ராதே கிருஷ்ணா 21-09-2012
A. R. Rahman
|A. R. Rahman|
A. R. Rahman in 2007
|Also known as||A. R. Rahman, A. R. R.|
|Born||6 January 1966 Madras, Madras State, India|
|Genres||Film score, electronic, dance,classical|
|Occupations||Singer, songwriter, composer,record producer, music director, arranger,entrepreneur, philanthropist,conductor|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, percussion,drums, harpejji, continuum fingerboard, keyboard, piano,accordion, goblet drum,concert harp|
|Labels||K. M. Musiq|
|Associated acts||Nemesis Avenue, SuperHeavy|
Allah Rakha Rahman (born 6 January 1966) is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, musician, multi-instrumentalist and philanthropist. Described as the world's most prominent and prolific film composer by Time, his works are notable for integrating Eastern classical music with electronic music sounds, world music genres and traditional orchestral arrangements. He has won two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, four National Film Awards, fifteen Filmfare Awards and thirteen Filmfare Awards South in addition to numerous other awards and nominations. His extensive body of work for film and the stage earned him the nickname “the Mozart of Madras” and several Tamil commentators and fans have coined him the nickname Isai Puyal (English: Music Storm). In 2009, Time placed Rahman in its list ofWorld's Most Influential People. The UK based World Music magazine Songlines named him one of 'Tomorrow's World Music Icons' in August 2011.
Having set up his own in-house studio called Panchathan Record Inn at Chennai, arguably one of Asia’s most sophisticated and high-tech studios, Rahman's film scoring career began in the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's various film industries,international cinema and theatre, Rahman is one of the world's all-time top selling recording artists. In a notable career spanning two decades, Rahman has garnered particular acclaim for redefining contemporary Indian film music and thus contributing to the success of several films. Rahman is currently one of the highest paid composers of the motion picture industry. He has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for beneficial causes and supporting charities.
A. R. Rahman was born in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India to a musically affluent Mudaliar Tamil family. His father R. K. Shekhar, was a film music composer and conductor for Tamil as well as Malayalam films. Rahman used to assist his father during recordings and playkeyboard for the songs. Rahman lost his father at the age of 9 and his family had to rent out his father's musical equipment as their source of income. Rahman was raised by his mother Kareema (born Kashturi). During these formative years, Rahman served as a keyboard player and an arranger in bands such as "Roots", with childhood friend and percussionist Sivamani, John Anthony, Suresh Peters, JoJo and Raja. Rahman is the founder of the Chennai-based rock group, "Nemesis Avenue". He mastered various music instruments like Keyboard, Piano, Synthesizer, Harmonium and Guitar. His curiosity in Synthesizer in particular, increased because, he says, it was the "ideal combination of music and technology".
He began early training in music under Master Dhanraj. At the age of 11, he started playing musical instruments in the orchestra of Malayalam composer and a close friend of Rahman's father, M. K. Arjunan. Soon he started working with other composers such as M. S. Viswanathan, Ilaiyaraaja, Ramesh Naidu, Raj-Koti and also accompanied Zakir Hussain, Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan and L. Shankar on world tours and obtained a scholarship with Trinity College, London, board of theTrinity College of Music. Studying in Chennai, he graduated with graded examinations and a diploma in Western classical music via the college. He was introduced to Qadiri Islam when his younger sister fell severely ill in 1984. Subsequently, Rahman along with other members of his family converted to Islam in 1989, when he was 23 years old. He changed his name from A. S. Dileep Kumar to Allah Rakha Rahman i.e. A. R. Rahman.
Film scoring and soundtracks
When he was nine, Rahman accidentally played a tune on piano during his father's recording for a film, which R. K. Shekhar later developed into a complete song, "Vellithen Kinnam Pol", for the Malayalam film Penpada. This track credited to his father, was sung byJayachandran and penned by Bharanikkavu Sivakumar. His film career began in 1992, when he started Panchathan Record Inn, a music recording and mixing studio attached to the backyard of his house. Over time it would become the most advanced recording studio in India, and arguably one of Asia’s most sophisticated and high-tech studios. He initially composed scores for documentaries, jingles for advertisements and Indian Television channels and other projects. In 1987 Rahman, then still known as Dileep got his first opportunity to compose jingles for new range of watches being launched by Allwyn. In 1992, he was approached by film director Mani Ratnam to compose the score and soundtrack for Ratnam's Tamil film Roja. The debut led Rahman to receive the Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus) award for Best Music Director at the National Film Awards, an unprecedented win for a first-time film composer. Rahman has since been awarded the Silver Lotus three more times for Minsara Kanavu (Tamil) in 1997, Lagaan (Hindi) in 2002, Kannathil Muthamittal (Tamil) in 2003, the most ever by any composer.
