SRIRANGAM – THE BOOLOKA VAIKUNTAM (THE PARADISE ON EARTH)
Srirangam is the foremost of the eight self-manifested shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) of Lord Vishnu. It is also considered the first, foremost and the most important of the 108 main Vishnu temples (Divyadesams). This temple is also known as Thiruvaranga Tirupati, Periyakoil, Bhoologa Vaikundam, and Bhogamandabam. In the Vaishnava parlance the term "KOIL" signifies this temple only. The temple is enormous in size. The temple complex is 156 acres in extent. It has 7 prakaras or enclosures. These enclosures are formed by thick and huge rampart walls which run round the sanctum. There are 21 magnificent towers in all prakaras providing a unique sight to any visitor. This temple lies on an islet formed by the Twin Rivers Cauvery and Coleroon.Description
The temple of Srirangam is situated at 10 degrees 52’N and 78 degrees 42’ E towards the southern tip of India on an Island formed by two arms of the River Cauvery. The temple covers a vast area of about 6, 31,000 Sqm. (156 Acres). The temple consists of seven Concentric rectangular enclosures round the sanctum sanctorum. The temple of Srirangam is the only one in India with seven enclosures, a sacred symbolic number which for present day Vaishnava believers represents either the seven centers of Yoga, or a reference to the seven elements making up the human body, in the center of which dwells the soul. 7 Prakarams denoting the 7 Lokam (worlds)
There are 7 prakarams (the only Divya Desam to have so) at this temple that relate to the 7 lokams (7 worlds) each of which is said to be a step in leading us to Vaikuntam.
Seventh enclosure (Bhoo Lokam)
The gopuras of the seventh enclosure are unfinished. They are called Rayagopuram. The impressive dimensions of their bases prove that when finished, they would have risen to a height of at least 50.m. This is also called the Chitra Street now has a row of shops and offices.
Sixth enclosure (Bhoovar lokam)
The sixth enclosure has four gopuras; the eastern gopura is the most impressive of all on account of its size the inscriptions in Thirteenth Century characters. The processional chariots are kept in this enclosure. This also has a market called Uthara Street.
Fifth enclosure (Swar Lokam)
This Prakaram has ChakkarathAzhvaar and Andal Sannidhi on the West and Thaayar Sannidhi on the Southern side. The Sesha Raya Mandapam, on the Eastern side has several battle field sculptures that reminds one of the great times of Vijayanagara rulers. Opposite this is the 1000 pillar mandapam where the Vaikunta Ekadesi festivities and the recital of Naalaayira Divya Prabandham (4000 songs composed by Azhvaars) as well as the Araiyar Sevai take place. This prakaram has some beautiful sculptures, possibly built by the Hoysala somewhere around 1200AD. Some of the sculptures depict girls playing the veena and ladies holding beautiful parrots. This prakaram has the famous White Gopuram at the Eastern Entrance to the temple.
Kamban Ramaayana and Srirangam Temple
The Great Tamil poet Kamban had in his composition of the Raamaayana written about the Lord destroying Hiranya, the mention of which did not find universal acceptance. Kamban retorted stating that if the Lord accepted his version, then the world could not dispute it. He stood outside the Thaayar Sannidhi of this temple and recited his version. Lord Azhagiya Singar, who heard this composition, accepted this version. In memory of this, there is an Azhagiya Singar Sannidhi in the 5th Prakaram of the temple. Recognising the importance of this event, there is a separate Kamban Mandapam opposite the Thaayar Sannidhi.
Fourth enclosure (Mahar Lokam)
The walls of the 4th prakaram were built by ThiruMangai Azhvaar. This prakaram houses one of the biggest mandapams for Garuda among the 108 Divya Desams. This has over 200 pillars and is also possibly the most beautiful mandapam in the temple. On the southern side of this prakaram, one finds the Paramapada vaasal, also called Swarga Vaasal (the Gateway to Heaven), that opens only once a year during Vaikunta Ekadesi. Among the 108 Divya Desams, this is the only temple to have a Sannidhi for Dhanvantri, the medicinal God, which is located in this Prakaram, opposite the tank.
Ramanuja and Srirangam
Srirangam cannot be discussed without mentioning the great Vaishnavite scholar of Ramanujacharya who attained divinity here. His "Swayam Thirumeni" (the symbolic body) is preserved and offered prayers even today after 8 centuries. His Shrine is found in the fourth "prakara" of the temple and his "Thirumeni" is preserved in the temple in a seated position, by applying saffron and camphor every six months in a ritualistic style. All the devotees are said to wash their feet when going into the Sannadhi of Sri Ranganathar, because the artistic works on Sri Ramanujar are found in the floors here.
Third enclosure (Jano Lokam)
One can enter the 3rd prakaram only through the Arya Bhattal Tower. This houses several mandapams. While this is a dark area, one finds a special peace when inside this prakaram.
Second enclosure (Thapo Lokam)
The 2nd prakaram, which one enters through the NaazhiKetaan Entrance is called the Raja Mahendran street in memory of the Chozha king who built it. This prakaram also has the Kili (Parrot) Mandapam and the big Glass mirror, through which one can see the Lord when he comes out on procession.
First enclosure (Sathiya Lokam)
The first Prakaram was built by Chozha King Dharma Varma. There are 24 pillars inside this prakaram where(sanctum sanctorum) one finds Lord Ranganatha in his sleeping posture facing South(Lanka). These 24 pillars, it is said, denote the 24 letters of the Gayantri Mantra.
Moolavar: SRI LORD RANGANATHA PERUMAL in reclining posture (Bhujanga Sayanam), on AadhiSeshan faces South and gives Dharshan to the devotees.
Uthsavar: NamPerumaal, Azhagiya ManavaalanThaayaar: Sri Ranga Nachiarii, in separate Sannidhi
Prathyasham(Physically gave Dharshan to): Dharma varma, Ravi dharman, Chandhran and Vibeeshanan.
Vimanam: Pranavaakruthi. It took almost 7 and half years to build this huge vimanam (Gopuram). It is also called as "Raja Gopuram". This Raja Gopuram is 236 feet high with 13 Nilais (Partition) and 12 Kalasams at its top.
Once on the base of Himalaya, River Ganga, Cauvery, Yamuna and Saraswathi are playing in the sky one ghandharvan (person who belong to Deva lokam) saw these rivers playing and worshipped them. Seeing this, all the 4 river women started saying themselves that he worshipped them only. They started arguing on whom actually he worshipped. The argument continued but didn’t stop. Yamuna and Saraswathi stopped their quarrel. But to Ganga and Cauvery it continued. Finally, they both went to Sriman Narayanan.
