ராதே கிருஷ்ணா 10-02-2016
108 திவ்ய தேசங்கள்
108 திவ்ய தேசங்கள்
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A Divya Desam (Tamil: திவ்ய தேசம்) is one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the works of the Tamil Azhvars (saints). Divya means "premium" and Desam indicates "place" (temple). Of the 108 temples, 105 are in India, one is in Nepal, and last two are outside the Earthly realms.The last two are Thirupalkadal and Paramapadam.Tirupalkaddal is the ocean of milk and paramapadam is the Srivaikuntam where lord Narayana presides. Only holy souls are blessed to worship these two divya desams after death and surrender under the lotus feet of Narayana.The Divya Desams are revered by the 12 Azhvars in the Divya Prabandha, a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses. While most Divya Desams follow Thenkalai mode of worship, some follow Vadakalai too among others.
The word azhwar means the one who dives deep into the ocean of the countless attributes of god. Azhwars are considered the twelve supreme devotees of Vishnu, who were instrumental in popularising Vaishnavism during the 5th-8th centuries A.D. The religious works of these saints in Tamil, songs of love and devotion, are compiled as Nalayira Divya Prabandham containing 4000 verses and the 108 temples revered in their songs are classified as Divya desam. The saints had different origins and belonged to different castes. As per tradition, the first three azhwars, Poigai, Bhutha and Pey were born miraculously. Tirumizhisai was the son of a sage, Thondaradi, Mathurakavi, Peria and Andal were from brahmin community, Kulasekhara from Kshatriacommunity, Namm was from a cultivator family, Tirupana from panar community and Tirumangai from kazhwar community. Divya Suri Saritra by Garuda-Vahana Pandita (11th century AD), Guruparamparaprabavam by Pinbaragiya Perumal Jiyar, Periya tiru mudi adaivu by Anbillai Kandadiappan, Yatindra Pranava Prabavam by Pillai Lokacharya, commentaries on Divya Prabandam, Guru Parampara (lineage of Gurus) texts, temple records and inscriptions give a detailed account of the azhwars and their works. According to these texts, the saints were considered incarnations of some form of Vishnu. Poigai is considered an incarnation of Panchajanya (Krishna's conch), Bhoothath of Kaumodakee (Vishnu's Mace/Club), Pey of Nandaka (Vishnu's sword), Thirumalisai of Sudarshanam (Vishnu's discus), Namm of Vishvaksena (Vishnu's commander), Madhurakavi of Vainatheya (Vishnu's eagle, Garuda), Kulasekhara of Kaustubha (Vishnu's necklace), Periy of Garuda (Vishnu's eagle), Andal of Bhoodevi (Vishnu's wife, Lakshmi, in her form as Bhudevi), Thondaradippodi of Vanamaalai (Vishnu's garland), Thiruppaan of Srivatsa (An auspicious mark on Vishnu's chest) and Thirumangai of Saranga (Krishna's bow). The songs of Prabandam are regularly sung in all the Vishnu temples of South India daily and also during festivals.
According to traditional account by Manavala Mamunigal, the first three azhwars namely Poigai, Bhoothath and Pey belong to Dwapara Yuga (before 4200 BC). Modern historians place the period of azhwars from the 5th to 8th century AD, but there is dispute about the chronology and relation between each other. But it is widely accepted by tradition and historians that the trio are the earliest among the twelve azhwars. Along with the three Saiva nayanmars, they influenced the ruling Pallava kings, creating a Bhakti movement that resulted in changing the religious geography from Buddhism and Jainism to these two sects of Hinduism in the region. The azhwars were also instrumental in promoting the Bhagavatha cult and the two epics of India, namely, Ramayana and Mahabaratha. The azhwars were instrumental in spreading Vaishnavism throughout the region. The verses of the various azhwars were compiled by Nathamuni(824-924 AD), a 10th-century Vaishnavite theologian, who called it the "Tamil Veda".