Roja's score met with high sales and acclaim in both its original and dubbed versions, led by the theme song "Chinna Chinna Aasai" bringing about a marked change in film music at the time. Rahman followed this with successful scores for Tamil–language films of theChennai film industry including Ratnam's politically charged Bombay, the urbanite Kadhalan, Thiruda Thiruda and S. Shankar's debut film Gentleman, spurred by the popular dance song "Chikku Bukku Rayile". Rahman worked with director Bharathiraaja'sKizhakku Cheemayile and Karuththamma, producing successful Tamil rural folk inspired scores and delivered the grand saxophonic score for K. Balachander's Duet. The 1995 film Indira and the romantic comedies Mr. Romeo and Love Birds all gained him considerable notice. His fanbase in Japan increased with Muthu 's success there. His soundtracks gained him recognition in the Tamil Nadu film industry and around the world for his stylistic versatility incorporating Western classical, Carnatic and Tamil traditional/folk music traditions, jazz, reggae and rock music. The soundtrack of Bombay sold 12 million copies worldwide. The "Bombay Theme"—from Ratnam's Bombay—would later reappear in his score of Deepa Mehta's Fire and various compilations and media around the world. It was featured in the Palestinian film Divine Intervention in 2002, and in the Nicolas Cage filmLord of War, in 2005. Rangeela, directed by Ram Gopal Varma, marked Rahman's debut for Hindi-language films made in the Mumbai film industry. Many successful scores for films including Dil Se.. and the percussive Taal followed. Sufi mysticism would inspire the track "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from the former, as well as the composition "Zikr" from his score for the film Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero for which he created large symphonic orchestral and choral arrangements. His score for the Chennai production Minsaara Kanavu garnered Rahman his second National Film Award for Best Music Direction in 1997, and a South FilmFare Award for Best Music Direction in a Tamil film, breaking a record with six consecutive wins in the latter category. Rahman would go onto win the award a further three consecutive times. Musical cues in scores for Sangamam and Iruvar employed Carnatic vocals and instruments such as the veena with leads of rock guitar and jazz. In the 2000s Rahman created hit scores for Rajiv Menon'sKandukondain Kandukondain, Alaipayuthey, Ashutosh Gowariker's Swades and Rang De Basanti. He composed songs with Hindustani motifs for Water (2005).
Rahman has worked with Indian poets and lyricists such as Javed Akhtar, Gulzar, Vairamuthu and Vaali. He has consistently produced commercially successful soundtracks when collaborating with particular film directors such as Mani Ratnam, who he has worked withsince Roja, and the director S. Shankar in the films Gentleman, Kadhalan, Indian, Jeans, Mudhalvan, Nayak, Boys, Sivaji and lately forEnthiran.
In 2005, Rahman extended his Panchathan Record Inn studio by establishing AM Studios in Kodambakkam, Chennai, thereby creating the most cutting-edge studio in Asia. In 2006, Rahman launched his own music label, KM Music. Its first release was his score to the film Sillunu Oru Kaadhal. Rahman scored the Mandarin language picture Warriors of Heaven and Earth in 2003 after researching and utilizing Chinese and Japanese classical music, and won the Just Plain Folks Music Award For Best Music Albumfor his score of the 2006 film Varalaru (God Father). He co-scored the Shekhar Kapur project and his first British film, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, in 2007. He garnered an Asian Film Award nomination for Best Composer at the Hong Kong International Film Festivalfor his Jodhaa Akbar score. His compositions have been sampled for other scores within India, and appeared in such films asInside Man, Lord of War, Divine Intervention and The Accidental Husband. In 2008, Rahman scored his first Hollywood picture, the comedy Couples Retreat released the next year, which won him the BMI London Award for Best Score. Rahman scored the filmSlumdog Millionaire in 2008, for which he won a Golden Globe and two Academy Awards, becoming the first Asian to do so. The songs "Jai Ho" and "O…Saya" from the soundtrack of this film met with commercial success internationally. In 2010, Rahman composed scores for the romance film Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa, blockbuster sci-fi romance film Enthiran and Danny Boyle's 127 Hours. Rahman started off the year 2011 by scoring Imtiaz Ali's musical film Rockstar. The soundtrack became a phenomenal success and earned Rahman immense critical praise.
Performing and other projects
Rahman has been involved in several projects aside from film. Vande Mataram, an album of his original compositions released on India's 50th anniversary of independence in 1997, enjoyed great commercial success. Vande Mataram is one of the largest selling Indian non-film album to date. He followed it up with an album for the Bharat Bala–directed video Jana Gana Mana, a conglomeration of performances by many leading exponents and artists of Indian classical music. Rahman has written jingles for ads and composed several orchestrations for athletic events, television and internet media publications, documentaries and short films. He frequently enlists the Czech Film Orchestra, Prague and the Chennai Strings Orchestra.
In 1999, Rahman partnered with choreographers Shobana and Prabhu Deva and a Tamil cinema dancing troupe to perform with Michael Jackson in Munich, Germany at his "Michael Jackson and Friends" concert. In 2002, he composed the music for his maiden stage production, Bombay Dreams, commissioned by musical theatre composer Andrew Lloyd Webber. Finnish folk music band Värttinäcollaborated with Rahman to write the music for The Lord of the Rings theatre production and in 2004, Rahman composed the piece "Raga's Dance" for Vanessa-Mae's album Choreography performed by Mae and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
Since 2004, Rahman has performed three successful world tours to audiences in Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Dubai, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and India.He has been collaborating with Karen David for her upcoming studio album. A two-disc soundtrack, Introducing A. R. Rahman (2006) featuring 25 of his pieces from Tamil film scores was released in May 2006, and his non-film album, Connections was released on 12 December 2008. Rahman also performed at the White House State dinner arranged by US President Barack Obama during the official visit of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on November 24, 2009. Rahman is one of over 70 artists who performed on "We Are the World 25 for Haiti", a charity single to raise emergency relief funds in the wake of the2010 Haiti earthquake. In 2010, Rahman composed "Jai Jai Garvi Gujarat" in honor of the 50th anniversary of the formation of Gujarat State, "Semmozhiyaana Thamizh Mozhiyaam" as part of World Classical Tamil Conference 2010, and the official theme song of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, "Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto". Rahman organised his first world tour, named A. R. Rahman Jai Ho Concert: The Journey Home World Tour, in 2010. The ongoing tour was kicked off on June 11 at the Nassau Coliseum in New York and will span 16 major cities worldwide.
