meal scheme of the mutt.

》》Popular Places
Janmashtami is one such festival that is celebrated equally in North and South India. Preparations for the same start weeks in advance. Different parts of the country celebrate the festival differently. In South India, the celebrations are most prevalent in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In both the places, the idol of Lord Krishna is placed in a decorated mantapa. Bhakshanam (snacks and sweets in Sanskrit), are specially prepared for the festival, and offered to Lord Krishna. Along with it, fruits that are his favorites are also o offered. In some parts of Karnataka, chakli, avalakki and bellada panaka are prepared especially for the festival. In North India, celebrations are no less than being called extravagant and splendid. While Gokul and Vridnavan (Lord's birth and growing up place) witness flocks of visitors coming to the place to celebrate the festival at Krishna janamabhoomi, the other parts organize different events and practice different rituals to mark the occasion. In the cities of Mumbai and Pune, dahi-handi is organized wherein a group of men form human pyramid to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it. In the city of Dwarka in Gujarat and the eastern states of Orissa and West Bengal, people celebrate it with fasting and doing puja at midnight. Though the rituals practiced vary from one region to the other, the spirit and devotion to the Lord is same everywhere. Thus, it wouldn't be wrong to say that Krishna is the most loved and celebrated God in India. Why Sri Krishnarghya to be given?
If we give Arghya on Krishna astami day or on Krishna Jayanthi day, we will get the punya equal to Samarpana of samastabhoomandala as per Bhavishyottara purana.
Sri Krishastami vratha is also Haridina just like Ekadashi.
But the importance of performing one Srikrishnastami is equal to 20 crore Ekadashis. We should not leave Krishnastami, saying that we are doing Ekadashi, and similarly we must not leave Ekadashi saying, by just doing Krishnastami we will be get all ekadashi phala. So, we have to do both Krishnastami and Ekadashi Upavasa invariably.
Why we are giving more importance to Sri Krishnastami? Why not Ramanavami? Buddhajayanthi? –
THERE IS NO BEDHA FOR DIFFERENT PARAMATHMA ROOPA/AVATAARA. We must not think of difference in Paramathma’s different roopa. If we think it will be navavidha dwesha on paramathma.
Periodwise, Sri Krishna is nearer to Kaliyuga. Only on this day that we have to do upavasa and not on other bhagavadroopa jayanthi days. Ofcourse Buddhavatara is more nearer to us than Krishnavatara. Even though Buddhavatara is nearer to us, it was only for a short period and it was daitya mohaka roopa whereas Srikrishnavatara is Jnaana roopa.
What happens if we are not observing Upavasa on Krishnastami?
As per Bhavishyottara purana if we are not observing krishnastami vrata, we will become brahmarakshasa and he will born as Snake, tiger like wild animals. We will get paapa as if we are eating Maamsa if we not observing upavasa as per smritis

》Ahneeka Krama –

1. Regular snaana sandhyavandana to be done

2. On Krishnastami day – Brahma Yagna not to be done

3. While doing morning snaana, we have to do with mantra –

Yogaaya YogapatayE yOgEshvaraaya
yOga sambhavaaya shrI gOvindaaya nama: |

4. As per Krishnamrutha maharnava we have to do the pooja of the following devatas on this day :
Krishnam cha bhalabhadram cha vasudEvam cha dEvakIm |
nandagOpaM yashOdaaM cha subhadraaM tatra pOjayEt|

Argya Mantra :
ಜಾತ: ಕಂಸವಧಾರ್ಥಾಯ ಭೂಭಾರೋತ್ತಾರಣಾಯ ಚ |
ಕೌರವಾಣಾಂ ವಿನಾಶಾಯ ದೈತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ನಿಧನಾಯ ಚ |
ಪಾಂಡವಾನಾಂ ಹಿತಾರ್ಥಾಯ ಧರ್ಮಸಂಸ್ಥಾಪನಾಯ ಚ |
ಗೃಹಾಣಾರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಮಯಾ ದತ್ತಂ ದೇವಕ್ಯಾ ಸಹಿತೋ ಹರೇ|
ದೇವಕೀ ಸಹಿತ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣಾಯ ನಮ: |
ಇದಮರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಇದಮರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಇದಮರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಸಮರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
(ಮೂರು ಸಾರಿ ಅರ್ಘ್ಯ ಕೊಡಬೇಕು)
जात: कंसवधार्थाय भूभारोत्तारणाय च ।
कौरवाणां विनाशाय दैत्यानां निधनाय च ।
पांडवानां हितार्थाय धर्मसंस्थापनाय च ।
गृहाणार्घ्यं मया दत्तं देवक्या सहितो हरे।
देवकी सहित श्री कृष्णाय नम: ।
इदमर्घ्यं इदमर्घ्यं इदमर्घ्यं समर्पयामि ।
jaata: kamsavadhaarthaaya bhUbhaarOttaaraNaaya cha
kouravaaNaam vinaashaaya daityaanaam nidhanaaya cha |
paanDavaanaam hitaarthaaya dharmasamsthaapanaaya cha |
gRuhaaNaarGyam mayaa dattam dEvakyaa sahitO harE|
dEvakI sahita shrI kRuShNaaya nama: |
idamarGyam idamarGyam idamarGyam samarpayaami | |

ಚ೦ದ್ರನ ಅರ್ಘ್ಯ ಮ೦ತ್ರ
ಕ್ಷೀರೋದಾರ್ಣವಸ೦ಭೂತ ಅತ್ರಿಗೊತ್ರಸಮುದ್ಬವ |
ಗೃಹಾಣಾರ್ಘ್ಯ೦ ಮಯಾ ದತ್ತ೦ ರೋಹಿಣ್ಯಾ ಸಹಿತ: ಶಶಿನ್ ||

ಹರ ವೈಷ್ಣವೋತ್ತಮ,ವಾಯು ಜೀವೋತ್ತಮ, ಹರಿ ಸರ್ವೋತ್ತಮ
हर वैष्णवोत्तम, वायु जीवोत्तम, हरि सर्वोत्तम

" Jai Sri krishna"

Sri krishnastami
to all — with Ragavendra Brindavanam Nagapattinam and 49 others.

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