River Ganga told to Narayanan since she was originated from the feet of Narayanan, she is bigger and mightier than Cauvery. Sriman Narayanan accepted it. But, Cauvery doesn’t accept it and she did tapas on Sriman Narayanan. Finally, Narayanan gave seva to her and told him that he will sleep on the bank of Cauvery and at that time, river Cauvery will be the garland (Maalai) in his chest, which will the better position than Ganga, who is found in his feet. This is the sthalapuranam said here.
It is a traditional belief that Adi Sankara installed at Srirangam, a Yantra called Janakarshana Yantra (to attract pilgrims) to this sacred temple, just as at Tirupati he installed the Dhanakarshana Yantra (to attract wealth). Sankara infused immense power to this Yantra, which has proved by its action perfectly true to its name. Tirupati is the richest temple in the South, may be in whole of India, and Srirangam is the most visited temple in the South.
Though it is primarily a Vaishnavite temples, believers in different tenets of faith do pay their homage at the temple of Ranganatha, the Adi Purusha in blissful slumber, floating on the Banyan leaf during cosmic deluge. The Adi Purusha in his eternal happiness remained afloat on the Milky Ocean, for how long nobody can say. He wanted to create the Universe. Lord Vishnu appeared before Brahma in the form of a swan. Brahma questioned its identity, to which the swan replied with two monosyllables 'OM' and 'THAP' and disappeared.
Brahma construed this bewildering reply as a direction to start penance uttering the word 'OM'. After long years of penance, the four Vedas appeared. After years of further penance, Bhoomi (land, the earth) appeared then the fire, the sky and Devaloka, the heaven where angels stay, and human beings, animals, etc., gradually appeared. At that time, a demon, by name Madhu Kaitabha, appeared from the ear of Brahma and snatched the Vedas from him and disappeared into the ocean. This incident annoyed Brahma, who also plunged into the ocean to search for the miscreant.
Vishnu took the form of a horse (Hayagriva) and annihilated the ace of Madhu Kaitabha and recovered the Vedas and taught the same to Brahma. After the initiation by Lord Vishnu himself, Brahma started creating the Universe, which is made of the five elements, Prithvi (earth), Jal (water), Vayu (air), Tejas (fire), Vyoma (ether) and sixteen spheres of the Universe and gave a start to the natural law of the Universe.Creation only being his main port folio, when he set the natural law in motion, his work was completed and the Universe would go on in the cycle of Karma, i.e., and action done by the created beings. As one's karma becomes the decisive factor for the continuance of the universe under the influence of natural law, Brahma realized in his observation that a time might come when his own action will be put to judgement.
He felt the necessity of getting advice from Narayana. To invoke him, he started penance in the Milky Ocean. After long years of penance, Lord Narayana appeared before him on Garuda and asked him what he wanted. Brahma requested Narayana to show him his real form.
Lord Narayana replied that nobody has seen his real Jyothi (effulgent) Swarupam. He said further: "It is I who appeared before you as a swan. It is I who brought you the Vedas. It is I who took the form of Hayagriva and annihilated the demon. And now I have come on my Garuda. I have taken up the responsibility of protecting the Universe and if you want to visualize my real form, you will have to utter the Ashtakshara Mantra in deep veneration.
At this, Brahma started the penance. Like this a thousand years elapsed, and at the end, Lord Vishnu appeared in a Ranga Vimanam from the Milky Ocean. Ranga Vimanam is the name given to a special chariot-like conveyance carried by Veda Murtis on their head, having Lord Vishnu inside the Vimanam (vehicle). Nagaraja was holding the white umbrella in attendance. Senapati Vishwaksena was holding a cane and chamaram (fan). Narada with Tumburu, uttering the hymns in praise, along with Devas, Angels, Kinnarasi (heavenly beings) were in prayerful attention. Sages Sanat kumara and others, the usual mythological attendants of Vishnu, were following the chariot.
In deep veneration Brahma went round the chariot four times chanting the four Vedas with his four mouths and stood before Lord Vishnu in prayerful pose representatives of all the worlds of the Universe, including Durga, Saraswati, Sapta Rishis, Navagrahas, constellations of stars and the Ashta Palakas (eight doorkeepers) and others were also in attendance.
Being pleased with the penance of Brahma, for the first time the real Swarupam of Vishnu in Ranga Vimanam with his attendants was shown to him as desired. Since that day the Ranga Vimanam became most famous, as the real seat of the Universal God. Brahma wanted to worship Lord Vishnu in the Vimanam forever. Lord Vishnu agreed to his request and Brahma took him to his abode in Satyaloka.
Brahma was happy to worship the Vimanam. News spread in course of time to Manu, the son of Sun God Surya, who was attracted and desired to have the darshan, for which he performed a penance and fulfilled his desire by a visit to Satyaloka and, paying homage’s to the Ranga Vimanam, then in the custody of Brahma, he attained liberation. Manu's son Ikshwaku cherished the desire of possessing the Ranga Vimanam for the benefit of the people on earth. He consulted his family preceptor, Vasishtha (priest of the Surya vamsha), who advised him to start penance uttering the sacred Ashtakshara Mantra. Accordingly, Ikshwaku started a severe penance which puzzled even the devas, foreboding evil days for them. They attempted to spoil the penance by deputing Maninatha and the celestial nymphs to distract his attention. Indra took the lead in this affair and did not even hesitate to send the Vajraayudha (lightning weapon) to foil the penance. But all failed in their attempts. In disappointment, they prayed to Brahma, to save them from the baffling catastrophe. Brahma on his part approached Ranganatha for advice.
Ranganatha consoled Brahma by expressing his desire to go to Ayodhya where he would be worshipped by the descendant of the Solar dynasty for four Yugas, and at the end of the fourth Yuga he would go to the kingdom of the Cholas in the South, on the banks of the Kaveri, where he would stay for 700 years. At the end, of this period he would return to Brahmaloka. Brahma was directed to part with the Ranga Vimanam to Ikshwaku. From Ikshwaku to Lord Rama time, this Vimaan was worshipped and belonged to Ayodhya Kings.
Sri Ramar who took the avathaar as an ordinary human being, worshipped Sri Ranganathan, the god is also named as "Periya Perumal". After his pattabishekham (crowned as king), he gave the Thiru Aranga Vimaanam to King Vibeeshan, which belongs to Ayodhya Kings and their followers.
Coming along with the Thiruvaranga temple vimaanam, the Chola king and the Rishis present requested Vibhishana to perform the Adi Brahmotsava there itself instead of in Lankha. Vibhishana agreed to this request. So he kept the vimaanam in the midst of Cauvery river to worship it. During the worship, Chozhan Dharmavarman and lots of Rishis also joined. In commemoration of this incident, the Brahmotsava is performed on the day of the full moon in the month of Panguni, Uttaram day. After finishing all the poojas, tried to take the vimaanam along with him to Lanka, he was unable to take it and he could not even move.