List of Deities in Divyadesams
|S.No.||Divyadesam||Thayar (Lakshmi)||Swamy (Vishnu)|
|1||Srirangam||Ranganayagi||Ranganathar (Periya Perumal)|
|2||Uraiyur||Kamalavalli Vasalakshmi||Azhagiya Manavala Perumal|
|5||Thiruanbil||Soundaryavalli||Sundaramoorthaye Poornaya Perumal|
|6||Thiruppernagar||Indravalli||Appala Ranganatha Perumal|
|7||Thirukandiyur||Kamalavalli||Kamalanatha, Harasabavimochana Perumal|
|10||Thiruppullamboothangudi||Hemabja||Thrudathanvee Ramabadhra Perumal|
|13||Thiruvinnagar||Boodevi||Lavanavarjitha Srinivasa Perumal|
|16||Thirunandhipura Vinnagaram||Shenbagavalli||Jagannatha Perumal|
|17||Thiruvelliyangudi||Maragadhavalli||Srungarasundara Danushbani Ramaya Perumal|
|22||Thiruthanjai Mamanikoil||Rakthapankajavalli||Neelamega Perumal|
|Thanjaiyali Nagar||Thanjanayagi||Narasimha Perumal|
|25||Thiruthalaichanga Nanmadiyam||Siras sanga||Chandrasabahara Perumal|
|27||Thirukazhicheerama Vinnagaram||Loganayagi||Lokanatha Thrivikrama Perumal|
|28||Thirukkavalambadi||Pankajavalli||Gopala Krishna Perumal|
|29||Thiruarimeya Vinnagaram||Amrudhagadavalli||Gadakeli Narthanaya Perumal|
|31||Thirusemponsaikoil||Sweda Pushpavalli||Hemaranganatha Perumal|
|32||Thirumanimadakoil||Pundareegavalli||Sashvatha Deepaya Narayana Perumal|
|33||Thiruvaigunda Vinnagaram||Vaigundavalli||Vaikuntanatha Perumal|
|36||Thiruparthanpalli||Kamala||Parthasarathy roopa, Kamalapathaye Perumal|
|37||Thiruvali & Thirunagari||Amrudhagadavalli||Kedarapathivaraya Perumal|
|43||Thirukkachi - Atthigiri||Perundevi||Devathiraja Perumal|
|48||Thiruppadagam||Rukmani Sathyabama||Pandavadootha Perumal|
|49||Thiru Nilathingal Thundam||Chandrasoodavalli||Chandrasooda Perumal|
|56||Thiruparamechura Vinnagaram||Vaigundavalli||Vaikundanatha Perumal|
|59||Thiruvallur||Kanagavalli||Vaidhya Veeraraghava Perumal|
|68||Thirukkandamenum Kadinagar||Pundareegavalli||Neelamega Perumal|
|72||Thiruvaipadi||Rukmani Sathyabama||Navamohanakrishna Perumal|
|73||Thirudwaragai||Lakshmi||Rukmanyadhi Ashtamahishi, Dwarakadeesa Perumal|
|74||Thirusingavelkundram||Amruthavalli Senchulakshmi||Lakshminarasimha Perumal|
|75||Thiruvengadam(Mel Thirupathi)||Padmavathi||Srinivasa Perumal|
|77||Thiruvithuvakodu||Vithuvakoduvalli||Sri Abhayapradhaya Perumal|
|91||Thiruvaigundam (Navathirupathi)||Boonayagi, Vaigundavalli||Vaikuntanatha Perumal|
|92||Thiruvaragunamangai (navathirupathi)||Varagunavalli||Vijayasana Perumal|
|93||Thiruppuliangudi (Navathirupathi)||Boonayagi||Boomipalaya Vairinedharchidha Gopaya Perumal|
|95||Thirukkulandai(Navathirupathi)||Baligavalli Padmavathi||Srinivasa Perumal|
|97||Thirupperai (Navathirupathi)||Kundalakarnadevi||Dheerga Magarakundaladharaya Perumal|
|98||Thirukkurugur (Navathirupathi)||Aadhinathavalli||Aadhinatha Perumal|
|104||Thirukkoshtiyur||Mahalakshmi||Uraga Mrudusayanaya Perumal|
|105||Thiruppullani||Kalyanavalli, Padmasani||Kalyana Jagannatha Perumal|
|107||Thiruparkadal||Bhoo samudra Dhanya||Ksheerabdhi Natha Perumal|
List of Divya Desams
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108 Divya DesangaL
Srivaishnava DivyaDesam - Sri Mahavshnu Kshetrams
Welcome to our Virtual tour. Now we will go you through the Divya Desams with rare and beautiful images of PerumaL and Thayar (wherever available). Since we would like to present unique and rare images it will be a long journey and we would appreciate your patience. Now sit back and with a click of your mouse enjoy a visit to divya desams.