Some of his notable compositions were performed live by the London Philharmonic Orchestra in April 2010. In February 2011, Rahman collaborated with Michael Bolton for his new studio album Gems – The Duets Collection. Rahman reworked on his song "Sajna" from the 2009 American film Couples Retreat to create the track.
On 20 May 2011, English musician Mick Jagger announced the formation of a new supergroup, SuperHeavy, which includes Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, Damian Marley, and Rahman. The band's self-titled album is slated for release in September 2011. The album will see Mick Jagger singing in Rahman's composition "Satyameva Jayate", which translates to "the truth alone triumphs".
In January 2012, it was announced the German Film Orchestra Babelsberg would join KM Music Conservatory musicians in a 100-member concert tour of five Indian cities performing Rahman's compositions. The tour, named "Germany and India 2011–2012: Infinite Opportunities'. Classic Incantations", will mark the centenary of Indian cinema and of Studio Babelsberg, the world's oldest film studio.
In Summer 2012, Rahman composed a Punjabi song for the London Olympics opening ceremony, organized by Danny Boyle. It will be a part of a medley which will showcase Indian influence in the UK, according to Boyle's wishes. Another Indian musician, Ilaiyaraja's song from Tamil-language film Ram Lakshman (1981), has also been chosen as part of the medley.
Music style and impact
Skilled in Carnatic music, Western classical, Hindustani music and the Qawwali style of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Rahman has been noted to write film songs that amalgamate elements of these music systems and other genres, layering instruments from differing music idioms in an improvisatory manner. Symphonic orchestral themes have accompanied his scores, occasionally employingleitmotif. In the 1980s, Rahman recorded and played arrangements on monophonic sound, synonymous with the era of his musical predecessors K. V. Mahadevan and Vishwanathan–Ramamoorthy. In later years his methodology changed as he experimented with the fusion of traditional instruments with new electronic sounds and technology.
Rahman's musical interests and outlook stem from his love of experimentation. Rahman's compositions, in the vein of past and contemporary Chennai film composers, bring out auteuristic uses of counterpoint, orchestration and the human voice, melding Indian pop music with unique timbre, forms and instrumentation. By virtue of these qualities, broad ranging lyrics and his syncretic style, the appeal of his music cuts across the spectrum of classes and cultures within Indian society.
His first soundtrack for Roja was listed in Time's "10 Best Soundtracks" of all time in 2005. Film critic Richard Corliss felt the "astonishing debut work parades Rahman's gift for alchemizing outside influences until they are totally Tamil, totally Rahman."Rahman's initial global reach is attributed to the South Asian diaspora. The music producer Ron Fair considers Rahman to be "one of the world's great living composers in any medium".
The director Baz Luhrmann notes
|“||I had come to the music of A. R. Rahman through the emotional and haunting score of Bombay and the wit and celebration of Lagaan. But the more of AR's music I encountered the more I was to be amazed at the sheer diversity of styles: from swinging brass bands to triumphant anthems; from joyous pop to West-End musicals. Whatever the style, A. R. Rahman's music always possesses a profound sense of humanity and spirit, qualities that inspire me the most.||”|
Rahman has introduced the 7.1 technology in south Indian movies to provide better output.
Rahman was the 1995 recipient of the Mauritius National Award and the Malaysian Award for contributions to music. He was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for his first West-End production. A four-time National Film Award winner and recipient of six Tamil Nadu State Film Awards, fifteen Filmfare Awards and thirteen Filmfare Awards South for his music and scores.He has been conferred Kalaimamani from the Government of Tamil Nadu for excellence in the field of music, special music achievement awards from the Government of Uttar Pradesh andGovernment of Madhya Pradesh and the Padma Shri from the Government of India. In 2006, he received an honorary award from Stanford University for contributions to global music. In 2007, Rahman was entered into the Limca Book of Records as "Indian of the Year for Contribution to Popular Music". He is the 2008 Lifetime Achievement Award recipient from the Rotary Club of Madras. In 2009, for his score of Slumdog Millionaire, Rahman won theBroadcast Film Critics Association Award, the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score,the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music, and two Academy Awards for Best Original Music Scoreand Best Original Song at the 81st Academy Awards. Rahman has received honorary doctorates from Middlesex University and Aligarh Muslim University. Later the year Rahman was conferred the honorary doctorate from Anna University in Chennai. He has also won two Grammy Awards, for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album and Best Song Written for a Visual Media. Rahman was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honor, in 2010. Rahman's work for the film 127 Hours garnered him Golden Globe, BAFTA, and two Academy Award nominations for Best Original Music Score and Best Original Song in 2011. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Trinity College of Music, presented to him byTrinity College London.
On May 7, 2012, he was conferred Honorary Doctorate from the Miami University, Ohio. During the acceptance speech, he mentioned that he received a Christmas card from the US President's family and an invitation for the dinner at White House.
He is married to Saira Banu and has three children, Khatija, Rahima, and Ameen. Ameen sings the track "NaNa" from Couples Retreat and his daughter Khatija the track "Pudhiya Manidha" from Enthiran. Rahman is the uncle of composer G. V. Prakash Kumar, who is the son of Rahman's elder sister, A. R. Reihana. Prakash Kumar's first work in film was singing on the Rahman composition "Chikku Bukku Rayile" from his score to the 1993 film Gentleman. A. R. Reihana debuted in film singing on the track "Vidai Kodu Engal Naadae" from Kannathil Muthamittal and is also a music director. Rahman's younger sister Fathima is in charge of his Music conservatory in Chennai. The youngest Ishrath has her own music studio. A. R. Rahman is brother-in-law of film actorRahman.