This must have caused almost heartbreak to Vibhishana who went on praying to Lord Ranganatha to save him from the situation. At that time, Sri Aranganathan told since he had given varam (promise) to River Cauvery and since he has to purify her, he has to be all along the Cauvery River. And told that he will not be in a position to move from there. But on hearing this, King Vibeeshan became sad, for which Sri Aranganathan says that inspite of not coming to Lanka, but he will be facing the south direction of Lanka. This is the history explaination of Sri Rangam.
There's another similar story that says that Vibeeshan was to carry the Deity back to Lankha but had to stop for taking bathe, and that Lord Rama had addressed stating that He in the form of Sri Ranganathan would allow Himself to be carried back to Lankha by Vibeeshan and then placed down He would not move. Vibeeshan understanding that, needed someone to hold the Deity while he relieved himself and bathed and returned. He found nearby one Brahmin boy and entrusted the task of holding the Deity of Raganath to him to which he agreed. And NOT to put the Deity down..... Anyway when Vibeeshan returned, he found the boy gone and the Deity firmly fixed to the spot facing the south. Vibeeshan's rakshasa nature came out and he became so angry at the boy taking out his sword he cased him. Vibhishana ran after him. Lord Ganesha climbed up to the top of a large nearby cliff. But, there, Vibhishana caught him and struck him on the forehead. At that moment, Ganesha revealed his true form to Vibhishana, who immediately apologized2, asked for his blessings and continued on his way to Lanka. The enormous rock Lord Ganesha climbed upon now forms the Uchi Pillayar Temple, only a few kilometers from Sri Rangam.
The desire of Dharma Varma, the Chola prince, was fulfilled in this miraculous way. He started constructing a gigantic structure for installing the Ranga Vimanam. Dharma Varma worshipped the Ranga Vimanam for a long time and attained salvation. Years passed and once an unprecedented flood came in River Kaveri, which brought an enormous quantity of silt and sand and flooded the entire country. It is said that the flood was so devastating that even the peak of the gopuram of the temple was submerged under sand and looked like a sand dune.
The entire city surrounding it was utterly devastated. The Chola king shifted the capital from Tri (Uraiyur) to Tanjore. The Ranga Vimanam temple was left uncared for, submerged under sand, which gradually gave rise to other growth of vegetation, which at last became a wasteland. Then it so happened that once Chola prince went out for a pleasure hunt. He rested for some time under a tree in this forest.
A parrot living on the tree suggested to king that down below be lying submerged the sacred Ranga Vimanam. (The prince thereafter came to be known as Kilikanda Chola, who saw the parrot). The Chola king had heard about the Ranga Vimanam and found its location in the forest from the parrot.
The information was also corroborated by a dream seen by the prince. Upon validation, the king started excavation work and unearthed the temple walls and prakarams. He also developed it further and made additions and alterations to the temple particularly the addition of a mandapam in the name of the parrot, still known as Kili Mandapam. He re-established the religious rite rituals in the temple as before. He became an ardent devotee of Ranganatha and attained liberation later.
The other major vicissitude in the history occurred during the reign of Raja Mahendra Chola, when a sudden spring sprouted up emitting a huge quantity of water during the flood in which it blocked the passage of the entrance to the temple and threatened to engulf the temple base. The King had the passage blocked and gopuram constructed over it, making a second prakaram like the wall of defence. For this beneficial work done by him he too attained liberation.
During the period of invasion by Malik Kafur and his forces in 1310–1311, Namperumal was stolen and taken to Delhi. In a daring exploit, devotees of Srirangam ventured to Delhi and enthralled the king with their histrionics. Moved by their talent, the King was pleased to gift them the presiding deity of Srirangam, which was requested by the performers. Things took a drastic turn immediately. Surathani, his daughter fell in love with the deity and followed him to Srirangam. She prostrated to the God in front of the Sanctum Sanctorum and is believed to have attained the Heavenly Abode immediately. Even today, a painting of "Surathani" (known as "Thulukha Nachiyar" in Tamil) can be seen in the Arjuna Mandap adjacent to the Sanctum Sanctorum.
Position of Lord Ranganathar:
The position which Sri Ranganathar is found in this Sthalam is one of the great thing that has to be explained.
In this sthalam, Aranganathan is found inside the Aranga Vimaanam, Keeping 5 headed Aadhi seshan as the bed, his legs stretched along the direction of the sun's upcoming side (East) direction from where the moon in the evening rises and Lord Yaman, who is the demon king and cool breeze and wind which are said to be found from the South direction are seen by Aranganathan and he sees Lanka. Behind him, is Kuberan (North Direction) and Selva Magal (Sri Lakshmi) are found. His right hand is kept under his head as a "Pillow" and the left hand is on his lap and it is pointed to his feet. This position explains to the world that all the Jeevathmas are finally getting terminated only in his feet.
IT IS BELIEVED - The darshan of Lord Sri Ranganatha is graced (achieved) only to those who had taken birth in Srirangam in their earlier lives. Only such sacred souls that CRAVE for the Lord get the darshan of Lord Ranga. There was a king of TRAVANCORE (Kerala) who was craving for Darshan of Ranga and composed - Ranga yatra diney diney - meaning every day he wanted to go Srirangam but was retained by his ministers. These kings believed that entire kingdom is of Lord and they only do duty fulfilling the Lord's will. This king is none other than KULA SEKHARA ALWAR. There is another composition –
Uraiyur Azhagiya Manavalan : This is one of 108 Divya Desams sung by Tirumangaialwar, Kulasekharaalwar.
Deities: Azhagiya Manavalar (in a standing posture) facing north, with his consort Kamalavalli in the same sanctum in a seated posture are the presiding deities here. There is no separate sanctum for Thayar here.There is no festival image for Perumaal. The festival image of Ranganathar is brought in procession from Srirangam to commemorate his marriage with Senkamalavalli.
Once upon a time, there was a discussion among the great rishis that among Trimurthies, who is the greatest. But in that discussion also, they could not come to a conclusion that who is great amongst the Trinity. Finally, all the rishis thought it would be helpful for them to find the answer for this if they could get the sugesstion from the great muni, Brighu. They all explained about the discussion they had among them and said he is the right person to find a solution for this and clear their doubts whats there in their minds. Brighu muni also accepted their words and told them he would give an answer that would clear all of their doubts.
First, he went to Kailasam where Lord Shivan and Godess Parvathi reside. But, in the entrance itself, Brighu muni was stopped by the Dwara Balakaas as the residing deities are all alone and doesnt want them to get disturbed. As he got this kind of answer in Kailash, he thought he could not be the right person who might help his devotees as he was not easy to talk with. As he was disappointed by this activity, he then left to Sathya Lokam where Lord Brahma and Godess Saraswathi reside.