In Hinduism, Sri Mahavishnu is the most powerful and much-worshipped God. As India is surrounded by oceans, in the same way the devotion to Lord God known as Bhakti is also spread and spred throughout our country. Emperumaan Sriman Narayanan who is the Paramathma is manifest in all souls the Jeevathmas, is found from Himalayas to Kanyakumari in various thirukkolamgal (posture or position) in various sthalams (places).
Out of these Sthalams, Alwars, who are said to be the amsam of Sriman Narayanan, have sung Mangalasasanam (sung in praise of The Lord God) on the Perumal and there are totally 108 Sthalams where Alwars have done Mangalasasanam on the Perumal. These 108 Vishnu Sthalams are called as "Divyadesams", literally meaning Holy Shrine spots.
The 108 Divya Desams or Tirupatis (Sriyah Pathihi) are sacred places were sung upon by Azhwars, the ultimate devotees of Narayana. There are 106 on the Indian Subcontinent (105 in India and 1 in Nepal). The remaining two, Tirupparkadal and Srivaikuntam, can be accessed only when one leaves this world. The Tirupparkadal is the "ocean of milk" and the Srivaikuntam is the domain where LORD NARAYANApresides.
Here we go:
In between the Pallava and the Chola kingdom lay an undefined small region called the Nadu nadu or mid country. The Pallava country was also known as Tondaimandalam or Tondai nadu which was boundary on the north by the Svarnamukhi River and on the south by the South Pennar. The Chola country known as Chozha nadu lay between the South Pennar and the Cauvery rivers. The Pandya kingdom lay south of the Cauvery right down to the sea. The western half of the extreme south (ruled by the Chera dynasty) extending to the Arabian sea was called the Malai nadu or Hill country. The remaining part of India to the north of the Tondai mandalam was known as the Vada nadu or Vadugar nadu (the country of the northerners). Accordingly, the listing arranged below shows the sacred places on regional basis adopted by the Sri Vaishnavas.
In the SriVaishNava sampradAyam, a divya dEsam is a temple whose perumAL has been sung about by atleast one AzhvAr. This is called ``maNgaLAsAsanam". There are 108 divya dEsams, 106 of them on this earth and 2 that are not. By far, the majority of these divya dEsams are in Tamizh nAdu. There are a few in the current day state of Kerala, and a couple in the current state of Andhra PradhEsh. There are also a few divya dEsams in Northern India.
Following is a list of 108 Divya Desam presented in multiple sections according to their location. We have also provided the list of Azhvaar Mangalaasaasanam for each of the Divya Desam. Each divya dEsam has the paasuram number as found in the NAlAyira Divya Prabandham known as DrAvida Veda Sagaram
Among the twelve aazhvaars, only 11 composed hymns on the 108 Divya dEsams. Poykaiaazhvaar composed hymns on 6 Divya dEsam, boothathaazhvaar on 13, peyaazhvaar on 15, thirumazhisai aazhvaar on 17, nammaazhvaar on 37, kulasekaraazhvaar on 9, periyaazhvaar on 18, Sri Andaal on 11 and thondaradip podiyaazhvaar on 1, respectively. Madhurakavi Azhvaar glorified Nammazhvaar in his hymns.
I would like to thank Sri N. Sampath of Madras, India, who took time and effort to gather the details regarding the 106 Divya Desam.
Welcome to our Divya desam page. Probably you may be aware that the Srivaishnava shrines and Holy stations known as Divya Desam or Divya Kshetram that were sung by divine saints known as Azhvars (who lived in Southern part of India in this Kali Yuga). There are 108 divya desams in total and two of them are not in this material world. They are Parama padam and ThiruppaRkadal. Other 105 temples are located in India and 1 divya desam is located in Nepal (SaLagramam). We will present you some basic information about each temple and would take you through all the relevant information right from how to reach there, Stay details etc . Since there are plenty of similar sites which basically provide beautiful images of the Lord God known as Perumal in these DivyaDesams we will concentrate only on rare information on each of the Kshetram.