An atheist through much of his childhood, in 1989 Rahman converted to Islam, the religion of his mother's family. After the early death of his father, his family went through hard times and Sufism had a great influence on his mother and slowly on his family. During the 81st Academy Awards ceremony, he paid tribute to his mother, saying "There is a Hindi dialogue, mere pass ma hai, which means 'even if I have got nothing I have my mother here'." He also began his own catchphrase, "Ella pughazhum iraivanukke", in Tamilwhich literally means "All praises dedicated to God". The phrase was popularized after Rahman uttered it prior to his speech at the 81st Academy Awards ceremony.
Rahman is involved in various charitable causes. In 2004, he was appointed as the Global Ambassador of the Stop TB Partnership, a project by WHO. He has shown support to charities including Save the Children, India, and worked with Yusuf Islam for his song "Indian Ocean". The song featured a-ha keyboard player Magne Furuholmen and drummer Travis, Neil Primrose. The proceeds of the song went towards helping orphans in Banda Aceh, that was affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. He produced the single "We Can Make It Better" by Don Asian alongside Mukhtar Sahota. In 2008, Rahman opened his KM Music Conservatory partnered with Audio Media Education facility to tutor and train aspiring musicians in vocals, instruments, music technology and sound design. The conservatory – with preeminent musicians on its panel and a newly founded symphony orchestra – is located near his studio inKodambakkam, Chennai, offering courses at Beginners, Foundation and Diploma level. Violinist L. Subramaniam is on its board of advisors. Several of Rahman's proteges from the studio have gone onto score music for feature films. Rahman composed the theme music for a short film for The Banyan in 2006, in aid of destitute women in Chennai. In 2008, Rahman with noted percussionist Sivamani created a song titled "Jiya Se Jiya", inspired by the Free Hugs Campaign and promoted it through a video shot in various cities in India.
A. R. Rahman discography
|Year||Tamil||Hindi||English||Other languages||Dubbed Releases|
|1992||Roja •||Roja (Telugu, Malayalam, Hindi, Marathi)|
|1992||Yodha • (Malayalam)||Dharam Yodha (Hindi), Asokan (Tamil), Yoddha(Telugu)|
|1993||Thiruda Thiruda•||Donga Donga (Telugu), Chor Chor (Hindi)|
|1993||Vandicholai Chinraasu •||Bobili Paparayudu (Telugu)|
|1993||Kizhakku Cheemayile •||Palnati Pourusham(1994) ♦ (Telugu)|
|1993||Pudhiya Mannargal •|
|1993||Pudhiya Mugam•||Vishwavidhaata(1997) ♦||Padmavyuham (Telugu)|
|1993||Nippu Ravva• # (Telugu)|
|1993||Gentleman •||Gentleman (Telugu)|
|1994||Super Police • (Telugu)||Super Police (Tamil), Khel Khiladi Ka (1996) (Hindi)|
|1994||May Madham •||Love You Hamesha(2001) ♦||Hrudayanjali (1999) (Telugu)|
|1994||Karuththamma •||Vanitha (Telugu)|
|1994||Kadhalan •||Humse Hai Muqabla (1995) (Hindi), Premikudu(1995) (Telugu)|
|1994||Duet •||Tu Hi Mera Dil(1995) (Hindi), Duet(1995) (Telugu)|
|1994||Gangmaster • (Telugu)||Manitha Manitha (Tamil)|
|1995||Indira •||Priyanka (Hindi), Indira (Telugu)|
|1995||Bombay •||Bombay (Hindi, Telugu)|
|1995||Rangeela •||Rangeela (Tamil), Rangeli (Telugu)|
|1995||Muthu •||Muthu (Telugu), Muthu Maharaja (2001) (Hindi),Muthu: The Dancing Maharaja (Japanese)|
|1996||Love Birds •||Love Birds (1997) (Hindi, Telugu)|
|1996||Indian •||Hindustani (Hindi), Bharateeyudu (Telugu)|
|1996||Kadhal Desam •||Duniya Dilwalon Ki (Hindi), Premadesam (Telugu)|
|1996||Fire •||Fire •|
|1996||Mr. Romeo •||Mr. Romeo (Telugu, Hindi)|
|1997||Minsara Kanavu•||Sapnay (Hindi), Merupu Kalalu (Telugu)|
|1997||Iruvar •||Iddaru (Telugu)|
|1997||Daud •||Ottam (Tamil), 50–50 (Telugu)|
|1997||Ratchagan •||Rakshakudu (Telugu)|
|1998||Jeans •||Jeans (Hindi, Telugu)|
|1998||Dil Se.. •||Uyire (Tamil), Prematho (Telugu)|
|1998||Kabhi Na Kabhi•||Mona Lisa (Tamil)|
|1998||Earth •||Earth •|
|1998||Doli Saja Ke Rakhna •||Oonjal (Tamil)|
|1999||En Swasa Kaatre •||Premante Pranamistha (Telugu)|
|1999||Jodi•||Sajni (2007) (Kannada) ♦||Jodi (Telugu)|
|1999||Padayappa •||Narasimha (Telugu)|
|1999||Taal •||Taalam (Tamil)|
|1999||Kadhalar Dhinam •||Dil Hi Dil Mein (Hindi), Premikula Roju (Telugu)|
|1999||Taj Mahal •||Taj Mahal (Telugu)|
|1999||Mudhalvan •||Nayak (2001) ♦||Oke Okkadu (Telugu)|
|2000||Alaipayuthey •||Saathiya (2002) ♦||Sakhi (Telugu)|
|2000||Kandukondain Kandukondain •||Priyuralu Pilichindi (Telugu)|