There also he could not meet Brahma devan and he began to think what he thought when he went to Kailasam. Finally, he went to Sri Vaikuntam where Sriman Narayanan and Godess Sri Laksmi reside. As Brighu muni enetered Vaikuntam, he was greeted in a good manner and this first action made him to think that Sriman Narayanan is the right person to whom all persons and rishis can seek help and can have a direct approach towards him. Sriman Narayanan offered him with the seat and did the Paadha Pooja for him. But this action of Sri Vishnu made Sri Lakshmi to think bad and asked Him not to catch hold of his feet. But, this action of Sri Lakshmi made Brighu muni to get angry and cursed Her that she would born in the world as an ordinary human. But Sri Lakshmi felt very sad for the Curse she got from Brighu muni but Sriman Narayanan said that all the actions are happening according to their fates only and added that he will follow Her soon towards the earth.
At the same time in the earth, a king by named Dharma Varman lived in Kumbakonam, Chozha Naadu. Once he went out for hunting and found that the rishis were being distressed by some demons and seeked the help from the king. Dharma Varman said that he will help them from the demons by killing them and he stayed in the forest for sometime. The King was happy for all the reason but only one thing made him worry and disappoint and that is he had no children. He seeked the help of the rishis to hep him out to get a child. So, to help the king, all the rishis did a Yagam to get a child for the king. At that time, an Asareeri stated that if he want to get a child he should pray towards Sri Lakshmi and as a result, Sri Lakshmi itself will be born as a child to him. Hearing this, he started to pray towards Sri Lakshmi and finally, a female child was born to him and was kept a name as “Kamalavalli” and “Vara Lakshmi”.
As the days went on, Dharma Varman started to seek a perfect groom for his daughter and announced a Swayamvaram for that. Lots of kings came for this and at the same time, Sriman Narayanan also came there as one among the grooms. In that hall, when Sri Lakshmi came, she had a look at all the members in the hall and at the same time, she also noticed Sriman Narayanan and went straight towards Him without any delay and Garlanded him. All the persons saw this wedding of Sri Vishnu and Sri Lakshmi and the king raised a temple for Sri Ranganathar in Kalyana Thirukkolam.
In this sthalam, Periya Pirattiyar is giving her seva in two different ways. One is Irundha seva and the other one is Kidantha seva. Combining these both sevas, she is giving the seva “Urayum” (from sitting seva to sleeping seva) seva, this temple is called “Thiru Urayoor”.
The Utsavam done here starts on Aayilya Nakshathiram in Panguni month that lasts for 10 days. On the first day of Panguni Uthiram, Sri Ranganathar comes from Sri Rangam and stay in Urayoor. And on Panguni Uthiram, he marries Kamalavalli Naachiyar and give his Kalyana Kola Seva to his Bhakthas. Only Moolavar is found in this sthalam. There is no Utsavar here. Since, Arangan married Kamalavalli Naachiyaar, Utsavar of Srirangam is said to be the Utsavar for this Thirukkozhi sthalam too. There is no Brahmotsavam conducted in this divya desam.
Every year,during Panguni, Lord Ranganatha, in all his splendour, leaves the Srirangam temple at 4am to take the 6 km journey across the Cauvery in a golden palanquin to meet his beloved Kamalavalli Naachiyar for the ‘Kalyana Utsavam’(marriage festivities). On this auspicious day in the month of Panguni, the entire marriage formalities between Lord Ranganatha and Kamalavalli Nachiyar is enacted at the Uraiyur Temple. Lord Ranganatha takes the trip back to Srirangam across the Cauvery that same night.At the Uraiyur temple, one can see Kamalavalli Nachiyar in a grand sitting posture, all set to get married. Being the handsome man in wedding attire, Lord Ranganatha here is called ‘Azhagiya Mana Vaalan’.A speciality of this temple is that this is the only Divya Desam (out of the 108) where the Goddess is facing the Northern direction, in this case in the direction of the Srirangam Ranganatha temple.In centuries gone by, devotees used to first visit the Uraiyur Divya Desam, walk across the Cauvery to the Srirangam Ranganatha temple and then across the Coloroon to Uttamar Koil and Tiruvellarai, thus covering four divya desams in one go.Uraiyur is also the birth place of Thiruppaanazhvaar, one of the 12 Azhvaar Saints. There is a separate sannadhi for Tiruppaanazhvaar at the Uraiyur temple. The Tiruppanaazhvaar festival is held in the month of Karthigai(Nov-Dec).
There’s a belief that an Elephant of a Chozha king, which entered this place, was beaten back by a valiant Hen and had to retreat. Hence, this place is also called Kozhiyoor (Kozhi means Hen in Tamil).
Thirumangai Azhvaar has composed one paasuram (song/verse in praise of the Lord).
Moolavar:The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Sri Azhagiya Manavaalan. Srirangam Uthsavar, Namperumal, gets the name Sri Azhagiya Manavalan when he comes to Uraiyur. He is found in Standing position (Nindra thirukkolam), facing his thirumugham towards North direction along with “Prayoga Chakkaram”. Prakthyaksham for Ravidharman and all Devars(330 crores).
The Thayaar of this Sthalam is Sri Kamalavalli Naachiyaar (Vaasakshmi). Also named as “Uraiyur Valli”. She is found in Sitting position(Veetrirundha Kolam) facing North direction. The Position of the Thaayar is similar to position of a Bride who sits along with the Groom during marriage. The above positions are called as “Thirukalyana Avasaram”.
Uthsavar Thaayaar: Sri Kamalavalli Naachiyaar (Sri Vaasa Lakshmi) and Thaayar
Thirunakshatram - Aayilyam (Panguni)Sannadhis: Special sannadhi for Thiruppaan Alwar.
Thirukkarambanur – Sri Purushotaman Perumal Temple
Temple Location about the Temple:
It is situated in Trichy, Tamil Nadu district. 8 Kms away from Trichy, 3 1/2 Kms from Sri Rangam, situated in the middle of Trichy - Sri Rangam small Railway station along the Railway from Trichy to Vizhupuram Guard line. Bus facility also available.
The Sthalapuranam of this temple is also similar to that of the sthalapuranam of "Thirukkandiyoor".
It is said that both Sivaperumaan and Brahma devan had 5 heads. But, Lord Shiva was angry on Brahma Devan that he too had five heads. Because of this anger, he plucked one of his head from his body and was caught by "Brahmagardhi Dhosham". Because of this, he lost of his wealth and started beg for food using the Kabaalam. Because of this, Lord Shiva is called as "Picchai Aandavar".
He was given the Sabham that he can get rid of this sin only if the Kabaalam is completely filled-up with food. From then, Lord Shivan visited all the Divyadesams to get out of his sin. At that time, he was offered food by Sri Mahalakshmi and the Kabaalam was filled completely with food and from then, he got out of his "Brahmagardhi Dhosham". This is the Sthalapuranam said here.