Having said about the glory of divya desams, it is a sad truth that most of the temples are in need of financial support even to take care of day to day rituals. Those days the ruling kings have given plenty of fertile lands and jewels to temples for its maintenance and festivals known as utsavams; now the temples not being looked after properly. We, the devotees of the Sriya: pathi should do our best to take care of these temples. Please come forward and choose one divya desam of your choice and support it for at least daily ritual. I can guide you through how to go about on undertaking this kaimkaryam .Also please visit thedivya desams when ever possible and seek the blessings of Emperuman Lord Sriman NARayaNa, there. HE is patiently waiting for us to bless us and that is the only reason for HIM to be here in this material world. Those days Azhvars, particularly Thirumangai Azhvar has visited as much as 87 divya desams on foot and sung poem in His glory, (Mangalasasanam to Lord - PerumaL.) Now with the easily accessible facilities of multi-mode transportation, it is more easier to visit the temples. So make a vow to yourself to visit divya desams first around your home town and then expand your visits to other areas. For your convenience we have **grouped the divya desams in an order which will facilitate an easy Kshetraadanam known as Tour - A Divya DEsa YAtra.
Thanks for your interest. Hope you will enjoy these pages. Please do leave your feedback, suggestions & comments in the guest book.
** Though the listing of pages (Numbering from id161.shtml to id268.shtml) are according to the original Kshetra listing and sequence, the links provided above are differently arranged for easier access so as to prepare your itinerary in a less time consuming way with shortest possible routes. This is just based on grouping the temples with its location-wise. Also, a separate page dedicated to the Divya DEsa Divya Thampathi NAmAvaLi is provided.
You can also find the respective Mangalasasanam poems by Each Azhwar that they sung at each Kshetram. The Pasuram numbers along with names of Azhwar and the Kshetram is listed in this page.
Divya desams in Chozha naadu(Present Tanjavour,Trichy districts)
001. Srirangam (Aranga Maanagar, Thiruvarangam)
004. Thiru veLLaRai
006. ThiruppEr nagar
008. Thirukkodalur (Thirukkoodalur)
012. Kumbakonam (Thirukkudanthai)
013. Oppili Appan koil
014. Naachchiyaar koil
019. Nagaippattinam020. Thanjai MaamaNik koil
021. Thiru Nandhipura viNNagaram
022. VeLLiyangkudi023. TherazhunthUr
024. SiRu puliyur
027. KaavaLam paadi
029. Arimeya viNNagaram
030. VaN purushoththamam
031. Thiru semponsey koil
032. Thiru maNi maadak koil
033. Vaikundha viNNagaram
034. Thiru vaali Thiru nagari
035. Thiru Thevanaar thogai
036. Thiru theRRiyambalam
037. Thiru maNik koodam
038. Annan koil
039. Parththan paLLi
Divya desams in Nadu naadu (Near Cuddalore)
Divya desams in Thondai naadu (Madras,Kanchi areas)
043. Kachchi, Aththigiri (Kanchipuram, Kancheevaram, Kanjeevaram)
044. Ashtapuyakaram (Kanchi)
047. Thiru neerakam
049. Thiru nilaath thungaL thuNdam
050. Thiru Urakam
051. Thiru Veqkaa
055. ThiruppavaLa vaNNam
056. Thirup ParamEsvara viNNagaram
057. Thirup putkuzhi
058. Thiru ninRavUr
059. ThiruvaLLur (Thiru EvvuLLUr)
060. ThiruvallikkENi (Thiru AllikkeNi)
062. Thiru Idavendhai
063. Thirukkadal Mallai
(Thiruk Kadigai, Sozhasimhapuram)
Divya desams in North India (Vada naadu)
068. ThirukkaNdam kadinagar
075. Thiru vEngadam
(Sapthagiri, Thirumala, Tirumalai, Thirupathi)
Divya desams in Malai Naadu (Kerala)
076. Thiru naavaay
077. Thiru viththuvakkOdu
078. Thiruk kaatkarai
079. Thiru mUzhikkaLam
080. Thiru vallavaazh
081. Thiruk kadiththaanam
082. Thiruch chengkunRanUr
084. ThiruvaaRan viLai
085. Thiru vaN vaNdUr
086. Thiru anantha puram
088. Thiru vaN paricharam
Divya desams in Paandiya Naadu (Madurai, Srivillipuththur, Thirunelveli areas)
089. Thiruk Karungkudi
092. VaraguNa mangai
093. Thirup PuLingkudi
094. Thiruth Tholaivilli Mangalam
097. Then ThiruppErai
098. Azhvar Thirunagari
102. Thirumaalirum sOlai (Thirumaaliruncholai)
106. Thiru meyyam
Divya desams in out of this world.