|2000||Rhythm •||Rhythm (Telugu)|
|2000||Thenali •||Thenali (Telugu)|
|2001||One 2 Ka 4 •|
|2001||Star •||Takkari Donga Chakkani Chukka (2005) (Telugu)|
|2001||Paarthale Paravasam •||Paravasham (Telugu)|
|2001||Alli Arjuna •|
|2002||Kannathil Muthamittal •||Amrutha (Telugu)|
|2002||The Legend of Bhagat Singh •|
|2002||Baba •||Baba (Telugu)|
|2002||Kadhal Virus •|
|2003||Parasuram •||Police Kartavyam (Telugu)|
|2003||Boys •||Boys (Telugu, Hindi)|
|2003||Enakku 20 Unakku 18 •||Nee Manasu Naaku Telusu • (Telugu)|
|2003||Warriors of Heaven and Earth • (Mandarin)|
|2003||Kangalal Kaidhu Sei •|
|2004||Lakeer – Forbidden Lines•|
|2004||Aaytha Ezhuthu•||Yuva •||Yuva (Telugu)|
|2004||New •||Naani (Telugu)•|
|2004||Dil Ne Jise Apna Kahaa •|
|2004||Swades •||Desam (Tamil)|
|2004||Kisna: The Warrior Poet •|
|2005||Bose: The Forgotten Hero•|
|2005||Anbe Aaruyire •|
|2005||Rang De Basanti •|
|2006||Varalaru •||Godfather (2012) (Kannada) ♦|
|2006||Sillunu Oru Kaadhal •||Nuvvu Nenu Prema (Telugu)|
|2006||Guru||Guru •||Gurukanth (Telugu)|
|2007||Sivaji •||Sivaji(Telugu, Hindi)|
|2007||Provoked •||Provoked (Tamil, Telugu, Hindi)|
|2007||Bombil and Beatrice •|
|2007||Elizabeth: The Golden Age •|
|2007||Elizabeth: The Golden Age •|
|2007||Azhagiya Thamizh Magan•||Sabse Bada Khiladi(Hindi), Maha Muduru(Telugu)|
|2008||Jodhaa Akbar •||Jodhaa Akbar (Tamil, Telugu)|
|2008||Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na •|
|2008||Ada... A Way of Life •|
|2008||Slumdog Millionaire •||Slumdog Crorepati (Hindi), Naanum Kodieswaran (Tamil)|
|2009||Couples Retreat •|
|2010||Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa •||Ekk Deewana Tha (2012)||Ye Maaya Chesave(Telugu)♦|
|2010||Raavanan •||Raavan •||Villain (Telugu)|
|2010||Puli • (Telugu)|
|2010||Enthiran •||Robot(Hindi), Robo (Telugu)|
|2010||Jhootha Hi Sahi•|
|2010||127 Hours •|
|2012||People Like Us•|
- The films are listed in order that the music released, regardless of the dates the film released.
- The year next to the title of the affected films indicates the release year of the either dubbed or remade version in the named language later than the original version.
- # indicates only the filmscore is by Rahman.
- • indicates original language release. Indicates simultaneous makes, if featuring in more languages.
- ♦ indicates a remade version, the remaining ones being dubbed versions.
- The films Nayak: The Real Hero (2001, Hindi) and Saathiya (2002, Hindi) were remakes of the films Mudhalvan (1999, Tamil) andAlaipayuthey (2000, Tamil), respectively. The soundtracks were reused with changes and additional songs.
- He has contributed one song: "Piya Haji Ali" to Fiza (1999, Hindi).
- He has also contributed for a promotional song with Tamil lyrics in the movie Lavender (Malayalam).
- He made a guest appearance as himself in the film Kandukondain Kandukondain (2000, Tamil).
|2012||Monkeys of Bollywood|
|Kochadaiyaan•||Kochadaiyaan (Japanese, Hindi, English), Vikrama Simha (Telugu)|
|Jab Tak Hai Jaan •|
|I •||Manoharadu (Telugu)|
|Imtiaz Ali's Untitled Project •|
The following films had soundtracks reused from previous Rahman soundtracks:
- Pavithra (1994, Tamil) from Yodha (1992, Malayalam) (1 song "Maampoove" used as "Sevvanam Chinnappen")
- Gangmaster (1994, Telugu) from Uzhavan (1993, Tamil) (1 song "Raa Kozhi Randum" used as "Aa Siggu Eggulenthavaraku")
- Rangeela (1995, Hindi) from Super Police (1994, Telugu) (1 song "Baabu Love Cheyyara" used as "Yaaro Sun Lo Zara")
- Anthimanthaarai (1997, Tamil) from Karuththamma (1994, Tamil) (1 song "Pacha Kili Padum" used as "Pullai Thinnum")
- Vishwa Vidhaata (1997, Hindi) from Pudhiya Mugam (1993, Tamil) excluding the track "Humdum Pyaara Pyaara" sung by Udit Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy.
- Kabhi Na Kabhi (1998, Hindi) from Duet (1994, Tamil) 1 song (Anjali), with changes into (Mil Gayee Mil Gayee)
- Vande Mataram (1998, Hindi) reused "Porale Ponnuthayi" from Karuththamma (1994, Tamil) as Chanda Suraj and "Ottagathai Kattikko" from Gentleman (1993, Tamil) as Musafir, both with completely different vocals and instrumentation
- Thakshak (1999, Hindi) from En Swasa Kaatre (1999, Tamil) 1 song (Jumbalaka), with changes in vocals and instrumentation
- Pukar (1999, Hindi) from En Swasa Kaatre (1999, Tamil) 1 song ('Kay Sera Sera' from 'Nayagara'), with changes in vocals and instrumentation. Rahman reused his single Oh Bosnia in this movie with changes in lyrics which is Ek tuhi Barosa which was sung by Lata Mangeskar.