In this sthalam, Sriman Narayanan, Lord Shiva and Brahma Devan who are collectively called as "Mummoorthigal" are found in separate sannadhis and giving their seva to the world.
Since, Emperumaan, Prushothaman gave Prathyaksham for Kadhamba Munivar, this Kshetram is also called as "Kadhamba Kshetram".
Kadhambam means mixture of things. Both Shiva and Vishnu are found in the same temple and explains that there should be no difference between Vaishnavas and Saivas and but at the same time they should be devoted in a single minded way. So, this Kshetram is also called "Kadhamba Kshetram".
In this sthalam only, Sanaga, Sananthana and Sanath brothers are given the first teachings on Saivams and at the same time Prathyaksham for Maarkandeya Maharishi. This also shows how the unity is explained.
Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanam is named as "Uthamar" and Lord shiva is named as "Pikshandanar".
In Aavani and Chithirai month, grand utsavams are done. Marriages of bhakthas are also done in this temple.
This sthalaperumal is Purushothaman (Purushan + Uthaman). Purushan means husband and Uthaman means a person who behaves and likes his wife and doesn't even think of other women. Sri Ramar is the best example for Uthaman and he is said to be "Eaga Pathini Vridhan". So this sthalam is named as "Uthamar Koil" and Emperumaan is called as "Uthaman".
This Kadhamba sthalam is the place where Gnana Thathuvam (explanation of Gnana) and the explaination of Aanma Gnanam was explained.
Doing pooja in Naga linga flower is one of the speciality in this temple and it is said to eradicate all the problems in our life.
The main moral which is explained in this sthalam is Lord Shiva who is the King of Kailayam, after getting jealous on Brahma devan lost all his wealth and begged for food. So, we should not have jealous on others, but should be happy with what we have.
Lord Shiva - Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma who are collectively called as "Mum Murthy" are said to found here in this temple.
Nagalinga Poo (flower), which is one of the famous and rare flower is found here and this is the special flower here to do poojas in this temple.
The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Purushothaman. He is found in Moolavar in Bujanga seva facing East direction. Prathyaksham for Kadhamba Munivar, Thirumangai Alwar, Ubarusaravasoo, the four persons Sanaga, Sanaathana and Sanathkumarar.
The Thayaar of this Sthalam is Poorvadevi. Also called as "Pooranavalli".
01. Lord Shiva
02. Brahma who is otherwise called as "Naan Mugan"
07. Sani Bhagavan
08. Dhasaradha Lingam
10. Soundira Paarvathi
12. Kalaimagal (Saraswathi)
13. Thirumangai Alwar
16. Ramanujar and
17. Manavaala Maamunigal. Mangalasasanam:
Thirumangai Alwar - 1 Paasuram.
Total - 1 Paasuram.
Thiru Vellarai - Sri Pundarikaashan Perumal Temple (Visit Thiruvellarai for Moksham)
About the Temple:
Located about 20 kms North of Trichy, on the way to Thuraiyur, Thiruvellari temple is housed on a 14 acre property. Inscriptions and the architecture at this temple point to the fact that Pallava, Hoysala and Vijayanagara kings have contributed significantly to this temple. Also has bus facility from Sri Rangam. No boarding and lodging facility.
On first looks, one could easily mistake this Divya Desam for an old fort. The front gopuram (temple tower) reflects a Hoysala style architecture that is so untypical of a Vaishnavite temple. The structure looks half finished and this is attributed to a war which is believed to have stopped half way during the construction.
Vellarai means white rock. Since, this sthalam is situated 100 feet high in the top of the small mountain, which is white in colour, this sthalam is called "Thiru Vellarai".
The story goes thus
Markandeya was destined to die at 16. When Yama came to take him, he clutched on to the Shiva Lingam at ThiruKadaiyur. Pleased with this, Lord Shiva blessed him that he will remain there forever as 16. After enjoying life to the full, Markandeya once again prayed to Lord Shiva asking for Moksham. He is guided by Shiva to go to ThiruVellarai to invoke the blessing of Vishnu.
Once when Sibi Chakravarthi has been tented here with his warriors here, a white boar crossed him. He chased it and the Boar finally went inside a hole. Saint Markandeya was under penance here and King Sibi narrated the incident that occured here and the saint asked the king to perform a Milk Abhiseka to the hole. While doing so Lord Vishnu appeared before them. So Saint Markandeya asked Sibi Chakravarthy to bring 3700 Vaishnavites from North and build a temple here for Lord Vishnu. As requested Sibi Chakravarthy brought the 3700 Vaishnavites from the North and built the temple. While do so one of the Vaishnavite died and King Sibi was very much worried about it. Lord Vishnu again appeared Himself as a Vaishnavite and told King Sibi to count Him and make the numbering as 3700. Saint Naradhar's disciple Uyyakkondaar wrote "Sri Bhaashyam", which was left unfinished by him and was finally completed by Vishnu Sithaar. So this rock is called as "Uyyakkondaan Malai".
There are two entrances to the temple viz. Uttarayana Vasal (Entrance) and Dakshinayana Vasal used during respective periods - Thai to Aani (Jan - July) and Aavani to Margazhi (July to jan). There is one more entrance namely the Naazhi Kettan Vasal signifying the entrance used by the Lord when he came late and was questioned by Thayar. One could have darshan of Sridevi, Bhoodevi, Surya , Chandra, Aadisesha in Prakruta sharira serving the Lord.Avathara Sthala of the Acharyas - Uyyakondar and Engallazhwan.This place helped Sri Ramanuja in propagation of Srivaishnavism .
Special Information: This temple has a big wall (Mathil sevar) Birth place of Bhakthar Uyyakondaar. Situated on top of a Mountain which is fall of white rocks and 100 feet high. (Vellarai means white rock. Since, this sthalam is situated at the top of a small white mountain, this sthalam is called "Thiru Vellarai").
Birth Place: This is the birth place of Uyakondan and Engal Alwan.
Another belief is that no Vaishnavite can get Moksham without visiting Thiruvellarai. Hence, there is this tradition at the temple to call ‘Thiruvellarai Kandeero- Thiruvellarai Kanden Aiyya’ (the devotees informing the Lord that they have seen Thiruvellarai and that they are now ready/eligible for Moksham), a voice that is said to echo to the Lord up there.
Sriman Narayanan is giving dharshan to all living and non living things as Sooriya Narayanan. By extending his rays, he is giving security to the entire world. Sri vishnu who is also named as "Maayavan" at the end of Dhakshinayana kaalam (Margazhi 15th) is named as "Thai Maatha Naayagan", at the start of Thai Month (Jan 15th).