Among the 108 Temples known as Divyadesam for Srivaishnavites, only 106 visibly located on the mother Earth. Rest two known are (the most Srivaishnavites would like to visit on attaining the Moksha, to liberate themselves from rebirth) known as Thiruparkadal and Sri Vaikuntham - The Abodes of Sri Maha Vishnu. These are the places worshipped and sung by great Tamil Saints known as Alwars, the saintly poets who immersed themselves in the divine ocean of Lord Vishnu. Divyadesams are also Divya Kshetrams. Those who have seen these two places are not with us to elaborate and those who elaborate about these places are never seen it! (Kandavar Vindadillai, Vindavar Kandadillai!). Yet, the great Maharishis and Munis and Sages, who could visualize these places with their sheer power of Njana Drushti had given us some light on the two Eternal Divya Desa kshetraams. Thus we could get some know on these two most important Abode of Sri Maha Vishnu.
Emperumaan, Lord Sriman Narayanan is found in various Thirukkolam. The Thirukkolam (Appearance of His revered Idols) in 108 Divyakshetrams are listed below:
Kidantha Thirukkolam (Sleeping Posture) - 27 Divyadesams
Veetrirundha Thirukkolam (Sitting Position) - 21 Divyadesams
Nindra Thirukkolam (Standing Position) - 60 Divyadesams
Out of these 108 Divyadesams, as we have seen that The Lord ( Perumal) is appearing in various Thirukkolam (Postures), he is also facing his Thirumugham (Face) on various directions and giving his seva darshan, as below:
The Lord appears facing Towards East direction at 79 temples, facing towards West direction - 19, facing towards North direction - 3 and facing towards South direction in 7 temples.
Additional information with Divyakshetra route, history, and other details posted in the following pages.. Please do not forget to sign in my guest-book and to make your comments please click HERE.
My sincere and heart felt thanks to Sri Ingimedu Ranganathan (known as Murali of Hyderabad) and his father - my maternal uncle Pt. Ingimedu Narasimhan (Chellappa) for making and presenting these pages a grand one. All the credits goes to Mr. Ingimedu Ranganathan for his full efforts in taking time to type, decorate and make it a presentable article with beautiful photograph of the Lord Sriman NArAyaNa. May Sri Lakshmi Nrusimha shower His blessings to the family of Sri Ingimedu Chellappa without whose help these pages would have been a distant dream for me. May every visitor to these pages, too get the Blessings of Lord Sriman NArAyaNA.
Rare Images and beautiful photographs of all Srivaishnava Divya Desam are published in 3 different pages, with each page providing 36 images. I split these images into three pages to save uploading time of the images. These are quite apart from the other photographs of many Divya Kshetrams published under the Image Gallery. Here below are the links for Images:
Click here to view all 108 photographs & images at a single location. (It might take a bit longer to load all images in a single page).
Click here to view the Mangalasasanam Poems of Each Divya Desam by respective Azhwars.
Click here to view/download Divya_Desa Divya Thampathi Namavali.
Mukkur - TRS Iyengar
To proceed with the Virtual Divya Desa Yatra, please click on the link for each Kshetram provided 001 to 108 above. For easy navigation, the Link provided in each page with marking to previous & next pages, but according to sequence listing.
A special mention about the wordings used in these pages for the non-Tamil persons to understand, a brief Glossary:
Emperuman, Emperumanaar, Perumal: Lord God Sriman NArAyaNa (Sri Maha Vishnu)
PirAtti, Devi, NAchhiyAr: Goddess
Kshetram, Divya Desam: Divine Place
MangaLAsAsanam: Poem recited by the Azhwars in praise of the Divine place & Lord they worshiped there
PAsuram: Poem in cuplets
Prathyaksham: His persona-fids appearance
Rishis, Munis: Sages & Saints
Thirumugam: Divine Face
ThirukkOlam: Divine posture
Varam: a Boon from the Lord God