- Jodi (1999, Tamil) and Sajni (2007, Kannada) from Doli Saja Ke Rakhna (1999, Hindi), with 3 new songs added
- Star (2001, Tamil) from Thakshak (1999, Hindi – 3 songs ('Boondin Se Baaten' reused as 'Manasukkul' | 'Dheem Tara Dare' reused as 'Thom Karuvil Irun Thom' | 'Range De' reused as 'Rasika' ) and 1947/Earth (1998, Hindi – 1 song ('Rut Aa Gayi Re' reused as 'Macha Machiniye'), with 1 new song added
- Love You Hamesha (2001, Hindi) from May Madham (1994, Tamil)
- Alli Arjuna (2001,Tamil ) reused from One 2 Ka 4 (2001, Hindi ) 2 songs ("Sona Nahi" reused as "Enthan Nenjil") & ("Osakka Muraiya" reused as "Osakka "), from Pukar (1999, Hindi) 1 song (Sunta Hai Mera Khuda) and Earth(1998, Hindi) 1 song (Banno Rani).
- Lakeer – Forbidden Lines (2004, Hindi) from Rhythm (2000, Tamil – 3 songs), with 3 new songs added
- Swades (2004, Hindi) from Baba (2002, Tamil) (1 song "Baba Kichchu Tha" used as "Dekho Na" with different vocals and instrumentation)
- Lagaan (2001, Hindi) and Alli Arjuna (2001, Tamil) both share the same theme music.
- Sakkarakatti (2008, Tamil) : reused 2 tracks from Meenaxi (2004, Hindi) – "Chinnamma" from 'Chinnamma Chilakkamma', and "Naan Epoudhu" from 'Yeh Rishta'
- Slumdog Millionaire (2009, English): "Liquid Dance" was previously used as a background track in Azhagiya Thamizh Magan (2007, Tamil) with different instrumentation and no vocals, "Gangsta blues" was used as "Dochey" in Komaram Puli with different vocals and certain changes.
- SuperHeavy (2011, English): The instrumental composition of the song Jiya Se Jiya (sung by A. R. Rahman, Karthik, Raqueeb Aalam) from his own album Connections (2009) was reused as a song named Mahiya that had slight changes in instrumentation, featuring vocals by himself, Joss Stone, Mick Jagger, Damian 'Jr. Gong' Marley and was included as a bonus track in the deluxe edition of the album SuperHeavy (2011).
Discography as playback singer
|Year||Song Title||Film Title||Co-Singer||Language|
|1994||"Urvasi Urvasi"||Kadhalan||Suresh Peters||Tamil|
|1995||"Humma Humma"||Bombay||Suresh Peters,Swarnalatha||Tamil|
|"Mangta Hai Kya"||Rangeela||Shweta Shetty||Hindi|
|1996||"No Problem"||Love Birds||Apache Indian||Tamil|
|"Mustafa Mustafa"||Kadhal Desam||Solo||Tamil|
|"Dil Se Re"||Dil Se..||Anupama, Anuradha Sriram||Hindi|
|2000||"Piya Haji Ali"||Fiza||Srinivas, Murtuza Khan, Qadir Khan||Hindi|
|2002||"Vellai Pookal"||Kannathil Muthamittal||Solo||Tamil|
|"Mere Yaar Mila De"||Saathiya||Solo||Hindi|
|2004||"Jana Gana Mana"||Aaytha Ezhuthu||Karthik||Tamil|
|"Dhakka Laga Bukka"||Yuva||Hindi|
|"Yeh Jo Des Hai Tera"||Swades||Solo||Hindi|
|"Aazadi"||Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero||Anuradha Sriram||Hindi|
|2005||"Mangal Mangal"||Mangal Pandey: The Rising||Kailash Kher||Hindi|
|"Aararai Kodi"||Anbe Aaruyire||Solo||Tamil|
|2006||"Khalbali"||Rang De Basanti||Mohammed Aslam, Naccim||Hindi|
|"Lukka Chuppi"||Lata Mangeshkar|
|"New York Nagaram"||Sillunu Oru Kaadhal||Solo||Tamil|
|"Athiradee Karan"||Sivaji||Sayanora Philip||Tamil|
|"Ellapugazhum"||Azhagiya Thamizh Magan||Solo||Tamil|
|2008||"Khwaja Mere Khwaja"||Jodhaa Akbar||Solo||Hindi|
|"Tu Bole Main Boloon"||Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na||Solo||Hindi|
|"Meherbaan"||Ada... A Way of Life||Solo||Hindi|
|"Tu Mera Dost Hai"||Yuvvraaj||Benny Dayal, Shreya Ghoshal||Hindi|
|"O…Saya"||Slumdog Millionaire||M I A||English|
|2009||"Rehna Tu"||Delhi-6||Benny Dayal, Tanvi Shah||Hindi|
|2010||"Kuru Kuru"||Couples Retreat||Solo||English|
|"Mannippaya"||Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa||Shreya Ghoshal||Tamil|
|"Pudhiya Manidha"||Enthiran||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Khatija Rahman||Tamil|
|"Irumbile Oru Irudhaiyam"||Kash n' Krissy|
|2011||"Kun Faya Kun"||Rockstar||Javed Ali, Mohit Chauhan||Hindi|
|"Nadaan Parinde"||Mohit Chauhan|
|2012||"Kya Hai Mohabbat"||Ekk Deewana Tha||Solo||Hindi|
(Studio album by Michael Bolton)
1 out of 12 tracks
(Studio album by Vanessa-Mae)
1 out of 10 tracks
(Studio album by Sarah Brightman)
1 out of 14 tracks
5 out of 10 tracks
|2000||Jana Gana Mana|
|1998||Gurus of Peace||
1 out of 4 tracks
|1994||Fantasy / Andhi Maalai||as a keyboardist only|
|1992||Then Vandhu Paayedhu||background score only|
|1992||Colours||as a keyboardist only|
|1991||Shubhaa – Set Me Freeee|
|1989||Deen Isai Maalai|
|1987||Disco Disco||record producer|
|2010||"Semmozhiyaana Tamizh Mozhiyaam"|
|2010||"Jai Jai Garvi Gujarat"|
|2009||"Jai Ho! (You Are My Destiny)"|
(with The Pussycat Dolls featuring Nicole Scherzinger)
(Charts – US:#11 UK:#3 AUS:#1CAN:#5)
|2007||"Pray for Me Brother"|
|2005||"We Can Make It Better"|
|2002||"Ek Rahen Ek Nazaria"|
|2002||"Love’s Never Easy"|
(with Preeya Kalidas)
(with Preeya Kalidas)