There is a small explanation that has to be said for the two Vaasals (entrance). In the human life, there are two separate entrances, (i.e.) entering to the life and getting out of it is the other. In both these Vaasals when entering in to the life and when getting out of it, he could be able to feel the presence of Paramaathma. To make this understand, he resembles himself as "Suriya Narayanan" at the state of Utharayanam and as "Govindan" at the end of Dhakshinayanan at the end of Maargazhi.
The Dhakshinayana Vaasal is the Vaasal or entrance which leads us to the death and it is the place of the stay of Lord yeman, the king of Naragam.
The Uthirayana Vaasal, which is the Vaasal which way that all the Jeevathmas enter in to world as an human being (or) a non living being, is the place of "Lord Guberan", who is the God of wealth.
Even if a person who is well enough in money and his good activity will only lead him towards the Emperumaan. And if a person is very poor and if he is a good hearted and do proper karmas, will lead him to attain the Swargam, the Heaven.
To explain this only, there are two vaasals in this Pundarikaksha Sthalam.
Sri Pundarikakshan, Bhoomi Piratti, Periya piratti, Suriya and Chandiran and Aadisheshan resembles as humans in this sthalam and it can be seen in the Moolavari Place.
Engalaazhvan has written the great "Nadaa thooram Aalukku oppatra pungai Maalai". Nadaathoramaal means Bhakthan who is having full and entire soul of Bhakthi on the God.
The name which has been given Engalaazhvan as "Nadaathoramaal" has a very special story to be said. Every day he gives milk to Emperumaan. Thinking the milk may be hot, he makes it cold by blowing air through his mouth and gives to Emperumaan. On the action of Engalaazhvan as his mother and calls him as "Nadaathoorammaal".
Udaiyavar, Sri Ramanujar, stayed in this sthalam and explained about Vaishnavam and made it grow. Vedantha Desikar in his Hamsa Sandesam has done Mangalaasasanam.
In front of big pillar in his temple, when we make any sound, it replicates and echo around the temple. Because of this, some of paasurams in Divyapprabhandhams are said for 2 or 3 times.
The big festival takes place on the third day of Panguni (March-April) every year when the Lord and Goddess are taken on a procession to the Coloroon river.One can see the Srirangam temple from here, though it is 15 kms away.
Periyalwar and Thirumangai Alwar have each composed 10 paasurams in praise of the Lord here.
Moolavar: The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Pundarikashan.Moolavar in standing position facing east direction.Prathyaksham : Garudan, called as "Periya Thiruvadi", Sibi chakravarthy, Bhoomi Piratti, Maarkandeya Maharishi, Lord Brahma, Lord Shiva.
Shenbagavalli. Also called as "Peri Piraattiyaar Lakshmi Devi". Seperate sannadhi for Thaayar. Utsavar thaayar is named as "Pangajavalli".
ThiruMazhisai Azhvaar refers to this Lord alongside Srirangam Ranganatha and Kudanthai Aaraavamuthan.
Located about 15kms South East of Srirangam, one can reach Anbil via Toll Gate and Lalgudi from Trichy Chatiram bus stand (Bus Number 93 goes direct to Anbil). In centuries gone by, devotees used to walk across the Coloroon from Koviladi Divya Desam, a distance of 2 kms.
Chozha king built the Anbil temple
Sundara Raja Chozhan, the father of Raja Raja Chozhan had stayed here for a night before going for a battle. He laid his weapons before the Lord and sought his blessings. Emerging victorious, he is said to have come back here and built the temple in its current form.
To find salvation from Brahmma’s curse, Shiva went on a pilgrimage begging for food, with Brahmma’s skull as the begging vessel. Every time someone filled the vessel with food, Shiva found to his horror that it vanished immediately. At Uthamar Koil, Goddess Lakshmi filled the vessel with food, thus ending Shiva’s hunger. However, to Shiva’s dismay, Brahmma’s skull still lay fixed on his hand. Shiva is said to have visited this place from Uthamar Koil before going to Kandiyur where he finally got salvation.
This Anbil Sthalam is closely related to great creators. This whole world was created by Lord Brahma and Valmiki Maharishi is great Saint (Muni) and has lots of good thoughts built-in. Both these two persons are very good examples of creating good things and dedicating it to this mighty world.
Based on the Kalyana gunam (Character) and Thiru Vadivam (shape) of Sriman Narayanan, they created good things and presented to the world. Behind this good creation, is the love (or) Anbu in Tamil on God. So, this sthalam is calle as "Anbil".
To all the creative people, all the things they see looks good and beautiful. Like the same way, the God here is Vadivazhagiya Nambi and Thaayar is Azhagiyavalli Naachiyar showing Shundhara - Sorobha Dharshanam.
Sundaram means "beautiful" and "good looking" and Soroobham means the body. Since, the Perumal and Thaayar are said to look good and beautiful, it is said the beauty of them attracts all of His Bhakthaas.
"Anbae Kadavul, Anbae Azhaghu, Anbae Ulagam, Anbae Gnyanam and Anbae Padaippu"This is quote told here and the explanation is "God is love, Beauty is Love, Love is the world, Love is the Gnayanam and Love is the creator. And all these beautiful issues indicates how beauty the Perumal is.
Moolavar: The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Vadivazhagiya Nambi..Moolavar in Kidantha Kolam and in Bhujanga sayanam and facing East direction.
Prathayaksham: Lord Brahma and Vaalmiki.
Thayaar: Andal is seen in a sitting posture here. This is considered as a prarthana sthalam for unmarried women. It is believed that prayers to Andal at this temple will result in them finding the bridegroom
Deities: Sundararajan & The Thayaar of this Sthalam is Azhagiya valli Naachiyaar
Thirumazhisaialwar has sung in praise of this sthalam - 2417.
Once when Thirumezhisai Alwar came here, he was teased to a great extent by the people. He taught of teaching them a lesson and sung a song on Lord Vishnu to appear on him and make the people know that he is Lord Vishnu's ardent devotee, and Lord Vishnu came out of Thirumezhisai Alwar and appeared here as "Vadhivazhagiya Nambi" to make Thirumezhisai Alwar to teach them a lesson.
Pushkarani: Mandooga Pushkarani - Kollidam.
Once when Manduga Maharishi was in penance under water. Saint Dhuruvaasar waited for him on the water shore long time. Since Saint Mandugar has not turned up, Saint Dhuruvaasar cursed him to become frog. So Saint Mandugar came to this place and did penance on Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu appeared before him and whipped off the curse given Saint Dhurvaasar and Saint Mandugar regained his form. So this place was previously called as "Mandugaa (frog) puri". The pond here is also called as "Manduga Theertham".
Vimanam: Dhaaraga Vimanam. Lots of sculptures found here.