|1999||"Hey Jawan Tujhe Salaam"|
|2010||"We Are the World 25 for Haiti" (with Artists for Haiti)|
(Charts – US:#2 UK:#50 AUS:#18 CAN:#7)
|2010||"Phir Mile Sur Mera Tumhara"|
|2009||"Beautiful" (with Akon)|
(Charts – US:#19 UK:#8 AUS:#14CAN:#16)
|1997||"Maa Tujhe Salaam"||Bharatbala|
|2007||"Pray for Me Brother"||Bharatbala|
|"One Love"||Owais Husain|
|2008||"Jiya Se Jiya"||Kanika Myer|
|2009||"Jai Ho! (You Are My Destiny)"||Thomas Kloss|
|2010||"Semmozhiyaana Tamizh Mozhiyaam"||Gautham Menon|
|"Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto"||Bharatbala|
|2011||"Changing Seasons"||John Warner|
|"If I Rise"|||
|2001||India on IMAX|
|1999||Desh Ka Salaam|
- A. R. Rahman Live in Malaysia. (1997) (Columbus)
- A. R. Rahman Live in Dubai. (2000) (Sony BMG)
- A. R. Rahman Live in USA 2000. (2001) (HMV)
- A.R. Rahman Hits Vol 1 – A.R. Rahman Hits Vol 6. Ayngaran International
- Top 50 of A. R. Rahman. Pyramid
- Super Hits of A.R. Rahman (2008)
- A.R.Rahman live in Concert (California 2000)
Compilations / additional soundtracks
- The Accidental Husband (2008). Tracks: "Yaro Yarodi", "Swasamae", "Rang De"
- Anokha – Soundz of the Asian Underground (1997). Polygram. Track: "Bombay Theme" 1
- A. R. Rahman – A World of Music (2009). Sony BMG. 59 Tracks
- A. R. Rahman Connections – A Journey Through Anthems. Universal. (2009)
- The Best of the Musicals. Solid Gold. Track: "Shakalaka Baby"
- Ambient Chillout Mix Vol. 1 (2002). Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Essential Guide to India. (2006). Union Square Music. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Essential Guide to World Music. (2006). Union Square Music. Track: "Mazhai Thuli"
- Café del Mar Vol. 5 (1998). MCA. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Chakra Seven Centers (Instrumental) (1995). Meta Records. Track:"Ajna Chakra"(Bombay Theme)
- Chilled Symphonies. Meta Records. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Denti Mercury. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Divine Intervention. Milan Music. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Fly Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Flying Carpet. Wagram Records. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Incredible India. Universal Records. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Indian Summer. C4. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Eastern Drums and Breaks Vol. 2. Track: "So Gaye Hain"
- India The Women's Voice. Union Square Music. Tracks: "Kehna Hi Kya", Yaro Yarodi"
- In the Heart of the World (2007). Track: "Shakalaka Baby"
- Inside Man (2006). Varèse Sarabande. Track: Chaiyya Chaiyya
- Introducing A. R. Rahman (2006). Union Square Music. 20 Tracks
- Lord of War (2005). Lakeshore Records. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Mondo India. Ark 21. Tracks: "Varaaghai Nadhi," "Sowkiyamma," "Narumugaiyye," "Mazhai Thuli"
- MTV Total Mix. Ark 21. Track: "Musafir"(Vande Mataram)
- Paradisiac 2. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Patchwork. Naive. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Pilotes Automatique – La Caution's Peines De Maures / Arc-en-ciel Pour Daltoniens (2005). Kerozen Music, Wagram. Track: "Ottagathai Kattiko remix)"
- Princess Mononoke Track: "Bombay Theme"(used in trailers)
- Sa trincha Vol 2. Universal International. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- The Streets of Bollywood and Beyond (2006). Times Square Records. Track: "Narthirthinna"
- Varka Mix. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- Vedic Path. Palm World Voices. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- VIP Lounge 1. Wagram Records. Track: "Gurus of Peace"(Vande Mataram)
- Zen 3. Track: "Bombay Theme"
- 1 "Bombay Theme" is alternatively credited as "Bombay Theme Tune," "Mumbai Theme Tune" or "Bombay Theme Music" in compilations
- Airtel Express Yourself
- Airtel Live Every Moment
- Airtel Street Dance (2010)
- Allwyn Trendy Watches
- Asian Paints
- Bombay Dyeing
- Craze Biscuit
- Hero Punch
- Hero MotoCorp
- Garden Sarees
- Genic Chocolates
- Lebara Mobile (2010)
- Leo Coffee
- MGM Dizzee World
- MRF Tyres (with Sameer Nair)
- Murugan Textiles
- Parry’s Kasthuri Tea
- Premier Pressure Cooker
- Prince Jewellery
- Regaul (First advertisement)
- Remanika Sarees
- Springz Mineral Water
- Tata Chola Tea
- Titan Industries
- Toyota Etios (2010)
- TTK Industries (vests and briefs ad; jingles were used in "Thee Thee" song from Thiruda Thiruda)
- Wall’s Magnum Ice Cream
- Young World
Rahman released five original ringtones in 2002 exclusive to Airtel customers. Later, he released another ringtone "Disabled Film" for the same brand. In 2010, he composed a ringtone for Lebara Mobile.
- Buddy (2002)
- Desire (2002)
- Dream (2002)
- Little One (2002)
- Sizzle (2002)
- Disabled Film (2004)
- Lebara Bird Call (2010)
- Asianet: Signature song for Malayalam channel Asianet, titled "Shyama Sundara Kera Kedara Bhoomi"; performed by Sujatha and Kalyani Menon; Released 1994
- Champions League Twenty20: Official anthem for the Champions League Twenty20; Released 2008
- Chirakukal: Theme music for a weekly children's television series on Asianet in the mid 1990s
- Commonwealth Games 2010: Official anthem for the 2010 Commonwealth Games, titled "Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto"; performed by Rahman; Released 28 August 2010
- Hyderabad International Airport: Theme song for Hyderabad International Airport, titled "Aasman"; performed by Benny Dayaland chorus; Released 2008
- JJTV: Signature song for Tamil channel JJTV
- National Games:
- NDTV India: Theme song for Indian news channel NDTV; Released 2003
- Radio DesiBeat: Signature tune for Radio Desi Beats; Released 20 November 2010
- South Asian Games 1995: Official anthem for the 1995 SAF Games held in Chennai
- Spirit of Unity: Theme song for the Madras Telugu Academy's concerts
- Sun TV: Pongal theme of Tamil channel Sun TV
- Toyota Etios: Theme song for Toyota Etios, titled "Pehli Baar"; performed by Chinmayi, Javed Ali, Madhushree; Released 1 December 2010
- Unity of Light: Theme song for live musical show, Unity of Light, aired on Vijay TV 18 and 25 May 2003
- WorldSpace: Theme song for WorldSpace radio; Released 2006
- Roja (1992)
- Gentleman (1993)
- May Madham (1994)
List of films directed by Mani Ratnam featuring A. R. Rahman
This is a list of movies made by the Indian director Mani Ratnam featuring the Indian music composer A. R. Rahman. Their partnership is widely regarded as having produced some of the best film music in Indian movies in the 1990s.
History and significance
Mani Ratnam after his long relationship with Ilaiyaraaja, decided to drop him and introduce a newcomer in Roja. He happened to listen to some ad jingles, composed by Rahman, in an awards function, where Rahman received the award for Best Jingle Composer.Impressed with Rahman's works, Ratnam visited his studio and listened to a tune that Rahman had composed long back on the Kaveri River water dispute. Ratnam signed him immediately for the film, which was the first one in his terrorism trilogy. Rahman, in spite of his reluctance to seriously take up work in films, accepted the offer since Ratnam had the reputation of a director with a good taste for music. Rahman would later say: "I wasn't sure myself why I accepted Roja. I was offered 25,000 for it, a sum that I could make in three days composing ad jingles. I think it was the prospect of working with Mani that enticed me".
Roja was released in 1992 to universal acclaim. It is considered a milestone in Tamil and Indian film music that heralded the start of a new era. It was subsequently listed in Time magazine's World's "10 Best Soundtracks" of all time. They worked together in 10 films altogether, with every soundtracks having marked a phenomenal critical and commercial success in Indian cinema. Rahman won two out of his four National Awards from his association with Ratnam. Bombay, the most significant work from their combination, is the largest selling Indian music album of all time, with an unprecedented sales of 12 million records.
List of films
|Year||Film||Original Language||Other Languages[A]||Awards[B]|
|Cinema Express Award for Best Music|
Cine Goers' Award for Best Music
Film Fans' Award for Best Music
Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Tamil
Kalasaagar Award for Best Music
National Film Award for Best Music Direction
SuMu Music Awards: R. D. Burman Award for Best New Composer
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
|1993||Thiruda Thiruda||Tamil||Hindi (Chor Chor)|
Telugu (Donga Donga)
|Cine Goers' Award for Best Music|
Film Fans' Award for Best Music
Kalasaagar Award for Best Music
Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Tamil
|1998||Dil Se..||Hindi||Tamil (Uyire)|
|Filmfare Award for Best Music Director|
|Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Tamil|
|2002||Kannathil Muthamittal||Tamil||Telugu (Amrutha)||National Film Award for Best Music Direction|
|2004||Aayutha Ezhuthu /Yuva||Tamil / Hindi||Telugu (Yuva)||Sangeet Award for Best Music Direction|
|2007||Guru||Hindi||Tamil, Telugu||Filmfare Award for Best Background Score|
Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
IIFA Award for Best Background Score
IIFA Award for Best Music Director
Screen Award for Best Background Music
Screen Award for Best Music Director
Zee Cine Award for Best Background Music
Zee Cine Award for Best Music Director
Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer for "Tere Bina"
|2010||Raavan / Raavanan||Hindi / Tamil||Telugu (Villain)|