Thirupper Nagar - Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple
Location About the Temple:
The sanctum sanctorum is about 30 ft high. Both Anbil and Thirupper nagar are on the two opposite banks of Kaveri river. Reach Thirupper Nagar from Anbil by crossing the Cauvery river. Or reach from Trichy Junction via Kallanai(About 15 miles). Bus facility is available in plenty. Persons who are going to this place should ask for "Koviladi" to visit this sthalam. This place is also known as “Indra Giri”. When going in bus this place is 15 Kms away from Laalkudi - Boothaloor Railway station. No lodging facility.
The Emperuman here in this sthalam says that he will not go out from the hearts of his devotees and as well as from this sthalam. ("Peyarthal means getting out"). So this sthalam is called as "Thirupper Nagar".
Lord Shiva gave Thirupparkadal as milk, when Rishi Ubamanyu was in his childhood crying due to hunger. This is explained in "Siva Puranam".
Thirupparkadal is the place that belongs to Sri Vishnu. But, When Lord Shiva is giving dharshan to his devotee Rishi Ubamanyu, Sri Vishnu is helping him out to give the complete fulfilment of dharshan of Lord Shiva.
To explain more about this, the position of Shri Vishnu in this temple clearly explains how he helped out Lord Shiva. He is giving seva as Ranganathan (In sleeping position) and his right hand is in a position as giving to Rishi Ubamanyu as "Aranga Varadhan" in Kidantha Thirukkolam.
Appam, which is one of the delicious food item done in interior parts of Tamil Nadu. It will be very sweetful if it is taken along with Milk. Sriman Narayanan is giving Appam which is kept inside kudam (A small vessel) which is full of Milk. He is giving this Appam to Ubamanyu Rishi by hugging him along his right hand.
Once when a King called Ubharisaravasu was in penance on Lord Vishnu in a Purasai Forest, Saint Dhurvaasar came by that side. Since Ubharisaravasu was in penance he had not noticed the coming of Saint. Dhurvaasar got angry and cursed him to loose all his strength and power. Ubharisaravasu immediately came to know about it and begged Dhurvaasar to pardon him. Saint Dhurvaasar asked King Ubharisaravasu to go to Palasavana Kshethram near Cauvery River and perform Annadhaanam to 1 Lakh peoples. King immediately left to that place with a battalion of Cook. The population of that place was only few hundreds, so he thought of distributing food to whoever comes to that village. Every Day he was able provide to food for people in thousands. The king was also happy. One Day early morning, an old man came to king and told him that he is very hungry. The king performed his poojas very fast and served food to the old man. The old man ate the complete food prepared for thousands of people and still felt hungry. The king requested the old man to wait for some time to cook again and asked the old man whether he required any snacks in the mean time. The old man asked king to get him Appam in a pot. The Appam was made very fast and king brought it a pot full and gave it to the old man. While eating the Appam old man became Lord Vishnu and removed the curse of king given by Saint Dhurvaasar and laid down there with the pot full of Appam. So the Lord here was called as "Appakkudathaan” and "Appala Ranganathan".
The Good advice given by Sriman Narayanan in this shetram is "There is only one God". So don’t fight for it and avoid Racism.
Since, Lord Emperuman gave Appam to Ubamanyu, the prasadham here for the lord is Appam for evening pooja for Him.
The activity of Sriman Narayanan, who gave the appam was seen in Gnyna Dhirusti of nammalwar who is Thirukkurugoor Biran Sadagopan has compared Thirumaliruncholai and Thiruppernagar and sung 11 paasurams in Thiruvaaimozhi.
In that paasurams, he is explaining how Vishnu is getting out of Thirumaaliruncholai and the way he gives seva to all the people in Thiruppernagar. He has lot of appams in his stomach and gives to all the persons, who are suffering from hunger. Because of this, he doesn't want to get out of Thiruppernagar and sung as "Aara Vayitrinai Adangap Pidithen".
Also, from this shtalam only, Nammalwar started his way to reach Paramapadham.
Thiruvarangam is popularly called as "Periya Kovil". To explain the speciality of Srirangam, here Sriman Narayanan has given the seva as "Appakkundathan". Since, the Sthalam is situated on Cauvery banks and the Lord is in sleeping posture, this place is called as "Kovil Adi". To memorise the situation of Srirangam, the theertham here is Kollidam.
Moolavar: The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Appakkudathaan. He is also called as "Appalaa Ranganathan". Moolavar in Kidantha Kolam (sleeping posture) and in Bhujanga sayanam facing west direction.Many have wrong impression that Perumal is holding the Appakkudam, whereby the fact is that there is at least 1-1.5feet between the Appakkudam and Perumal’s hand.
Thayaar: The Thayaar of this Sthalam is Indira Devi. Also called as "KamalaValli".
Thirukkandiyur - Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple
This is situated in Tanjore (Thanjavur) Tamil Nadu. 6 miles away from Tanjore, 2 miles from Tiruvayyaaru. One bus facility available and no lodging facility.
The temple of this sthalam is 222 feet in length and 115 feet broad in the breadth, on the main road.
Lord Vishnu created Brahmaa when he was in yoga nishtai with five heads. It was a specific creation that later on one of the head would be removed by Shiva in a feud between Shiva and Brahmaa. After the creation of Brahmaa, “Rudraa” and other devas were created out throught His Face. Lord Vishnu wanted to teach a lesson to both Brahmaa and Shiva who were already covered by His Maya (no one is free from this including Shiva, and that’s the reason that puts Lord Vishnu as the Supreme) started to fight for supremacy among themselves due to ignorance created by Vishnu Maya. Shiva could remove one of Brahmaas head, but then the kapaalam of Brahmaa got struck in his palm and would not go. Lord Shiva “wandered” around the world looking for remedy. He was told by Paarvathi, that if he takes “bikshai” from SRI he will be qualified to continue his tapas and then as the next step, he must meditate on Lord Vishnu to seek relief for this Dhosham. He did so at “Thiruk karambanoor”, (also known as Uththamar koil due to the reference given by Thirumangai Aazhwaar on HIM in one of the Paasuram as “Uththaman”), one of the 108 DivyaDesham, and obtained ”bikshai” from SRI there and hence this temple is known as “Bikshaandavan temple”. He later went on to meditate on Lord Vishnu and sought His blessings at “Thirukkandiyoor”.
If anyone gets god's curse from some person, they have to tell the Vimochanam (ie) how to get out of it. But, since Brahma deva was not there, Lord shiva himself felt for what he has done and since that is the Karma, what has been written for him, he left all the things and led his life as pikshandavar.
The sin was done by Lord Shiva and the person on who it was done is on Lord Brahma and the person who came to and gave dharshan at the end of the time of the sin is Lord Vishnu. So, at the end of the Sabha vimochanam, are the three Murthygal, or otherwise called as "Mummoorthigal" was given the seva. Since all the three Murthis gave the Seva at the same time, this Shetram is called "Thirumurthy shetram". The victim who was included in the curse is Lord Shiva. At the end of the Shabha Vimokshanam, the Victim on whom it is done and that is Lord Brahma, who wants them to get out of it is Lord Vishnu, who is the Victim of truth.
Inspite of being a God, even though Shiva did the sin, he did not get out of it, but he really felt for it and begged for food and for all of his needs.
Based on this story only, there were separate Sannadhis for Sriman Narayanan and Brahma devan in Kadhambanoor, Uthamar Koil. Next to this temple is a temple for Lord Shiva. The temple is called as "Brahma Sirakandeeswarar Koil". Siram means head. Since, Brahma devan sabham was warned (Kandanam in Tamil) in this sthalam this sthalam is called "Kandiyoor".
Even though, it might be the God who has done the crime, they have to get the punishment for that. That is the main moral that is told to the world. This is the main moral which has to be rooted inside every human when going through this sthalapuranam.
Near Kandiyoor, there is a small place called "Kalyanapuram" where some special Utsavams are done for Kalyana Venkateswarar. The theertham which is found in front of this temple is called "Bhali Theertham" and theertham which is found in west is called "Kabhala Theertham".
Both Sri Lakshmi Narasimmar and Chakkratalwar are given the seva in the same place (as in front and back). Since, Narasimmar is behind the wall, it is not possible to worship him. Only Chakkratalwar can be worshipped.
The vimaanam of this temple will be like the lotus flower. Sandhaana Gopalan and Navaneedha krishnan are also the Ursavars found in this temple. Kamalam means Lotus. The Shetram is also called as Kamala shetram, the pushkarani is Kamala Pushkarani, the utsavar is Kamalanathan, and the Thaayar is Kamalavalli, this temple is said to built along with Panja Kamala way. Panja means five.
The Brahma devans sculpture is taken out and along with Saraswathi devi, it is kept inside Shivas temple and Lord shiva is kept where the Brahma's sculpture used to placed.
Since, Lord Shiva got the Brahmagarthi dosham, Lord Brahma's sculpture was kept inside shiva's temple. Along the south side of this temple is a sannadhi for Sri Vedantha Desikar, but utsavar is not available.
Moolavar: The Moolavar of this temple is Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchanapperumal. Emperumaan, who is giving seva in Kidantha thirukkolam (lying posture) facing east direction in Utthamar Koil, he is giving seva in this sthalam in Nindra thirukkolam (standing posture) facing east direction.
The shrine is praised in the hymns of Saints Tirunavukkarasar and Arunagiriar. Saint Tirunavukkarasar adivises his own heart to remember the Lord of Kadamba Vanam where He appears with His blue scar in the neck – Neelakanda- as the very Four Vedas and its six Angas and worshipped by those in the celestial world. This is the 65th shrine on the southern bank of Cauvery and mentioned in Thevaram hymns.
13 day Masi Brahmmotsavam in February-March, Thai Poosam in January-February, Vaikasi Visakam in May-June, Aaipasi Skanda Sashti in October-November and Panguni Uthiram in March-April are the festivals in the temple.
Lord Shiva graces in the temple as a Swayambu Linga facing north. Seven Virgins (Saptha Kannikas) are worshipping Him from behind.
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.
Sri Kadamba Vaneswarar temple, Kulithalai-639 104. Karur district.
+91- 4323 - 225 228
The temple graced by Lord Anugnai Vinayaka has its Vimana – tower above the sanctum sanctorum – is of Tridala design. The Rajagopura has five tiers. Lord Shiva is facing north while Lord Dakshinamurthy on the Koshta (wall around the sanctum) is facing south. Lord Chandikeswara is facing west against traditional south and Lord Brahamma east against north. Lord Muruga with His consorts Valli and Deivanai are above the Navagrahas - the nine planets to facilitate worshipping of those affected by Mars planet adverse aspects. Lord Muruga is the deity of Planet Mars. There is also a separate shrine for Sani Bhagwan-Saturn.
Women believe that Lord Shiva would be their constant protector and submit all their grievances at His feet.
Devotees perform wedding festival to Mother and Lord.
Greatness Of Temple:
Saptha Kannikas, the Seven Virgins prayed to Lord Shiva to protect them from the sins caused by killing demon Doomralochana. Lord Shiva is believed to be their security in this place. He also destroyed the demon. Devotees consider Mother Chamundi here as Mother Durga. Hence, there is no special shrine for Mother Durga. Worships to Mother Durga are offered in Shiva shrine itself. Pujas during Rahukala time are performed to Lord Shiva and Mother Durga simultaneously.
Lord Shiva graces as Vamadeva Swyambu (facing north). Cauvery flows in front of the temple. Remembering the occasion of Lord Shiva granting darshan to the Saptha Kannikas, Lord visits Cauvery with Mother Ambica. Also Lords of 7 Shiva temples around the place visit Cauvery the same day, same time. It is a rare opportunity for the devotees to worship 8 Lord Shivas simultaneously. The first part of Aipasi Tula Snanam (bathing in Cauvery in October-November is followed devotionally here with Kalai Kadambar (morning) Sokkar (midday) and Eengoinathar (evening) worships. Morning worship is considered very beneficial
with multiple profits including the one of worshipping the Lord in Kasi in north. The place also has the reputation of being called Dakshina Kasi – Kasi of South.
Mother Muttrila Mulai Ammai graces from a shrine facing east. Paramanathar is the guardian deity of this shrine with his hand on the forehead in a saluting form. People perform abishek to Paramanathar with honey and offer porridge made of Pasi corn, praying Him to be a guardian of their houses too.
Lord Muruga worshipped Lord Shiva here for washing off the sin caused by killing of demon Surapanma. He graces from a shrine in the prakara with His consorts Valli and Deivanai with His six faces, described by Saint Arunagiriar as Lord of six military camps attributed to Him. Lord Lingodhbava is on the Sanctum Koshta-wall around the shrine.
There are two Natarajas with Muyalagan under one and one without. Crescent moon shines on the head.
Devas of the celestial world appealed to Mother Ambica to protect them from the atrocities of Demon Doomralochana. Mother took the form of Durga and fought with the demon. As his boons were very strong, he fought with equal might with Mother. Mother began to feel weak. Lord Shiva deputed Saptha Kannikas to fight him. The demon could not stand their force and hid himself in the hermitage of Maharshi Kathyayana. The virgins mistook the Rishi as the demon and eliminated him and thus incurred Brahmmahathi dosha – a sin that would make the sinner dark with a gruesome face. As advised by Ambica, they performed penance on Lord Shiva and got relieved of the sin when Lord granted them darshan from the Kadamba tree.